The People's Republic of China currently uses capital punishment for a variety of crimes, ranging from tax evasion, corruption and racketeering to murder. ...more on Wikipedia about "Capital punishment in the People's Republic of China"
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì) is the highest authority within the Communist Party of China between Party Congresses. In Chinese the committee is sometimes known as the three middle because there are three middles in the Chinese name of the committee. ...more on Wikipedia about "Central Committee of the Communist Party of China"
The Central People's Government is the central government of the People's Republic of China in Beijing. ...more on Wikipedia about "Central People's Government"
The Chairman of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党主席 pinyin: Zhōngguo´ Go`ngchǎndǎng Zhǔxi´), was the most powerful position in the Communist Party of China until the death of Mao. While Hua Guofeng succeeded Mao in the role, he was unable to consolidate power and it was actually Vice-Chairman Deng Xiaoping who, by 1978, was the paramount figure in the People's Republic of China. The position was abolished in 1982 making the General Secretary the most powerful position in the party. It had been held by: ...more on Wikipedia about "Chairman of the Communist Party of China"
Proponents of Taiwan independence claim that if the government in Taiwan were formally to renounce its claim to be also the government of mainland China and outer Mongolia, and rename itself the Republic of Taiwan, this new state could then be admitted to the UN. They assert that if Taiwan were to take this step, the international community would be placed in a difficult position, caught between the PRC's internationally recognised claim that Taiwan is a province of China and the right of the people of Taiwan to self-determination. The resolutions proposing ROC representation since 1991 make it clear that it no longer seeks to represent all of China, but only the 23 million people of Taiwan. In the bids to join the UN under President Lee Teng-hui, the ROC called itself the "Republic of China on Taiwan." Under Chen Shui-bian, the designation has been "Republic of China (Taiwan)," and there are calls to enter as just "Taiwan." On November 15, 2004, Chen declared he would push to get the ROC included in the United Nations under the name Taiwan. He was quoted saying that "Taiwan is a sovereign state, should join the United Nations in the name of Taiwan". ...more on Wikipedia about "China and the United Nations"
In United States politics, the China lobby refers to any special interest group acting on behalf of a Chinese government to influence Sino-American relations. During most of the twentieth century, the term "China lobby" was usually used to refer to special interest groups acting on behalf of the Republic of China (ROC). Before American recognition of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1979, the PRC lobby was practically nonexistent; since that time, the PRC lobby has gradually strengthened, and by the 1990s, "China lobby" began usually referring to special interest groups acting on behalf of the PRC. Ironically, the primary competitor of the China lobby has often been the "other" China lobby, the lobbyists acting on behalf of the other Chinese government. ...more on Wikipedia about "China lobby"
The China News Service (中国新闻社;) is the second largest news agency in the People's Republic of China. (The Xinhua News Agency is largest.) ...more on Wikipedia about "China News Service"
The Chinese Academy of Sciences ( Chinese: 中国科学院; pinyin: Zhōngguó Kēxuéyuàn), formerly known as Academia Sinica (not to be confused with the Academia Sinica currently headquartered in Taipei), is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China. It is an institution of the State Council of China. It is headquartered in Beijing, with institutes all over China. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chinese Academy of Sciences"
The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (中国社会科学院; pinyin: Zhōngguó Shèhuì Kēxuéyuàn) is the national academy of the People's Republic of China for the social sciences. It is an institution of the State Council of China. It was founded in May of 1977. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chinese Academy of Social Sciences"
The Chinese democracy movement ( Chinese: 中國民主運動 Pinyin: Zhōngguó Mínzhúyùndòng) is a loosely organized political movement in the People's Republic of China against continued one-party rule by the Communist Party of China. The movement began during Beijing Spring in 1978 and was important in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. In the 1990s, the movement underwent a sharp decline both within China and overseas, and is currently fragmented and not considered by most analysts to be a serious threat to power to the Chinese government. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chinese democracy movement"
Chinese economic reform ( Chinese: 改革开放; pinyin: Găigé kāifàng) refers to the program of economic changes called " Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the mainland of the People's Republic of China (PRC) that were started in 1978 by pragmatists within the Communist Party of China (CPC) led by Deng Xiaoping and are ongoing as of the early 21st century. The goal of Chinese economic reform was to generate sufficient surplus value to finance the modernization of the mainland Chinese economy. Neither the socialist command economy, favored by CPC conservatives, nor the Maoist attempt at a Great Leap Forward from socialism to communism in agriculture (with the commune system) had generated sufficient surplus value for these purposes. The initial challenge of economic reform was to solve the problems of motivating workers and farmers to produce a larger surplus and to eliminate economic imbalances that were common in command economies. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chinese economic reform"
Chinese house churches are unregistered Christian churches in the People's Republic of China, which operate independently of the government-run Three-Self Patriotic Movement (TSPM) and China Christian Council (CCC) for Protestant groups and the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association (CCPA) and the Chinese Catholic Bishops Council (CCBC) for Catholics. They are also known as the "Underground" Church or the "Unofficial" Church, although this is somewhat of a misnomer as they are collections of unrelated individual churches rather than a single unified church. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chinese house church"
