Acoustic phonetics is a subfield of phonetics which deals with acoustic aspects of speech sounds. Acoustic phonetics investigates properties like the mean squared amplitude of a waveform, its duration, its fundamental frequency, or other properties of its frequency spectrum, and the relationship of these properties to other branches of phonetics (e.g. articulatory or auditory phonetics), and to abstract linguistic concepts like phones, phrases, or utterances. ...more on Wikipedia about "Acoustic phonetics"
In phonetics, an allophone is one of several similar phones that belong to the same phoneme. A phone is a sound that has a definite shape as a sound wave, while a phoneme is a basic group of sounds that can distinguish words (i.e. changing one phoneme in a word can produce another word); speakers of a particular language perceive a phoneme as a single distinctive sound in that language. Thus an allophone is a phone considered as a member of one phoneme. ...more on Wikipedia about "Allophone"
An allophonic rule is a phonological rule that says which allophone realizes a phoneme in a given phonemic environment. In other words, an allophonic rule is a rule that converts the phonemes in a phonemic transcription into the allophones of the corresponding phonetic transcription. Every dialect has a set of allophonic rules. ...more on Wikipedia about "Allophonic rule"
An alveolar ridge is one of the two jaw ridges either on the roof of the mouth between the upper teeth and the hard palate or on the bottom of the mouth behind the lower teeth. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alveolar ridge"
An anaptyxis is a type of epenthesis, specifically a phonetic or phonological change involving insertion of a vowel to ease pronunciation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anaptyxis"
Aphesis, Apheresis, Aphaeresis(from Greek apo- away, and hairein to take) is the removal of an initial, usually unstressed vowel or a syllable of a word. As such, it is a form of metaplasm and elision. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aphesis"
The field of articulatory phonetics is a subfield of phonetics. In studying articulation, the phonetician is attempting to document how we produce speech sounds. That is, articulatory phoneticians are interested in how the different structures of the vocal tract, called the articulators (tongue, lips, jaw, palate, teeth etc.), interact to create the specific sounds. ...more on Wikipedia about "Articulatory phonetics" This article is made on www.shortopedia.com
In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of air that accompanies the release of some obstruents. To feel or see the difference between aspirated and unaspirated sounds, put your hand or a lit candle in front of your mouth, and say top and then stop. You should either feel a puff of air or see a flicker of the candle flame with top that you do not get with stop. In English, the t should be aspirated in top and unaspirated in stop. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aspiration (phonetics)"
Assimilation is a regular and frequent sound change process by which a phoneme changes to match an adjacent phoneme in a word. A common example of assimilation is vowels being 'nasalized' before nasal consonants as it is difficult to change the shape of the mouth sufficiently quickly. ...more on Wikipedia about "Assimilation (linguistics)"
Auditory phonetics is a branch of phonetics concerned with the hearing, acquisition and comprehension of phonetic sounds of words of a language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Auditory phonetics"
Brei is a strong uvular "r" sound for example in Afrikaans. ...more on Wikipedia about "Brei"
In English phonetics and phonology, checked vowels are those that usually must be followed by a consonant in a stressed syllable, while free vowels are those that may stand in a stressed open syllable with no following consonant. ...more on Wikipedia about "Checked and free vowels"
In phonetics, clipping is the process of shortening the articulation of a phonetic segment, usually a vowel. A clipped vowel is pronounced more quickly than an unclipped vowel, and these clipped vowels are often also reduced. In English, clipping without vowel reduction most often occurs in a stressed syllable before a voiceless consonant, and clipping with vowel reduction occurs in many unstressed syllables. ...more on Wikipedia about "Clipping (phonetics)"
Co-articulated consonants are consonants produced with two simultaneous places of articulation. They may be divided into two classes, doubly articulated consonants with two primary places of articulation of the same manner (both plosive, or both nasal, etc.), and consonants with secondary articulation, that is, a second articulation not of the same manner. ...more on Wikipedia about "Co-articulated consonant"
Coarticulation in phonetics refers to two different phenomena: ...more on Wikipedia about "Coarticulation"
In linguistics, a consonant cluster is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel. In English, the groups and are consonant clusters in the word splits. Some linguists argue that consonant clusters should be restricted to those that occur within one syllable. Others believe that consonant clusters are more useful as a definition when they may occur across syllable boundaries. According to the former definition the longest consonant cluster in the word extra would be /str/ whereas the latter allows /kstr/. The German word Angstschweiss is another good example. ...more on Wikipedia about "Consonant cluster"
A continuant is a sound produced with an incomplete closure of the vocal tract. That is, any sound except a stop (plosive or nasal). An affricate is considered to be both stop and continuant. ...more on Wikipedia about "Continuant"
In phonetics, denasalization is the loss of nasal airflow in a nasal stop or nasal vowel. This may be due to speech pathology, but also occurs when the sinuses are blocked from a cold, in which case it is called a ' nasal voice'. (The latter is not a linguistic term.) The symbol for this in the Extended IPA is . ...more on Wikipedia about "Denasal"
Diction is the art of enunciating with clarity, or speaking in such a way that each word is clearly heard. It is concerned with pronunciation, enunciation, and choice of words to be used. ...more on Wikipedia about "Diction"
In phonetics, a dorso-velar consonant is one in which the airstream through the mouth is blocked or constricted between the upper surface of the tongue (the dorsum) and the back of the hard palate (the velum). Examples of dorso-velar consonants are k as in kiss, g as in give, and ng as in sing. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dorso-velar"
In phonetics, downdrift is the cumulative lowering of pitch over time due to interactions among tones in a tonal language. It is distinct from the general lowering of the pitch during prosodic contours of a tonal or non-tonal language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Downdrift"
In phonetics, downstep is a phonemic or phonetic downward shift of tone between the syllables or words of a tonal language. It is best known in the languages of West Africa, but the pitch accent of Japanese (a non-tonal language) is quite similar to downstep in Africa. Downstep contrasts with the much rarer upstep. The symbol for downstep in the International Phonetic Alphabet is a superscript down arrow, ↓, which is not yet supported by Unicode. It is common to see a superscript exclamation mark, !, used instead. ...more on Wikipedia about "Downstep (phonetics)"
"Emphatic consonant" is a somewhat imprecise term commonly used in Semitic linguistics to describe pharyngealized or velarized, and ejective consonants, or consonants that historically had one of these properties. It is also used, to a lesser extent, in describing the phonology of other Afro-Asiatic languages, notably Berber. They are commonly transcribed in the Latin alphabet by adding a dot under the consonant. Within Arabic, the emphatic consonants vary in phonetic realization from dialect to dialect, but are typically realized as pharyngealized consonants. Within Ethiopian languages, they are realized as ejective consonants. While these sounds do not necessarily share any particular phonetic properties in common, historically most derive from a common source. ...more on Wikipedia about "Emphatic consonant"
Enunciation is the act of speaking clearly and concisely. The opposite of enunciation is mumbling or slurring. ...more on Wikipedia about "Enunciation"
(Excrescent) Examples: ...more on Wikipedia about "Excrescent" http://www.shortopedia.com , this is it! shortopedia
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