Adenostoma fasciculatum (Chamise or Greasewood) is a flowering plant native to California and northern Baja California. This shrub is one of the most widespread plants of the chaparral biome. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adenostoma fasciculatum"
The California chaparral and woodlands is a terrestrial ecoregion of central and southern California ( United States) and northwestern Baja California ( Mexico), located on the west coast of North America. It is a Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub ecoregion, part of the Nearctic ecozone. ...more on Wikipedia about "California chaparral and woodlands"
California coastal prairie, also known as northern coastal grassland, is a grassland plant community of California and Oregon. It is found along the Pacific coast, from central California to southern Oregon. The strong winds and salt spray of along the coast prevent the growth of trees and shrubs, perpetuating a community of grasses and spring wildflowers, including California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica), Owl Clover (Orthocarpus erianthus), and Beach Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis). The accumulated organic matter from centuries produce a rich, dark prairie soil ( mollisol). Coastal prairie often forms a landscape mosaic with northern coastal scrub. ...more on Wikipedia about "California coastal prairie"
Chaparral is a shrubland biome found primarily in California, USA, that is shaped by a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot dry summers) and wildfire. Similar plant communities are found in the five other Mediterranean climate regions around the world, including the Mediterranean (where it is known as maquis), central Chile ( matorral), South African Cape Region (known there as fynbos), and Australia (Western and Southern). ...more on Wikipedia about "Chaparral"
The Chilean Matorral is a terrestrial ecoregion of central Chile, located on the west coast of South America. It is a Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub ecoregion, part of the Neotropic ecozone. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chilean Matorral"
Coastal sage scrub is a low scrubland plant community found in the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion of California and northern Baja California. It is characterized by low-growing aromatic, and drought-deciduous shrubs adapted to the semi-arid Mediterranean climate of the coastal lowlands. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coastal sage scrub"
The Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests are an ecoregion on the island of Corsica. The ecoregion includes the high-altitude regions of Corsica's mountain ranges. ...more on Wikipedia about "Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests"
Fynbos ( Afrikaans for fine bush) is the natural shrubland vegetation occurring in a small belt of South Africa, mainly in winter rainfall coastal and mountainous areas of the South-western Cape. Of the world's six floral kingdoms, this is the smallest and richest per area unit. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fynbos"
Garrigue is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland found around the Mediterranean Basin, generally near the seacoast. Garrigue, which is a French term, is the most common term for such shrublands, which are known as phrygana in Greece, tomillares in Spain, and batha in Israel. Aromatic shrubs such as lavender, rosemary, and Artemisia are common garrigue plants. ...more on Wikipedia about "Garrigue"
Maquis ( French) or macchia ( Italian; plural macchie) is a shrubland biota in Mediterranean countries, typically consisting of densely-growing evergreen shrubs such as sage, juniper and myrtle. It is similar to heath in many aspects, but with taller shrubs, typically 2-4 m high as opposed to 0.2-1 m for heath. A similar habitat type in North America is known as chaparral, though the species of shrub involved are different. ...more on Wikipedia about "Maquis shrubland"
Matorral is a Spanish word for shrubland. Matorral originally referred to the Matorral shrublands of Spain's Mediterranean climate regions, but the term followed Spanish settlement of the Americas, and is used to refer to both Mediterranean-climate and xeric shrublands in Mexico, Chile, and elsewhere. ...more on Wikipedia about "Matorral"
The Mediterranean Basin refers to the lands around and surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin refers to the lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub vegetation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mediterranean Basin"
Northern coastal scrub is a scrubland plant community of California and Oregon. It occurs along the Pacific Coast from Point Sur in Monterey County in Central California to southern Oregon. It frequently forms a landscape mosaic with coastal prairie. The predominant plants are low evergreen shrubs and herbs. Characteristic shrubs include Coyote Brush ( Baccharis pilularis), California Yerba Santa ( Eriodictyon californicum), Salal ( Gaultheria shallon), and Yellow Bush Lupine ( Lupinus arboreus). Herbaceous species include Western Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium bellum), Douglas Iris (Iris douglasiana), and grasses. ...more on Wikipedia about "Northern coastal scrub"
Southwest Australia is a biodiversity hotspot that includes the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub ecoregions of Western Australia. The region has a wet-winter, dry-summer Mediterranean climate, one of five such regions in the world. The region covers 356,717 km², consisting of a broad coastal plain 20-120 kilometers wide, transitioning to gently undulating uplands made up of weathered granite, gneiss and laterite. Desert and xeric shrublands lie to the north and east across the center of Australia, separating Southwest Australia from the other Mediterranean and humid-climate regions of the continent. ...more on Wikipedia about "Southwest Australia"
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