Cardia (in Greek Kαρδια), anciently the chief town of the Thracian Chersonese (today Gallipoli peninsula), was situated at the head of the gulf of Melas (today Saros bay). It was originally a colony of the Milesians and Clazomenians; but subsequently, in the time of Miltiades (late 6th century BC), the place also received Athenian colonists, as proved by Miltiades tyranny ( 515– 493 BC). But this didn't make Cardia necessarily always pro-Athenian: when in 357 BC Athens took control of the Chersonese, the latter, under the rule of a Thracian prince, was the only city to remain neutral; but the decisive year was 352 BC when the city conluded a treaty of amity with king Philip II of Macedonia. A great crisis exploded when Diopeithes, an Athenian mercenary captain, had in 343 BC brought Attic settlers to the town; and since Cardia was unwilling to receive them, Philip immediately sent help to the town. THe king proposed to settle the dispute between the two cities by arbitration, but Athens refused. The town was destroyed by Lysimachus about 309 BC , and although it was afterwards rebuilt, it never again rose to any degree of prosperity, as Lysimachia, which was built in its vicinity and peopled with the inhabitants of Cardia, became the chief town in that neighbourhood. Cardia was the birthplace of king Eumenes and of the historian Hieronymus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cardia (Thrace)"
Cyzicus was an ancient town of Mysia in Asia Minor, situated on the shoreward side of the present peninsula of Kapu-Dagh (Arctonnesus), which is said to have been originally an island in the Sea of Marmara, and to have been artificially connected with the mainland in historic times. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cyzicus"
Lampsacus (also Lampsakos; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient Greek city strategically located on the eastern side of the Hellespont in the northern Troad. The name has been transmitted in the nearby modern town of Lapseki. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lampsacus"
Naucratis, ( Greek: Ναύκρατις), loosely translated as "(the city that wields) power over ships", was an ancient city of Egypt, on the Canopic branch of the Nile, 45 mi (72 km) SE of Alexandria. It was probably given to colonists from nine Greek cities, including among other Miletus and Corinth, by the Pharaoh Psamtik in the 7th century BC and was the first Greek settlement in Egypt, and Egypt's most important harbor in antiquity until the rise of Alexandria and the shifting of the Nile led to its decline. ...more on Wikipedia about "Naucratis"
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