Albanian (gjuha shqipe / /) is a language spoken by over 8 million people primarily in Albania, Kosovo, and Macedonia but also by smaller numbers of ethnic Albanians in other parts of the Balkans, along the eastern coast of Italy and in Sicily, as well as by emigrant groups in Scandinavia, Germany, Greece the UK and the USA. The language forms its own distinct branch of the Indo-European language family. ...more on Wikipedia about "Albanian language"
Brigasc is a group of dialects of the Occitan language spoken in Italy and France. Similar languages are the Piedmontese language and the Ligurian language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Brigasc"
Catalan (Català) or Valencian (Valencià) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra and co-official in several regions of Spain. Spain has the majority of active Catalan speakers, and Catalan is the country's second most widely spoken language. It is spoken or understood by as many as 12 million people who live not only in Andorra and Spain, but also in parts of France and Italy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Catalan language"
Italiano centrale is a group of dialects of Italian spoken in Lazio and areas East of Lazio in Italy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Central Italian"
Cimbrian refers to any of several local Upper German dialects spoken in northeastern Italy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cimbrian language"
Dialects of Italian are regional varieties which are closely related to Standard Italian, while the terms Dialects of Italy is suggested for those idioms, such as Piedmontese, Lombard, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Venetian, Neapolitan, Sicilian, who show considerable differences in grammar, syntax and vocabulary. Many "dialects of Italy" should thus be considered distinct languages in their own right, and actually are assigned to separate branches on the Romance language family tree by Ethnologue and other academic works. However, for historical, cultural and political reasons, these idioms have not yet been given an official status, nor have they developed a unified written standard. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dialects of Italian"
Eastern Lombard is a group of dialects spoken in the eastern portion of Lombardy, mainly in the provinces of Bergamo, Brescia and Mantua and in the area around Crema. These dialects are generally mutually intelligible for speakers of neighbouring areas but this is not always true for distant peripheric areas. For instance, an inhabitant of the alpine valleys of Bergamo can be hardly understood by a peasant of the plains of Mantua. Differences include either lexical, grammatical and phonetical aspects. ...more on Wikipedia about "Eastern Lombard" www.shortopedia.com - forget the rest.
Emiliano-Romagnolo (also known as Emilian-Romagnolo) is a western neo-latin language (just like other Italian minority languages such as Piedmontese, Lombard and Ligurian), like French, Provençal and Catalan (whereas Italian is an eastern neo-latin language, like Romanian). It is considered as a minority language, structurally separated from Italian by the Ethnologue and by the Red Book on endangered languages of UNESCO. Although commonly referred to as an Italian dialect (even by its speakers), it does not descend from the Italian language. It lacks of a koine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Emiliano-Romagnolo"
Franco-Provençal or Arpitan is a Romance language consisting of dialects found in Italy: ( Valle d'Aosta, Piemonte, Calabria, Apulia); in Switzerland: (cantons Fribourg, Valais, Vaud, Neuchâtel, Geneva, non-German speaking parts of Bern, but not Jura where the dialects spoken are French); and in France: (Dauphinois, Lyonnais, Savoy, Franche-Comté). It is now considered an endangered language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Franco-Provençal language"
Friulian (friulano in Italian, furlan or affectionately marilenghe in Friulian) is a Romance language belonging to the Rhaetian family, spoken in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of north-east Italy. Friulian has around 600,000 speakers, the vast majority of whom also speak Italian. It is sometimes called Eastern Ladin, since it comes from the same roots as the Ladin Language, although over the centuries it has diverged, under the influence of surrounding languages, including German, Italian, Venetian, and Slovenian. Documents in Friulian are attested from the 11th century, and poetry and literature dating as far back as 1300. By the 20th century there was a revival of interest in the language, which has continued to this day. ...more on Wikipedia about "Friulian language"
Gallurese (gadduresu) is a diasystem of the Sardinian language, spoken in the Gallura (Gaddura), north-eastern part of Sardinia including the town of Tempio Pausania (Tempiu). ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallurese"
Genoese (Zeneize or Zena) is a variant of the Ligurian language spoken in Genoa, Italy, the principal city of Liguria. Along with Ligurian, it is of Gallo-Italic Romance derivation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Genoese dialect"
German (German: ), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the world's major languages. It is the language with the most native speakers in the European Union. It belongs also to the three most learned languages and the ten most spoken languages worldwide according to the Guinness Book of Records. ...more on Wikipedia about "German language"
