For women with diabetes mellitus, pregnancy can present some particular challenges for both mother and child. If the woman who is pregnant has diabetes or develops diabetes during pregnancy, it can cause early labor, birth defects, and very large babies. ...more on Wikipedia about "Diabetes mellitus and pregnancy"
Dystocia ( antonym eutocia) is an abnormal or difficult childbirth. Pregnancies which result in some form of dystocia often lead to assisted deliveries including forceps, ventouse or, commonly, caesarian section. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dystocia"
Eclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy and is characterised by convulsions. Usually eclampsia occurs after the onset of pre-eclampsia though sometimes no pre-eclamptic symptoms are recognisable. ...more on Wikipedia about "Eclampsia"
An ectopic pregnancy is one in which the fertilized ovum is implanted in any tissue other than the uterine wall. Most ectopic pregnancies occur in the Fallopian tube (so-called tubal pregnancies), but implantation can also occur in the cervix, ovaries, and abdomen. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ectopic pregnancy"
An episiotomy is a surgical incision through the perineum made to enlarge the vagina and assist childbirth. The incision can be midline or at an angle from the posterior end of the vulva, is performed under local anaesthetic and is sutured closed after delivery. It is one of the most common medical procedures performed on women. ...more on Wikipedia about "Episiotomy"
External cephalic version is a process by which a breech baby can sometimes be turned from buttocks or foot first to head first. It should only be attempted from 34 weeks on and often times is reserved for later due to the fact that breech presentation greatly decreases with every week. ...more on Wikipedia about "External cephalic version"
(FACOG) Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists ...more on Wikipedia about "FACOG"
Fetal Fibronectin (fFN) is a protein produced by fetal cells. fFN is found at the interface of the chorion and the decidua (between the fetal sack and the uterine lining). It's characteristics are basically adhesive for most of the pregnancy and it is likely to be the "biological glue" that binds the fetal sack to the uterine lining. Because of this fFN has become an excellent biological marker to indicate likelihood of premature (preterm) delivery, less than 37 weeks gestation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fetal Fibronectin"
Fetoscopy is an endoscopic procedure during pregnancy to allow access to the fetus, the amniotic cavity, the umbilical cord, and the fetal side of the placenta. A small (3-4mm) incision is made in the abdomen, and the endoscope is inserted through the wall of the abdomen and uterus into the amniotic cavity. Fetoscopy allows interventions such as a biopsy or laser occlusion of abnormal vessels. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fetoscopy"
Forceps are a hand-held instrument used for grasping and holding objects, similar in concept to tongs, tweezers or pincers. ...more on Wikipedia about "Forceps"
Gastroschisis is a herniation (displacement) of the intestines through a congenital defect of the abdominal wall on one side of the umbilical cord. It is similar to an omphalocele in appearance. An omphalocele, however, is a herniation of the abdominal contents through the umbilical cord, and is covered with a sac, while gastroschisis is a herniation through the abdominal wall (usually to the right of the umbilical cord), which does not involve the cord. In addition, in gastroschisis, the intestines (bowels) are exposed. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gastroschisis"
Gestational age is age of a fetus (or newborn infant) from presumed conception. A full-term human pregnancy is considered to be 40 weeks (280 days), though individuals will vary between 37 and 42 weeks. A fetus born prior to the 37th week of gestation is considered premature and faces increased risk of morbidity and mortality. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gestational age"
A gestational carrier is a woman who carries a pregnancy for another woman. She does not provide a genetic contribution ( ovum) to the pregnancy but provides strictly a pregnancy carrier service ("a rented womb") and hands the baby over to the biological mother at the conclusion of the pregnancy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gestational carrier"
Gestational choriocarcinoma is a malignant trophoblastic tumour arising from any gestational event during pregnancy in the reproductive female. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gestational choriocarcinoma"
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Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes found in pregnant women. It occurs when the pregnant woman's body cannot produce enough insulin, resulting in high blood sugar. Gestational diabetes affects an estimated two to three percent of pregnant women. ** ...more on Wikipedia about "Gestational diabetes"
Gestational trophoblastic disease — usually referred to as a mole — is a very rare abnormality of pregnancy in the reproductive female that involves abnormal trophoblast proliferation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gestational trophoblastic disease"
Habitual abortion or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is the occurrence of repeated pregnancies that end in miscarriage of the fetus, usually before 20 weeks of gestation. RPL affects about 0.34% of women who conceive. ...more on Wikipedia about "Habitual abortion"
HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening complication of pre-eclampsia. Both conditions occur during the latter stages of pregnancy, or sometimes after childbirth. ...more on Wikipedia about "HELLP syndrome"
Home birth is childbirth that occurs outside a hospital or birthing center setting, usually in the home of the mother. Most home births are assisted by midwives, but some home births are physician assisted. Others have no medical assistance at all. This is known as free-birth or unassisted home birth. ...more on Wikipedia about "Home birth"
Hyperemesis gravidarum (from the Latin for "extreme vomiting of the pregnant woman") is a severe form of morning sickness. According to the Hyperemesis Education and Research Foundation , hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is described as “unrelenting, excessive pregnancy-related nausea and/or vomiting that prevents adequate intake of food and fluids.” It is considered a rare complication of pregnancy. The exact number of sufferers is difficult to pinpoint because symptoms of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy exist on a continuum, and there is no clear boundary between common morning sickness and hyperemesis. Estimates of the percentage of pregnant women afflicted range from 0.3% to 2%. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hyperemesis gravidarum"
Induction is a way of artificially bringing on labour in a woman. ...more on Wikipedia about "Induction (birth)" Are you ready for shortopedia?
Linea negra or linea nigra ( Latin for "black line") is a skin pigment condition during pregnancy where a brownish streak less than a centimeter in width develops. The line runs vertically along the midline of the abdomen from the pubis to the xiphoid process - the bottom-most part of the rib cage in the center or tip of the sternum. ...more on Wikipedia about "Linea negra"
Obstetrics is the study of the reproductive process within the female body, including fertilization, pregnancy and childbirth. ...more on Wikipedia about "List of obstetric topics"
A live birth of a human being occurs when a fetus is expelled and separated from the mother's body and subsequently shows some sign of life, such as voluntary movement, heartbeat, or pulsation of the umbilical cord, for however brief a time. In the absence of such sign, the event is considered a stillbirth. This definition was created by the World Health Organization in 1950 and is chiefly used for public health and statistical purposes. Whether the birth is vaginal or by Caesarean section, and whether the baby is ultimately viable, is not relevant to this statistical definition. ...more on Wikipedia about "Live birth"
In the field of obstetrics, lochia is post-partum vaginal discharge, containing blood, mucus, and placental tissue. Lochia discharge typically continues for 4 to 6 weeks after childbirth. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lochia"
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