A.J. Watson (born May 8 1924) was a car builder and chief mechanic from 1949 through 1984 in the Indianapolis 500, winning the race seven times, which leaves him tied for the record for most wins by a builder. ...more on Wikipedia about "A. J. Watson"
The Barber Dodge Pro Series was an entry-level open-wheel auto racing series from 1986 to 2003. The series race primarily on road and street courses in North America, although the schedule did sometimes include a few ovals. ...more on Wikipedia about "Barber Dodge Pro Series"
Champ Car, a shortened form of "Championship Car", has been the name for a class of cars used in American Championship Car Racing for many decades. It is also the common name for the Champ Car World Series, a North American open-wheel racing series that was formerly known as CART, or Championship Auto Racing Teams. The series was formerly known as the CART PPG IndyCar World Series and the CART FedEx Championship Series. ...more on Wikipedia about "Champ Car"
Dirt track racing is a type of auto racing performed on oval tracks. It began in the United States before World War I and became widespread during the 1920s and 30s. Two different types of racecars predominated— open wheel racers in the Northeast and West and stock cars in the South. The open wheel racers were built purposefully for racing and the stock cars were ordinary automobiles modified to varying degrees for racing. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dirt track racing"
Formula 5000 (or F5000) was an auto-racing series that ran in the various countries around the world from 1968 to 1982. It was originally intended as a low-cost series aimed at open-wheel racing cars that no longer fit into any particular formula. The '5000' denomination comes from the maximum 5.0 litre engine capacity allowed in the cars, although many cars ran with 3.5, 4.5 and 4.7 litre engines. Manufacturers included greats such as McLaren, Eagle, March, Lola, Lotus and Chevron. ...more on Wikipedia about "Formula 5000"
Formula Ford is a single seater class in motorsport which exists in some form in many countries around the world. It is an entry-level series to motor racing, with many drivers aspiring to one day reach Formula One. Young drivers often begin their competitve careers in Formula Ford, or after a few years in karting. Formula Ford provides drivers with their first insights into how a racing car feels to drive and how to properly set up a car. The first Formula Ford car was Team Lotus' 1966 Type 51. ...more on Wikipedia about "Formula Ford"
Formula Holden is the top open wheel racing category in Australia. It is based on 3.8 litre (3.6 litre from 2005) V6 Holden engines mounted in ex- Formula 3000-class chassis (almost always from Japan). It was the category that awarded the CAMS Gold Star and Australian Driver's Championship. From 2005 the Gold Star has moved to Australian Formula Three. The drivers in the series tend to be a mix of older drivers who own their own cars, or very young Oceanic or South Asian drivers looking to make a name for themselves in the international scene. Although technically using cars and engines just a step below Formula One, the lack of competition in the series means that drivers tend to progress from Formula 4000 a minor series in Europe ( Will Power, British Formula Three) or North America ( Scott Dixon, Indy Lights). ...more on Wikipedia about "Formula Holden"
Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel formula auto racing. It consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held on purpose-built circuits or closed city streets, whose results determine two annual World Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors. The cars race at speeds often in excess of 300 km/h (185 mph) with engines that produce, as of 2005, around 950 bhp at just over 19000 rpm. ...more on Wikipedia about "Formula One"
Formula Three, also called Formula 3 or, in abbreviated form, F3, is a type of formula racing and a class of open-wheeler motor racing. The various championships held in Europe, Australia and South America form an important step for many prospective Formula One drivers. Formula 3 race cars are fast and relatively inexpensive, which makes F3 an attractive entry-level into higher class auto racing. ...more on Wikipedia about "Formula Three"
Though Formula One evolved from the Grand Prix racing of the early 1900s, the true history of Formula One began in 1947 with the FIA's standardization of rules and incorporation of a World Drivers' Championship. The sport's history necessarily parallels the history of its technical regulations; see Formula One regulations for a summary of the technical rule changes. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of Formula One"
The Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, frequently shortened to Indianapolis 500 or Indy 500, is an American automobile race held annually over the Memorial Day weekend at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana. First known and held as the International 500-Mile Sweepstakes Race in 1911, "The Greatest Spectacle in Racing," or simply "Indy," is one of the oldest and richest motorsport events in existence, and the largest single-day sporting event worldwide in both on-grounds attendence and international audience (recent estimates placing the latter in excess of 320 million). The event lends its name to the " IndyCar" class of formula, or open-wheel, race cars that have competed in it and has been broadcast live over radio on the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network since 1952, and televised on ABC Sports since 1965, with live flag-to-flag coverage beginning in 1986. In May 2005, the race celebrated its 60th consecutive year of uninterrupted occurrance. ...more on Wikipedia about "Indianapolis 500"
1911: An accident disrupts the official timing and scoring stand mid-way through the race. Ray Harroun receives the chequered flag first but many believe Ralph Mulford, classified second, actually won the race. Had he pulled straight into the winners circle Mulford might indeed have been heralded as the winner, but he ran some 'insurance laps', ironically in case the scorers had missed a lap. Harroun did pull in, received the plaudits, and very little else was said on the matter; Harroun, the defending AAA champion, retires after winning the race in the six-cylinder Marmon Wasp, a car he personally designed. ...more on Wikipedia about "Indianapolis 500 year by year"
