Arlington Hall was the headquarters of the US Army's Signal Intelligence Service (SIS) cryptography effort during World War II. It was named for its location in Arlington Hall Station, Arlington, Virginia—a private girls' school which was commandeered during the War. Arlington Hall was in many respects similar to Bletchley Park in England, though military and only one of two primary cryptography operations in Washington during the War (the other was the Naval Communications Annex, also housed in a commandeered private girls' school). Arlington concentrated its efforts on the Japanese systems (including PURPLE) while Bletchley Park concentrated on European combatants. Arlington Hall eventually became one of the organizations and facilities of the National Security Agency after it was created. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arlington Hall"
The B-Dienst (Beobachtungsdienst) was a German Naval codebreaking organisation During World War II, B-Dienst solved British Naval Cypher No. 3, providing intelligence for the Battle of the Atlantic, until the Admiralty introduced Naval Cypher No. 5 on 10 June 1943. B-Dienst also solved a number of merchant codes. ...more on Wikipedia about "B-Dienst"
Beaumanor Hall is a stately home with a park in the small village of Woodhouse on the edge of the Charnwood Forest, near the town of Loughborough in Leicestershire. ...more on Wikipedia about "Beaumanor Hall"
The Biuro Szyfrów ( , Polish for "Cipher Bureau") was the Polish agency concerned with cryptology between World Wars I and II. The Bureau enjoyed notable successes against Soviet cryptography during the Polish-Soviet War, helping to preserve Poland's independence. Beginning in December 1932, the Cipher Bureau broke the German Enigma cipher and overcame the ever-growing structural and operating complexities of the evolving Enigma machine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Biuro Szyfrów"
The Black Chamber, otherwise known as MI-8, was America's first peacetime cryptanalytic organization and a forerunner of the top-secret National Security Agency. ...more on Wikipedia about "Black Chamber"
Bletchley Park (BP) is a site located in the town of Bletchley, in Milton Keynes, England. During World War II, Bletchley Park was the location of the United Kingdom's codebreaking establishment. Codes and ciphers of several countries were deciphered, most famously the German Enigma. The high-level intelligence produced by Bletchley Park was codenamed Ultra. While the exact influence of Ultra on World War II is debated, it is frequently credited with hastening the defeat of Germany by two years. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bletchley Park"
CAcert.org is a community-driven Certificate Authority that issues free public key certificates to the public. (Most CAs are commercial and sell certificates for hundreds of dollars per year.) More than 39,000 users have had their identity verified and CAcert has issued over 76,000 certificates as of October 2005. ...more on Wikipedia about "CAcert"
The Central Security Service (CSS) is an agency of the United States government. It was established by Presidential Directive in 1972 to promote full partnership between the National Security Agency (NSA) and the cryptologic elements of the United States Armed Forces. ...more on Wikipedia about "Central Security Service"
The Centre for Applied Cryptographic Research (CACR) is a group of industrial representatives, professors, and students at the University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada who work and do research in the field of cryptography. ...more on Wikipedia about "Centre for Applied Cryptographic Research"
Certicom is a security company specialising in elliptic curve cryptography (ECC). The company was founded in 1985 by Scott Vanstone, Ron Mullin and Gordon Agnew, and spun off from the University of Waterloo. Its headquarters are in Mississauga, Canada. ...more on Wikipedia about "Certicom"
The Communications Security Establishment (CSE) is an intelligence agency of the Canadian government, charged with the duty of keeping track of foreign signals intelligence. Part of the Department of National Defence, CSE is forbidden, by law, to intercept domestic communications. When intercepting communications between a domestic and foreign source, the domestic communications are destroyed or otherwise ignored (however, after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, the CSE's powers expanded to allow the the interception of foreign communications that begin or end in Canada, as long as the other party is outside the border). CSE is bound by all Canadian Laws, including the Criminal Code, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the Privacy Act. ...more on Wikipedia about "Communications Security Establishment"
Crypto Aktiengesellschaft (Crypto AG) is a Swiss company specialising in communications and information security. Based originally in Zug, the company has had a long history of manufacturing a wide variety of cipher devices. The compay also has offices in Abu Dhabi, Argentina, Côte d'Ivoire, Malaysia, Oman, and Saudi Arabia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Crypto AG"
