A block plane is a tool for woodworking which typically has the iron bedded at a lower angle than other planes, with the bevel up. It is designed to cut end grain and is typically small enough to be used with one hand. ...more on Wikipedia about "Block plane"
A jack plane is the general-purpose bench plane, used for general smoothing and sizing of wood. Jack planes are about 15 inches long, and the blade usually has a moderately curved edge. In preparing stock, the jack plane is used after the scrub plane and before the smooth plane. The name is related to the saying "jack of all trades". ...more on Wikipedia about "Jack plane"
The Japanese plane or is a plane made from a block of hardwood with a shaped hole which takes the blade and chip breaker. The apparently simple design disguises a great deal of complexity. ...more on Wikipedia about "Japanese plane"
The jointer plane (also known as the try plane or trying plane) is a type of hand plane used primarily to straighten the edges of boards in the operation known as jointing. A jointer plane may also be used to flatten the face of a board. It's long length is designed to 'ride over' the undulations of an uneven surface, skimming off the peaks, gradually creating a flat surface. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jointer plane"
A plane is a tool for shaping wood. Planes are used to flatten, reduce the thickness of, and impart a smooth surface to a rough piece of lumber. Special types of planes are designed to cut joints or decorative mouldings. ...more on Wikipedia about "Plane (tool)"
The rebate plane (also known as the rabbet plane) is a hand plane designed for cutting rebates in wood. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rebate plane"
The scrub plane is a type of plane used to remove large amounts of wood, such as eliminating cup or twist in the first stages of preparing rough stock, or when reducing the thickness of a board significantly. Scrub planes generally have a short soles, a relatively narrow but thick blade, a very wide mouth, and a deeply curved edge (of about a 3 inch radius) to make a deep, gouging cut. A scrub plane is generally used in diagonal strokes across the face of a board, rather than parallel to the length of the board (along the grain) as with most other bench planes. In thicknessing or preparing rough stock, the scrub plane is usually followed by the jack plane, jointer plane, then smooth plane. Its function in modern woodworking has been largely replaced by power tools such as the thickness planer. ...more on Wikipedia about "Scrub plane"
The shoulder plane is like a rebate plane, in that the blade extends, therefore cuts, to the full width of the tool. The shoulder plane is used to trim the shoulders and faces of tenons. It is used when it is necessary to trim right into the concave corner where two surfaces of the same piece of wood meet perpendicularly. ...more on Wikipedia about "Shoulder plane"
A smoothing plane or smooth plane is a type of bench plane used in woodworking. The smoothing plane is typically the last plane used on a wood surface before scraping and sanding. The smoothing plane is typically 8 to 10 inches long, has a tight mouth and is held with both hands. The iron of the smoothing plane is generally sharpened straight across or with a slightly arched cutting edge (or at least with rounded corners) to prevent unsightly grooves from being gouged in the wood surface as it is planed. ...more on Wikipedia about "Smoothing plane"
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