Oberon, also Auberon, King of the Fairies, is most famous as a character in William Shakespeare's play, A Midsummer Night's Dream, written in the mid-1590s. ...more on Wikipedia about "Oberon (mythology)"
According to legend, Pope Joan was an alleged female pope who reigned from 850 to 870. Pope Joan is regarded by most historians as an invention, possibly originating as an anti-papal satire. It enjoys an air of plausibility due to certain elements related in the story. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pope Joan"
The legend of Prester John (also Presbyter John), popular in Europe from the 12th through the 17th centuries, told of a mythical Christian patriarch and king said to rule over a Christian nation lost amidst the Muslims and pagans in the Orient. Written accounts of this kingdom are variegated collections of medieval popular fantasy. Reportedly a descendant of one of the Three Magi, Prester John was said to be a generous ruler and a virtuous man, with a realm full of riches and strange creatures, in which the Patriarch of St. Thomas resided. His kingdom contained such marvels as the Gates of Alexander and the Fountain of Youth, and it even bordered the Earthly Paradise. Among his treasures was a mirror through which every province could be seen. ...more on Wikipedia about "Prester John"
Puck is a mischievous pre-Christian nature spirit. The pagan trickster was reimagined in Old English puca ( Christianized as " devil") as a kind of half-tamed woodland sprite, leading folk astray with echoes and lights in nighttime woodlands (like the Celtic/ French "White Ladies", the Dames Blanches), or coming into the farmstead and souring milk in the churn. ...more on Wikipedia about "Puck (mythology)"
Reynard the Fox, also known as Renard, Renart, Reinard, Reinecke, Reinhardus, and by many other spelling variations, is a trickster figure whose tale is told in a number of anthropomorphic fables from medieval Europe. ...more on Wikipedia about "Reynard"
Robert the Devil is a legend of medieval origin. Robert is the devil's own child, for his mother, despairing of heaven's aid in order to obtain a son, has addressed herself to the devil. It is also the usual translation for the title of Meyerbeer's opera Robert le Diable, which has little in common with the legend except the name of the hero. ...more on Wikipedia about "Robert the Devil"
Robin Hood is the archetypal English folk hero, from Wakefield, West Yorkshire, an outlaw who, in modern versions of the legend, stole from the rich to give to the poor. Although most noted for his material egalitarianism, in the stories he also pursues other types of equality and justice. However, as mentioned below, Robin Hood was not quite so generous in the original medieval legends. In the end, since most events in the various Robin Hood stories are fictional, arguments over the "real" or "true" Robin Hood are unlikely to reach any conclusion. Even if Robin Hood or a similar person did indeed exist, finding concrete evidence about his life is highly improbable. ...more on Wikipedia about "Robin Hood"
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Roland ( Frankish: Hruodland, in some languages Orlando) is a character in medieval and Renaissance literature, the chief paladin of Charlemagne and a central figure in the Matter of France. It is thought the title character of the 12th century Song of Roland, which recounts his final stand against the Muslims during the Battle of Roncevaux Pass, is based on a real person who died in that battle (under different circumstances), but the authors of most later chansons de geste and the Carolingian epics Orlando Innamorato and Orlando Furioso made little attempt to establish historical accuracy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Roland"
Rostam (رستم Rostæm in Persian) is a mythical warrior of ancient Persia, son of Zal and Rudaba. In some ways, the position of Rustam in the historical tradition is curiously parallel to that of Surena, the hero of the Carrhae. His figure was endowed with many features of the historical personality of Rustam. The latter was always represented as the mightiest of Iranian paladins, and the atmosphere of the episodes in which he features is strongly reminiscent of the Ashkanian period. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rostam"
According to the Golden Legend by Jacobus de Voragine, the story of Saint George and the Dragon took place in a place he called "Silene," in Libya. There was no such place, the name being perhaps a corruption of Cyrene. The Golden Legend is the first to place this tale in Libya, as a sufficiently exotic locale, where a dragon might be imagined. A translation of the original text of Jacobus de Voragine is linked below. ...more on Wikipedia about "Saint George and the Dragon"
In Christian mythology, the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus is a folktale concerning a number of fictional people who for a time were venerated as saints. ...more on Wikipedia about "Seven Sleepers"
Sigurd ( Old Norse Sigurðr, German Siegfried) was a legendary hero of Norse mythology, as well as the central character in the Volsunga saga, Nibelungenlied and Richard Wagner's opera, Siegfried, which see for more details. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sigurd"