The Indy Racing League, better known as IRL, is the promoter of a predominantly oval based open-wheel racing series in the United States and, more recently, Japan. Its centerpiece is the Indianapolis 500. The IRL is owned by Hulman and Co., which also owns the Indianapolis Motor Speedway complex. The IRL was brought about in 1994 by Tony George and was created with a breakaway group of drivers from CART, which had coordinated Indy car racing since 1979,after breaking away from the United States Auto Club (USAC). George designed IRL as a lower-cost open-wheel alternative to CART, which had come to be technology-driven and dominated by a few wealthy multi-car teams much like in Formula One. Since then, the IRL has developed a consistent engine package and chassis rules which have produced some of the closest finishes in any racing series. Ironically, the series is now dominated by many of the same wealthy multi-car teams that once dominated CART. ...more on Wikipedia about "Indy Racing League"
IndyCar is most often used as a generic term for American Championship Car Racing, a form of open-wheel auto racing. The term comes from the name of the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, held every Memorial Day weekend at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ...more on Wikipedia about "IndyCar"
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The Infiniti Pro Series is a developmental racing series sanctioned by the Indy Racing League. It was founded in 2002 as a way to introduce new talent to the IRL and coincided with Infiniti's departure from the IRL's premier Indycar series. It is a spec series using a modified 3.5L version of the V8 engine used in the Infiniti Q45 combined with Dallara chassis. The series has struggled to attract drivers and some races have less than 10 entrants. However, with the introduction of a number of road-course races to the schedule in 2005, many of America's top prospects like Marco Andretti and Scott Mansell have been attracted to the series to run part-time schedules on the road courses. Throughout the series' history, Sam Schmidt Motorsports has been one of the most dominant teams and has been one of the only teams to consistently put forth a serious competitive effort towards the series. ...more on Wikipedia about "Infiniti Pro Series"
The International Motor Contest Association was organized in 1915 by J. Alex Sloan. It is currently the oldest active auto racing sanctioning body in the United States. Sloan, a native of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was instrumental in establishing the IMCA and ran more races than all other promoters in the United States combined, all under IMCA sanction. After Sloan's death in 1937 his son, John Sloan, continued to manage the IMCA. Under John Sloan’s leadership, IMCA continued to grow and held its first Late Model race on November 9, 1947, in Lubbock, Texas. In the late 1970s, Keith Knaack introduced the IMCA Modified division. ...more on Wikipedia about "International Motor Contest Association"
Midget cars are very small race cars with a very high power-to-weight ratio. Typically containing 4 cyclinder engines. Despite the name, they are fully capable of being driven by average-sized drivers. They are intended to be driven for races of relatively short distances, typically 2.5 to 25 miles (4 to 40 km), often staged inside arenas. These sorts of events are sometimes held on weeknights so that popular and famous drivers from other, higher-profiled types of motor racing will be available to compete. Many famous drivers got their have driven in these cars including Tony Stewart the 2005 Nascar Nextel Cup Champion, Jeff Gordon and others. The high power and small size of the cars combine to make midget racing quite dangerous; modern midget cars are full equipped with roll cages and other safety features. ...more on Wikipedia about "Midget cars"
Open wheel car is a term for cars, usually purpose-built racecars, with the wheels located outside the car's main body, as distinct from cars which have their wheels below the body or fenders, in the manner of most street cars, stock cars, or touring cars. Open-wheel racing includes many types and levels of motor racing including Formula One, American Championship Car Racing ( Champcar, IRL), sprint car, midget car, and others. ...more on Wikipedia about "Open wheel car"
Oval racing is a type of motorsport, primarily American, that involves running multiple cars wheel-to-wheel in a race around a track roughly oval in shape. ...more on Wikipedia about "Oval racing"
In North American motor racing, particularly with regard to NASCAR, a short track is a racetrack of less than one mile (1.6km) in length. Short track racing, often associated with fairgrounds and similar venues, is where stock car racing first got off of the back roads and into organized and regulated competition. Many traditional fans and purists still see short track racing as the "real" NASCAR, because the lower speeds make "paint swapping", where the bodies of the cars actually rub against one another, practical without a very high likelihood of serious accidents. ...more on Wikipedia about "Short track motor racing"
Sprint cars are small, high-powered race cars designed primarily for the purpose of running on short dirt or paved tracks. Sprint cars have a high power-to-weight ratio making sprint car racing exciting with speeds in excess of 140 MPH on some tracks. This speed often also makes it very dangerous. The safety record of sprint car racing in recent years has been greatly improved by the use of roll cages to protect the drivers, which, since the 1970's, are often joined by wings mounted on top of the cars to give them sufficient downforce so as not to become airborne as readily as was previously the case. In case the car went airborne, the tumbles were not as violent, and the wing would break off or absorb the impact of the flip. In some cases, teams are able to replace the wing during the ensuing red flag and be able to race once the race resumed. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sprint cars" Please inform your friends about http://www.shortopedia.com
Steve Kinser is a champion sprint car racer. He was won 19 championships in the World of Outlaws racing series in a car sponsored by Quaker State. Steve also drove in the 1997 Indianapolis 500 finishing 14th and is a perennial competitor in IROC competition. ...more on Wikipedia about "Steve Kinser"
The United States Automobile Club (USAC) is an open-wheel auto racing sanctioning body. From 1956 to 1979 the USAC sanctioned the United States National Championship, and from 1956 to 1997 it sanctioned the Indianapolis 500. ...more on Wikipedia about "United States Automobile Club"
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