Greek (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA – "Hellenic") is an Indo-European language with a documented history of 3,500 years. Today, it is spoken by 15 million people in Greece, Cyprus, the former Yugoslavia, particularly the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, Albania and Turkey. There are also many Greek emigrant communities around the world, such as those in Melbourne, Australia which has the third largest urban Greek population of any city in the world, after Athens and Thessaloniki. ...more on Wikipedia about "Greek language"
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Griko, sometimes spelled Grico, is a Modern Greek dialect which is spoken by people in the Magna Graecia region in southern Italy and Sicily, and it is otherwise known as the Grecanic language. Greeks often call the dialect Katoitaliótika (Greek: Κατωιταλιώτικα, "Southern Italian") and sometimes Calabrian, although the latter may also serve as an euphemism for a Greek-Italian pidgin language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Griko language"
Italian (Italian: ) is a Romance language spoken by about 70 million people primarily in Italy. Standard Italian is based on Tuscan dialects and is somewhat intermediate between the languages of Southern Italy and the Gallo-Romance languages of the North. Like many languages it is written using the Latin alphabet, Italian has double consonants. However, contrary to, for example, French and Spanish, double consonants are pronounced as long ( geminated) in Italian. As in most Romance languages (with the notable exception of French), stress is distinctive. Out of the Romance languages, Italian is generally considered to be the one most closely resembling Latin in terms of vocabulary and pronunciation, though Romanian most closely preserves the grammar of Classical Latin. ...more on Wikipedia about "Italian language"
Italiano centrale is a group of dialects of Italian spoken in Lazio and areas East of Lazio in Italy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Italiano mediano"
Italkian is a modern English name for Judeo- Italian linguistic varieties, in use mainly between the 10th and the 19th centuries in Rome and in central and northern Italy. The neologism was coined in 1942 by Solomon Birnbaum (see References), who modelled the word on the modern Hebrew adjective ית-/אטלקי italki(t), “Italian”, from the middle Hebrew adjective איטלקי (< ITALICU[M]), “Italic”, “Roman”. Even the term "giudeo-italiano" is of academic and relatively late coinage: historically, Italian Jews referred to their vernaculars as "La`az" (לעז), Hebrew for "foreign language" (i.e., specifically, "non-Hebrew language"), or as "Latino" or "Volgare". In 1587, David de Pomis uses the word "italiano" in reference to the Italian glosses in his trilingual dictionary. ...more on Wikipedia about "Italkian language"
Ladin (Ladino in Italian, Ladin in Ladin, Ladinisch in German) is a Rhaetian language spoken in the Dolomite mountains in Italy, between the regions of Trentino-South Tyrol and Veneto. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ladin"
Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. It gained wide usage as the formal language of the Roman Empire. An inflectional and synthetic language, Latin relies little on word order, conveying meaning through a system of affixes attached to word stems. The Latin alphabet, derived from the Greek, remains the most widely-used alphabet in the world. ...more on Wikipedia about "Latin"
Lepontic is an extinct Celtic language, the language of the Lepontii, that was spoken in parts of Gallia Cisalpina (Cisalpine Gaul) between 700 BC and 400 BC. Sometimes called Cisalpine Celtic, it is considered a dialect of the Gaulish language and thus a Continental Celtic language (Eska 1998). ...more on Wikipedia about "Lepontic language" Be happy with http://www.shortopedia.com shortopedia
The Ligurian language was spoken in pre-Roman times and into the Roman era by an ancient people of north-western Italy and south-eastern France known as the Ligures. Very little is known about this language (mainly place names and personal names remain) which is generally believed to have been Indo-European; it appears to have adopted significantly from other Indo-European languages, primarily Celtic ( Gaulish) and Italic (Latin). ...more on Wikipedia about "Ligurian language"
Ligurian is a Romance language, consisting of a group of Gallo-Italic dialects currently spoken in Liguria, northern Italy, and parts of the Mediterranean coastal zone of France, and Monaco. Genoese (Zeneize or Zeneisei) one of the most well-known dialects, spoken in Genoa, the principal city of Liguria. It is spoken by about 1,920,848 speakers altogether. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ligurian language (Romance)"
* Sassarese (considered by some authors as a variety of Corsican) ...more on Wikipedia about "List of Languages of Italy"
The term Lombard refers to a group of related dialects spoken mainly in Southern Switzerland ( Ticino and the Grisons), Northern Italy (most of Lombardy and some areas of neighbouring regions). Lombard is classified along with Western Romance languages, and is related to French, Romansh, Italian, and others. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lombard language"
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