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference ( Chinese: 中国人民政治协商会议 Pinyin: Zhongguo renmin zhengzhi xieshang huiyi, shortened 全国政协, Quanguo Zhengxie), abbreviated CPPCC, is a political advisory body in the People's Republic of China. The organization consists of both Party members and non-Party members, who discuss Chinese communism's principles, and occasionally, create new government organizations. The members are chosen by the Communist Party of China, but are from a somewhat broader range of people than normally chosen for government office. In particular, the CPPCC contains members from the United Front parties allied with the CPC and non-Party members. The CPPCC typically holds a yearly meeting at the same time as plenary sessions of the National People's Congress. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference"
Chinese (re)unification ( ) is a goal of Chinese nationalism that refers to the reunification of all of " China" under a single political entity. As Hong Kong and Macau have been reunited with mainland China under the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China, the only outstanding issue under active debate is between the mainland and Taiwan (and the islands of the Pescadores, Quemoy, Matsu), which have continued to be administered by the Republic of China. The two sides have been separated since the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949 when the victorious Communists founded the People's Republic of China in mainland China while the defeated Nationalists retreated to Taiwan, which had been returned from Japan in 1945. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chinese reunification"
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The General Administration of Civil Aviation of China (中国民用航空总局, Pinyin: Zhōngguó Mínyòng Hángkōng Zǒngjú), most widely recognized by the initials CAAC, is an administrative body under the State Council of the People's Republic of China that oversees civil aviation in mainland China. ...more on Wikipedia about "Civil Aviation Administration of China"
The civil service of the People's Republic of China consists of civil servants of all levels who run the day-to-day affairs in mainland China. ...more on Wikipedia about "Civil service of the People's Republic of China"
The Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense or COSTIND is a civilian ministry within the State Council of the People's Republic of China, responsible for setting policy for defense procurement. The ministry was formed in 198? to centralize Chinese defense procurement and technology whose responsiblity had been distributed among several agencies. ...more on Wikipedia about "Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense"
Telephones - main lines in use: ...more on Wikipedia about "Communications in the People's Republic of China"
The Communist Party of China (CPC) or Chinese Communist Party (CCP) ( ) is the ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. The party was founded in 1921, and fought the Kuomintang during the Chinese Civil War. With more than 63 million members, the CPC is the largest party in the world. ...more on Wikipedia about "Communist Party of China"
The Communist Youth League of China (中国共产主义青年团; abbr. 共青团) is an all-purpose club/youth movement for Communist Party of China members. The league is organized on the party pattern. Its leader is identified as first secretary and member of the party's Central Committee. The Communist Youth League was responsible also for guiding the activities of the Communist Young Pioneers (for children below the age of fifteen). ...more on Wikipedia about "Communist Youth League"
The Constitution of the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国宪法; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Xiànfǎ) is the highest law within the People's Republic of China. The current version was adopted by the National People's Congress on December 4, 1982 with further revisions in 1988, 1993, 1999, and 2004. Three previous state constitutions--those of 1954, 1975, and 1978--were superseded in turn. The Constitution has five sections: the preamble, general principles, the fundamental rights and duties of citizens, the structure of the state, and the national flag and emblems of state. ...more on Wikipedia about "Constitution of the People's Republic of China"
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The Cox Report is a classified U.S. government document reporting on People's Republic of China's covert operations in the United States, focusing on PRC spies' theft of design information on the U.S.'s most advanced thermonuclear weapons. A declassified version of the report, which was released on January 3, 1999, may be found here . ...more on Wikipedia about "Cox report"
The Economy of the People's Republic of China is the second largest in the world when measured by purchasing power parity, with a GDP (PPP) of US $7.124 trillion in 2004. When measured in USD- exchange rate terms, it was the 6th largest in the world in 2004 with a GDP of US$1,929.21 billion, leapfrogging to the 4th largest in 2005 with approximately US$2.18 trillion. It is the world's largest developing economy, and its continued growth is critical to the overall health of the world economy and to the welfare of its population of 1.3 billion (most of whom have yet to enjoy western style affluence). Its per capita GDP was approximatly US$1,665 in 2005. ...more on Wikipedia about "Economy of the People's Republic of China"
The Eight Immortals were a group of elderly members of the Communist Party of China who held substantial power during the 1980s and 1990s. In Chinese, however, they are called instead the Eight Great Eminent Officials (八大元老 in pinyin: bā dà yuán lǎo), abbreviated as the Eight Elders (八老 bā lǎo). By 2000 most of the Immortals had died. ...more on Wikipedia about "Eight Immortals of Communist China"
The Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Ottawa is the embassy of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in Ottawa, Canada. The PRC purchased the building at St. Patrick Street in 1972, soon after diplomatic relations were restored between Canada and the PRC. The structure had been built by the Sisters of Good Shepherd who had used it as a convent for several decades. The PRC government paid some $1.6 million for it. In the mid- 1980s a major expansion of the structure was completed. The embassy is located in the Lower Town neighbourhood with the rear of the embassy looking out on the Rideau River ...more on Wikipedia about "Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Ottawa"
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