Sindbad the Sailor (also spelled "Sinbad", from Persian سندباد—As-Sindibad, 三保 "Sānbǎo", from Chinese ) is the name of a legendary sailor who has numerous fantastic adventures during his voyages throughout the seas east of Africa and south of Asia. The collection of travel-romances which make up the Seven Voyages of Sindbad the Sailor found in The Book of One Thousand and One Nights (1001 Nights) are based partly on real experiences of Oriental and Chinese sailors, partly on ancient poetry such as Homer's Mediterranean-based Odyssey, and partly upon Indian and Persian collections of mirabilia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sindbad the Sailor"
The Spear of Destiny, sometimes known as the Holy Lance, Holy Spear, Lance of Longinus, or Spear of Longinus, is claimed to be the spear that pierced the side of Jesus when he was on the cross ( John 19:31-37). Later Christian tradition named the soldier that pierced Christ's side as Gaius Cassius, and he is later called Longinus (making the spear's "correct" Latin name Lancea Longini). It should be noted that there is a historical figure named Gaius Cassius Longinus, one of the conspirators responsible for the death of Gaius Julius Caesar (died March 15, 44 BC). This should not necessarily be viewed as "too coincidental," since Roman names held little variety, especially among members of the same family. There are many prototypes and analogues of the spear in other legends, it can be compared to the ancient Irish weapon, the Spear Luin, and is similar to the Bleeding Lance of Grail mythology, which was eventually claimed to be the Spear of Destiny. ...more on Wikipedia about "Spear of Destiny" Fast shortopedia Medieval_legends
St. Patrick's Purgatory is an ancient pilgrimage that has taken place on Saint Island and Station Island in Lough Derg, County Donegal, Ireland. The traditional date of the origin of the pilgrimage is from 445, when Saint Patrick visited the lake. ...more on Wikipedia about "St. Patrick's Purgatory"
According to German legend, Tannhäuser was a knight and poet, who found the Venusburg, or subterranean home of Venus. He spent a year there worshipping Venus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tannhäuser"
The Pied Piper of Hamelin is a folk tale, among others written down by the Brothers Grimm. It tells about a disaster in the town of Hamelin, Germany, that supposedly occurred on June 26, 1284. In that year a man came to Hamelin claiming to be a rat-catcher. The people of Hamelin promised him payment for killing the rats. So the man took a pipe, attracted the rats by his music and made them follow him to the Weser river, where they all drowned. Despite this success the people reneged on their promise and did not pay the rat-catcher. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Pied Piper of Hamelin"
Till Eulenspiegel IPA: (Low German Dyl Ulenspegel) is a character who originated in Middle Low German oral tradition. ...more on Wikipedia about "Till Eulenspiegel"
Tristan ( Latin/ Brythonic: Drustanus; Welsh: Drystan; also known as Tristran, Tristram, etc.) was a Cornish hero from folklore and one of the Knights of the Round Table whose story is told in the Matter of Britain. He was the son of Blancheflor and Rivalen (in later versions Isabelle and Meliodas), and the nephew of King Mark of Cornwall, sent to fetch Isolde back from Ireland to wed the king. However, they fall in love en route (perhaps under the influence of a love potion meant for Isolde and Mark), and Tristan fights off a series of attempts to take Isolde back. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tristan"
The unicorn is a legendary creature embodied like a horse, but slender and with a single — usually spiral — horn growing out of its forehead. Though the popular image of the unicorn is that of a white horse differing only in the horn, the traditional unicorn has a billy- goat beard, a lion's tail, and cloven hoofs, which distinguish him from a horse. Interestingly, these modifications make the horned ungulate more realistic, since only cloven-hoofed animals have horns. Marianna Mayer has observed (The Unicorn and the Lake), "The unicorn is the only fabulous beast that does not seem to have been conceived out of human fears. In even the earliest references he is fierce yet good, selfless yet solitary, but always mysteriously beautiful. He could be captured only by unfair means, and his single horn was said to neutralize poison." ...more on Wikipedia about "Unicorn"
The Wandering Jew is a figure from Christian folklore. The legend relates that a Jewish shoemaker, taunting Jesus on the way to crucifixion, was told by Him "thou shalt go on forever till I return". The shoemaker was thus punished for his indiscretion by being forced to wander the earth until the second coming of Jesus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wandering Jew"
Weyland (also spelled Wayland, Weland and Watlende) is the mythical smith- god of the Saxon immigrants into Britain. He is synonymous with the North-Germanic/Norse Völundr of the Völundarkviða, a poem in the Poetic Edda. ...more on Wikipedia about "Weyland"
The Wild Hunt was a folk myth prevalent in former times across Northern Scandinavia, Germany and Britain. The fundamental premise in all instances is the same: a phantasmal group of huntsmen with the accoutrements of hunting, horses, hounds, etc., in mad pursuit across the skies. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wild Hunt"
William Tell ( German Wilhelm Tell, French Guillaume Tell, Italian Guglielmo Tell) was a legendary hero of disputed historical authenticity who is said to have lived in the Canton of Uri in Switzerland in the early 14th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "William Tell"
The Woodwose or hairy wildman of the woods was the Sasquatch figure of pre-Christian Gaul, in Anglo-Saxon a wuduwasa. ...more on Wikipedia about "Woodwose"
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