Ezequiel Zamora was a famous Venezuelan soldier and leader in the so-called "Federal War" of 1859-1863. Zamora was born in Cúa, Miranda State on February 1, 1817. Zamora died in San Carlos, Cojedes, on January 10, 1860. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ezequiel Zamora"
As of 2000, the armed forces of Venezuela enlisted 87,500 individuals in four service branches--the Army, Navy (including the Marine Corps), Air Force, and the Armed Forces of Cooperation (FAC), commonly known as the National Guard. As of 2005, about 100,000 soldiers were integrated in the military through a fifth service branch, the Armed Reserve, although this force is more of a militia than a formal, professional armed corps. In 2001, a civilian was appointed Minister of Defense for the first time in many decades. His role is largely policy-oriented, and operational command remains with a uniformed services commander. ...more on Wikipedia about "Military of Venezuela"
Mission Mercal (officially launched on April 24, 2003) is a Bolivarian Mission established in Venezuela under the government of Hugo Chávez. The government has set up subsidized grocery stores in a state-run company called Mercal. At present some 11.36 million Venezuelans benefit from Mercal food programs on a regular basis. At least 14,208 Mission Mercal food distribution sites are spread throughout Venezuela, and 4,543 metric tons of food are distributed each day. Mission Mercal stores and cooperatives are mostly located in impoverished areas and sell generic-branded foods at discounts as great as 50%. While the company is heavily funded by the government, the goal is to become self-sufficient by replacing food imports with products from local farmers, small businesses, and cooperatives (many of whom have received microcredits from Mercal). This endogenous development is central to Chávez's stated goal of non-capitalistic development from the bottom up. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mission Mercal"
was a plan proposed by current Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez meant to deal with or repress massive protests. When he called it into effect in April 2002 as a result of the tumult, high-ranking members within the Armed Forces refused to carry out this Plan Avila when ordered do so by Chávez, during massive opposition demonstrations that unexpectedly began to march towards the Presidential Palace on April 11th. ...more on Wikipedia about "Plan Avila"
Plan Bolívar 2000 (launched 27 February 1999) was the first of the Bolivarian Missions enacted under of administration of current Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. The plan involved around 40,000 Venezuelan soldiers involved in door-to-door anti-poverty activities, including mass vaccinations, food distribution in slum areas, and education. The program also transported thousands of poor and ill Venezuelans at cost by military cargo planes and helicopters, as a means of alleviating their domestic travel expenses. ...more on Wikipedia about "Plan Bolivar 2000"
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