Courlandians are the people who once lived around the Curonian lagoon (there are still low numbers of some old Courlandians remaining, but they are almost died out), especially in the Curonian spit. They were primarilly fisherman. Frequently they are considered to be Latvians and that was the reason for Latvian claims over Curonian spit, Memel and some other territories of East Prussia immidietly after it regained independence from Russia after the World War 1. Later these claims were removed however. ...more on Wikipedia about "Courlandians"
The Republic of Latvia ( Latvian: Latvijas Republika) is a country in Northern Europe. Latvia has land borders with its two fellow Baltic states — Estonia to the north and Lithuania to the south — and Russia and Belarus to the east. In the west, Latvia shares a maritime border with Sweden. The capital of Latvia, Riga ( Latvian: Rīga), is the largest city in the Baltic States. ...more on Wikipedia about "Latvia"
The Latvian Orthodox Church is a branch of the Eastern Orthodox Church in the republic of Latvia. Orthodoxy was planted in Latvia in the 11th century, when it became a mission field of the diocese of Polatsk. But the country remained mostly pagan until it was conquered in the 13th century by German Crusaders Livonian Brothers of the Sword; Teutonic Order, who imposed Catholicism. Orthodox presences continued in the form of a churches for Russian merchants and others, but these were small communities among a majority of Catholics before 1525 and Lutherans afterward. After Latvia was annexed to the Russian Empire in the 18th century (for most of Latvia, a result of the Great Northern War by the Treaty of Nystad, but for Latgale of the First Partition of Poland in 1772), Russian and Orthodox presence increased substantially, but the Orthodox Church remained foreign to the Latvians. The Latvian Orthodox Church as a body including ethnic Latvians as well as Russians dates back to the 1840s when native Latvians (who were at that time citizens of the Russian Empire) petitioned the Czar to be allowed to conduct services in their native tongue. The Orthodox Church enjoyed some success in its missions among the Latvians due to its use of the Latvian language. However, it was always regarded suspiciously by the Lutheran Germanic nobles of the area; and conversely the German character of the Lutheran Church in Latvia as a factor in the movement of some 40,000 Latvians from the Lutheran to the Orthodox Church. When religious freedom was proclaimed in 1905, about 12,000 Latvians moved in the opposite direction, from Orthodoxy to Lutheranism; in most cases this seems to have occurred because of mixed marriages and the difficulties of maintaining a religously divided family. ...more on Wikipedia about "Latvian Orthodox Church"
Neatkarigas Tukuma Zinas (Neatkarīgās Tukuma Ziņas) is the main source of information for inhabitants of rural villages as well as the cities of Tukums and Kandava in Tukums County of Latvija. ...more on Wikipedia about "Neatkarigas Tukuma Zinas"
Latvia declared its independence on November 18, 1918. After a prolonged War of Independence, Latvia and Soviet Russia (the predecessor of the Soviet Union) signed a Peace Treaty on August 11, 1920. In its Article 2 Soviet Russia "unreservedly recognises the independence and sovereignty of the Latvian State and voluntarily and forever renounces all sovereign rights (...) to the Latvian people and territory." The independence of Latvia was recognised de jure by the Allied Supreme Council ( France, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Belgium) on January 26, 1921. Other states followed suit. On September 22, 1921 Latvia was admitted to membership in the League of Nations. Latvia remained a member until the formal dissolution of the League of Nations in 1946. On February 5, 1932, a Non-Aggression Treaty with the Soviet Union was signed, based on the August 11, 1920 treaty whose basic agreements inalterably and for all time form the firm basis of the relationship of the two states. On September 1, 1939, Latvia declared its neutrality. ...more on Wikipedia about "Occupation of Latvia"
Wolf Ruvinskis (born Wolf Ruvinskis Manevics on October 30 1921 in Riga, Latvia – November 9 1999 in Mexico City) was a Mexican actor and professional wrestler of the lucha libre. He was married to Beatriz Perez, the dancer Armida Herrera and to actress Lilia Michel. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wolf Ruvinskis"
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