The Australian Drug Evaluation Committee or ADEC, is a committee that provides independent scientific advice to the Australian Government regarding therapeutic drugs. The committee was originally formed in 1963 and more recently authorised under the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cth) as part of the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA). ...more on Wikipedia about "Australian Drug Evaluation Committee"
The Chilean Pharmaceutical Policy was an attempt in the 1960s and 70s to introduce a rational National pharmaceuticals policy. Chile was perhaps the first country in the world to introduce the concept of a limited number of essential drugs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chilean pharmaceutical policy"
A generic drug (pl. generic drugs, short: generics) is a drug which is bioequivalent to a brand name drug with respect to pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties, but is normally sold for a lower price. Generic medicines must contain the same active ingredient at the same strength as the "innovator" brand, be bioequivalent, and are required to meet the same pharmacopoeial requirements for the preparation. By extension, therefore, generics are identical in dose, strength, route of administration, safety, efficacy, and intended use. ...more on Wikipedia about "Generic drug"
Medicare Part D, part of Medicare (United States), is a prescription drug plan ** for the elderly and disabled in the USA. It was enacted as part of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA). The plan started on January 1, 2006. ...more on Wikipedia about "Medicare Part D"
The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (Public Law 108-173) is a law of the United States which was passed in 2003. It produced the largest overhaul of Medicare in its 38-year history. It calls for spending $395 billion in its first decade. Its passage, after nearly six years of debate and negotiaton in Congress, came after crucial support from the AARP. It was signed by President George W. Bush on December 8, 2003, after barely passing in Congress. ...more on Wikipedia about "Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act"
The National Drug Code (NDC) System provides a directory of selected over-the-counter agents, insulin formulations, and prescription drug products, and herbal drugs distributed in the United States. Originally, the system was established by Medicare as part of an outpatient drug reimbursement program and a method to identify drugs during commercial distribution. It now enjoys a more widespread application; however products may not be included in the directory if the firm has not communicated the most recent status to the FDA (e.g., drug has been discontinued). Data in the NDC are updated quarterly (March, June, September, and December). The FDA requires firms to submit updated registered drug lists in June or December of each year (or sooner as new information about a drug becomes available to the firm). ...more on Wikipedia about "National Drug Code System"
* 'Draft National Medical Drug Policy for Sri Lanka', Health Sector Response ...more on Wikipedia about "National Medicinal Drugs Policy"
A National Pharmaceuticals Policy is one that aims at ensuring that people get good quality drugs at the lowest possible price, and that doctors prescribe the minimum of required drugs in order to treat the patient's illness. The pioneers in this field were Chile and Sri Lanka. ...more on Wikipedia about "National pharmaceuticals policy"
The National Prescribing Service Limited or NPS is an independent provider of medical information in Australia. Their mission is to support the safe and effective use of medicines. They are a leading advocate for the Quality Use of Medicines (QUM), providing evidence-based information and services to health professionals and the community. ...more on Wikipedia about "National Prescribing Service"
The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme or PBS is a programme of the Australian Government that provides heavily subsidised prescription drugs to residents of Australia. The PBS ensures that all Australians have affordable and reliable access to a wide range of necessary medicines. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme"
A pharmaceutical company (or drug company) is a company licensed to discover, develop, market and distribute drugs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pharmaceutical company"
Pharmaceutical marketing is the business of selling pharmaceuticals or drugs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pharmaceutical marketing"
(Pharmaceuticals (China)) ==Overview of Chinese pharmaceutical industry== ...more on Wikipedia about "Pharmaceuticals (China)"
Prescription drug prices for single-source brand name drugs in the United States are significantly higher than in Canada and other countries, many of which have price controls. Prices for generically available drugs tend to be higher in Canada. Many older Americans travel to Canada, or order their medicine online from Canadian pharmacies, in order to save 50% or more on necessary drugs. The drug companies argue that they need high prices in the US, in order to fund to continuing drug research. Prescription drug prices, in particular as part of Medicare, have become a political issue in the United States. ...more on Wikipedia about "Prescription drug prices in the United States"
Seneka Bibile ( 13 February 1920 – 29 September 1977) was a Sri Lankan pharmacologist. He was the founder of Sri Lanka’s drug policy , which was used as a model for development of policies based on rational pharmaceutical use in other countries as well by the WHO, UNCTAD and the Non Aligned Movement. He has been called the 'greatest medical benefactor of humanity that Sri Lanka has hitherto produced'. ...more on Wikipedia about "Seneka Bibile"
The Sri Lanka National Pharmaceuticals Policy was established in the 1970s following the submission of a report by Dr S.A. Wickremasinghe and Prof. Seneka Bibile. It aimed at ensuring that people get good quality drugs at the lowest possible price and that doctors would prescribe the minimum required drugs to treat the patient's illness. It was a pioneer in the field of rational National pharmaceuticals policy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sri Lanka National Pharmaceuticals Policy"
The State Pharmaceuticals Corporation (SPC) is a state-owned enterprise with its headquarters in Colombo, Sri Lanka. It is the largest supplier of drugs in the country, and is tasked with providing quality-assured health care items that are safe and effective, at an affordable price, while educating the public on the rational use of drugs. It employees about 600 staff. ...more on Wikipedia about "State Pharmaceuticals Corporation of Sri Lanka"
The Constant Gardener is a 2001 novel by John le Carré. It tells the story of Justin Quayle, who finds his wife murdered and seeks to uncover the reasons behind her death. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Constant Gardener"
The Therapeutic Goods Administration or TGA is the regulatory body for drugs and therapeutic goods in Australia. It is a unit of the Australian Department of Health and Ageing established under the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cth). The TGA is reponsible for conducting assessment and monitoring activities to ensure that therapeutic goods available in Australia are of an acceptable standard and that access to therapeutic advances is in a timely manner. ...more on Wikipedia about "Therapeutic Goods Administration"
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