Mitra or Mithra or Mithras is an important deity of Persian and Indic culture; he appears in the Vedas as one of the Adityas, a solar deity and the god of honesty, friendship, contracts and meetings. In Persian civilization, where his name was rendered as Mithra, he later came into increased prominence as a major deity of Zoroastrianism. He can be identified with a proto-Indo-Persian deity whose name can be reconstructed as *Mitra. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mitra"
In Persian and Islamic mythology, Peris (in Persian پری Pari) are descended from fallen angels who have been denied paradise until they have done penance. In earlier sources they are described as agents of evil; later, they are benevolent. They are beautiful, exquisite winged, fairy-like creature ranking between angels and evil spirits who sometimes visit the realm of mortals. ...more on Wikipedia about "Peri"
The beliefs and practices of the culturally and linguistically related group of ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian Plateau and its borderlands, as well as areas of Central Asia from the Black Sea to Khotan (modern Ho-t'ien, China), form Persian mythology. ...more on Wikipedia about "Persian mythology"
The Qârun Treasure (the treasure of Croesus) is a mythical treasure in the Persian literature belonging to the proverbial wealthy King Croesus of Lydia. It is said to be in perpetual motion under the ground. ...more on Wikipedia about "Qarun Treasure"
A roc or rukh (from Persian رخ rokh) is a mythical white bird of enormous size and strength that is reputed to have been able to lift and eat elephants. ...more on Wikipedia about "Roc"
Roham ( رهام in Persian )is a hero in Ferdosi's Shahnama, He is sun of Goodarz( گودرز in Persian ) who defeated Baarmaan( بارمان in Persian ) in battle of Davazdahrokh( دوازده رخ in Persian ) . ...more on Wikipedia about "Roham"
Rostam (رستم Rostæm in Persian) is a mythical warrior of ancient Persia, son of Zal and Rudaba. In some ways, the position of Rustam in the historical tradition is curiously parallel to that of Surena, the hero of the Carrhae. His figure was endowed with many features of the historical personality of Rustam. The latter was always represented as the mightiest of Iranian paladins, and the atmosphere of the episodes in which he features is strongly reminiscent of the Ashkanian period. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rostam"
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Rostam Farrokhzād (رستم فرّخزاد in Persian) was the Eran Spahbod (commander) of the Sāsānian Empire's armed forced under the reign of Yazdgird III, r. 632 - 651. Originally from Armenia (one of the provinces of the Persian empire), both he and his brother served aptly and loyally. Indeed, Yazdgird sent Rostam himself to lead a massive Persian force to confront an Arab-Muslim army that had slowly been penetrating the south-western frontiers. Although Rostam held doubts as to the potential success of his mission (including several premonitious dreams), he accepted Yazdgird's order and met the invading Muslim army near the banks of the Euphrates River at the plains of al-Qādisiyyah. During the course of the three-day battle that ensued, one fighter even succeeded in capturing and beheading Rostam himself, and a terrible rout of the Persian army ensued. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rostam Farrokhzād"
The four Royal stars or Guardians of the Sky were a group of stars noticed by the Persian astrologers around 3000 BC and used as a rudimentary season calendar. ...more on Wikipedia about "Royal stars"
Rudaba or Roodabeh (رودابه in Persia) was Daughter of Mehrab Kaboli. She married to Zal. They had two children, Rostam and Zuara. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rudaba"
Scheherazade or Shahrazad ( Persian: شهرزاد Shahrzad) is the ( fictional) storyteller of The Book of One Thousand and One Nights. ...more on Wikipedia about "Scheherazade"
The Shahnama was written by Ferdowsi around 1000 AD. It is considered the national epic of Iran ( Persia) and is a classic of world literature. It is based mainly on an earlier prose version which itself was a compilation of old Iranian stories and historical facts and fables. The language used in composing the Shahnama is pure Persian with very few Arabic loanwords used. ...more on Wikipedia about "Shahnama"