Cryptome is a controversial website, hosted in the United States by its owner John Young, that functions as a repository for information that is prohibited or suppressed by various governments. According to his website, John Young is a former architect from New York City. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cryptome"
Defence Signals Directorate (DSD) is an Australian government intelligence agency responsible for signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information security (INFOSEC). ...more on Wikipedia about "Defence Signals Directorate"
ECRYPT (European Network of Excellence for Cryptology) is a 4-year European research initiative launched on 1 February, 2004. ...more on Wikipedia about "ECRYPT"
Entrust ( ) is a Canadian company and a spinoff of Nortel. Its central product is a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), which Entrust uses as the basis for the development of secure messaging, identity management, and authentication solutions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Entrust"
The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is a British intelligence agency responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance. GCHQ provides the UK government and armed forces with signals intelligence as required under the guidance of the Joint Intelligence Committee in support of government policies. The Communications-Electronics Security Group (CESG) is the branch of GCHQ which works to secure the communications and information systems of government and critical parts of UK national infrastructure. ...more on Wikipedia about "Government Communications Headquarters"
HID Corporation is a major manufacturer of contactless access control solutions. Its headquarters are in Irvine, California with regional offices in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Their european operations are based in Haverhill, England, with regional offices in France, Germany, and the Netherlands. Hong Kong is their base for operations in Asia and the Pacific region with offices in China, Korea, Singapore, Australia, and Tokyo. ...more on Wikipedia about "HID (company)"
Hut 6 was a wartime section of Bletchley Park tasked with the solution of German Army and Air Force Enigma machine ciphers. Hut 8, by contrast, attacked Naval Enigma. Hut 6 was established at the initiative of Gordon Welchman. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hut 6"
The International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR) is a non-profit scientific organization whose purpose is to further research in cryptology and related fields. The IACR sponsors some of the major conferences and workshops in the field of cryptography, publishes the Journal of Cryptology, and maintains the Cryptology ePrint Archive. ...more on Wikipedia about "International Association for Cryptologic Research"
MI8, or Military Intelligence, section 8, was a British signals intelligence group in World War II. Also known as the Radio Security Service, it tracked radio broadcasts about German bombers during The Blitz. ...more on Wikipedia about "MI8" Made by www.shortopedia.com.
The United States National Cryptologic Museum is museum of cryptography history, affiliated with the National Security Agency (NSA). Located at , adjacent to NSA Headquarters, Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, the museum collection contains thousands of artifacts and displays covering the history of American cryptology and of the people, machines, techniques and locations concerned. ...more on Wikipedia about "National Cryptologic Museum"
OP-20-G was a US Navy codebreaking section. It began with a secret slush fund of US$100,000 in 1918. Officers went to Tokyo to learn Japanese and in the 1920s, listening posts were established. OP-20-G, the Washington codebreaking office, was established in 1931, and began as the Research Desk established by Commander Laurance Safford. Progress was limited by the Navy's regulation of keeping officers on land no more than two years and by such an extreme secrecy that even the Army didn't know of intercept stations a few miles from their own. ...more on Wikipedia about "OP-20-G"
PC Bruno was a Polish- French intelligence station that operated outside Paris during World War II. German ciphers were decrypted there, most notably messages enciphered on the Enigma machine. ("PC" was an abbreviation for the French term Poste de Commandement — "Command Post.") ...more on Wikipedia about "PC Bruno"
PGP Corporation is the current owner of the Pretty Good Privacy codebase, which was originally developed by Phil Zimmermann. PGP Corporation acquired the code and rights to the name from Network Associates (NAI) in 2002. The company recently released version 9 of the software. ...more on Wikipedia about "PGP Corporation"
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