The Shahnama شاهنامه (The Book of Kings or The Epic of Kings, also written Shahnameh), written by Ferdowsi around 1000 AD, is the national epic of Iran ( Persia) and tells the mythical and historical past of Iran from the creation of the world up until the country's Islamization in the 7th century. This masterpiece of world literature is not only of utmost literary importance but has been groundbreaking for the development of the Persian language, and constitutes a monument in the cultural heritage of Iran. ...more on Wikipedia about "Shahnameh"
Shahryar or Shahriar or Shahriyar or Schahryar ( Persian: شهريار, meaning The Great King) is the fictional Sassanid king in The Book of One Thousand and One Nights, who is told stories by Scheherazade. He ruled over an empire from Persia to India, over all the adjacent islands and a great way beyond the Ganges as far as China. Shahryar’s younger brother, Shah Zaman or Shaw-zummaun, ruled over Samarkand. ...more on Wikipedia about "Shahryar"
Shamshir-e Zomorrodnegar (Persian: شمشیر زمردنگار) "The emerald-studded Sword" is a sword in the Persian mythical story Amir Arsalan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Shamshir-e Zomorrodnegar"
Simurgh (in Persian سيمرغ ) or Sênmurw in Middle-Persian (Pahlavi) also known as Sîna-Mrû (Pâzand), is a fabulous, mythical bird in Persian mythology. ...more on Wikipedia about "Simurgh"
Sohrab or Suhrab is one of Shahnama's characters. He was son of Rostam (Shahnama's greatest hero) and Tahmineh (daughter of the king of Samangan). He was born and grown up in Samangan ( Samangan Province in today Afghanistan), whilst his father was in Iran. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sohrab"
The Book of One Thousand and One Nights ( Arabic: كتاب ألف ليلة و ليلة Kitāb 'Alf Layla wa-Layla, Persian: هزار و یک شب Hazâr-o Yak Šab) is a piece of medieval Middle-Eastern literature in the style of a frame tale. The nucleus of these stories is formed by an old Persian book called Hazâr Afsâna ('Thousand Myths', Persian: هزارافسانه). The later compiler and translator into Arabic is reputedly storyteller Abu abd-Allah Muhammed el-Gahshigar in the 9th century. The frame-story of Shahrazad seems to have been added in the 14th century. The first modern Arabic compilation, made out of Egyptian writings, was published in Cairo in 1835. The compilation is known in English under various titles: The book of a Thousand Nights and a Night (an overliteral translation of the Arabic), 1001 Arabian Nights, or simply the Arabian Nights, ...more on Wikipedia about "The Book of One Thousand and One Nights"
The Cup of Jamshid, (or the Cup of Djemscheed or Jaam-e Jam, in Persian: جام جم) is a cup of divination, which according to legend was long possessed by rulers of ancient Persia. It was said to be filled with an elixir of immortality. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Cup of Jamshid"
Thraetaona (or Traetaona) is a heroic character in Zoroastrianism and Persian mythology who overthrew Azhi Dahaka, chaining him to the mouth of a volcano. Thraetaona has many traits that include him in the archetype generally associated with Christ, Hercules in Greek mythology, Trita, and Ivan Trety. ...more on Wikipedia about "Thraetaona"
Zabulistan, a historical region in central Asia, in the border area of the today's States of Iran and Afghanistan, between the cities Farah (Afghanistan) and Zahedan (Iran). The name probably covered Antique ones in that a much larger area, because also a province of Afghanistan (at the border to Pakistan) at the foot of the Hindukush is called Zabul. According to the Persian mythology Zabulistan was the native country of the Iranian people hero Rostam. ...more on Wikipedia about "Zabulistan"
Zahak, Zahhak, Zahak-e Tāzi or (Arab Zahak) also knwon as Bivar-Asp, which means "[he who has] 10,000 ...more on Wikipedia about "Zahak"
Zål (زال in Persian) was a mythical warrior of ancient Iran. He was an albino, and his name is used in Persian to refer to those who suffer from albinism. His wife was Rudaba; their child was the great hero Rostam. Zal was the son of Saam and the grandson of Nariman, both heros of ancient Iran and protectors of "Iran-zamin". ...more on Wikipedia about "Zal"
In Persian mythology, Zarik (or Zarich) is an evil spirit that serves his creator, Ahriman. ...more on Wikipedia about "Zarik"
In Akkadian mythology, Zu (called Anzu in Persia and Sumer) was a lesser god, the son of the bird goddess Siris. Both Zu and Siris are seen as massive birds who can breathe fire and water, although Zu is alternately seen as a lion-headed eagle (compare with the griffin). ...more on Wikipedia about "Zu (god)"
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