Abai Ibragim Kunanbaiuli ( Kazak: Абай Ибрагим Кунанбайулы Russian: Абай Ибрагим Кунанбаев. Because of Russian influence many people know him as Abai Kunanbaev) ( August 10, 1845 - July 5, 1904) was a Kazakh poet, composer, and philosopher, as well as an important cog in the development of Kazakh as a legitimate written language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abai Kunanbaiuli"
(Abd al-Wahhab Al-Bayyati) = Biography = ...more on Wikipedia about "Abd al-Wahhab Al-Bayyati"
Abdellatif Laabi was born in 1942 in Fes, Morocco. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abdellatif Laabi"
Abdulla Goran, ( 1904- 1962) was a Kurdish poet. He undoubtedly brought about a revolution in Kurdish poetry, and is also called the father of modern Kurdish literature. At this time Kurdish poetry was loaded with hundreds of years of foreign heritage, especially Arabic. Goran cleared his poetry of this influence and gave it a form, rhythm, language and content which was based on Kurdish reality and Kurdish culture, nature and folkloric traditions. The Arabic meter ('urûz), much used in all Muslim Oriental poetry, was exchanged for patterns from old Kurdish folk songs, and the vocabulary was purified of Arabic and other languages. ==Life== Born Abdulla Sulaeiman in Halabja in 1904, he studied in Kirkuk. When his father and elder brother died, he left school and worked as a teacher for several years in the Hawraman region. In the 1940s when the Allies established a Radio Station in Jaffa, Goran served as Kurdish staff member. Active in the Iraqi Communist Party he was arrested and tortured many times during the period of the monarchy. Untill 1954, he was editor for the jounal Jîn (Life). In early 1959, he gained the position as editor in chief for the journal Shafaq (dawn, later changing name to Bayan). He was appointed a lecturer at the Department of Kurdish language and literature at the University of Baghdad in autumn 1960. As a member of the Iraqi Committee of peace and solidarity he often traveled to the former Soviet Union. He became ill with cancer and died in Kurdistan on November 18, 1962. ==Works== The dominant themes in Goran's poetry are his ideal of freedom and his love for Kurdistan, for women and for nature. His way of depicting nature is unique within Kurdish literature. Here and through other aspects Goran reveals a familiarity with the leading European modernist poets. Goran went through three different periods in his literary career. This is evident in both the content and the form of his poetry. First he went through a classic period following the footsteps of his predecessors. Then he went into a romantic period, where women and nature were the most dominant themes. He started to transform traditional patterns of poetry. Characteristically Goran often sees the woman in Nature and Nature in the woman as in the poem Beauty and the woman. In his mature years, Goran turned to free verse as a means of expressing his political commitment to his people's fight for freedom and the working class struggle. He exposed, in his subtle and innovative poetry, gender discrimination against women, specially honor killing. He strongly condemned honor killing in one of his poems, Berde-nûsêk (A Tomb-Stone). Throughout the last years of his writing, however, one will observe how a progressively stronger political tendency in the end overshadows and weakens the aesthethic aspects of Goran's poetry. Goran published his poems, articles and translations in majority of the Kurdish journals and newspapers between early 1930's and until his death. During his lifetime, two collections of his poetry were published, "Paradise & Memory" and Firmêsk û Huner (Tears & Art) in 1950. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abdulla Goran"
Abdulla Pashew, or Ebdulla Peşêw, is a well known Kurdish poet. He was born in 1946 in Hewlêr, Iraqi Kurdistan, he studied at the Teachers Training Institute in Hewlêr ( Erbil). He participated in the Foundation Congress of the Kurdish Writers' Union in Baghdad in 1970. In 1973 he went to the former USSR where six years later, he earned a Master of Arts in pedagogy, specializing in foreign languages. In 1984 the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences awarded him a Ph.D. in Philology. From 1985 to 1990, he lectured at Alfatih University in Libya. Since 1995 he has lived in Finland. His first poem was published in 1963, his first collection in 1967. Since then he has published 8 collections, the latest, Berew Zerdeper(Towards the Twilight), was published in Sweden in 2001. He has also translated many distinguished writers and poets, in particular Walt Whitman and A. S. Pushkin. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abdulla Pashew"
Abraham Sutzkever is a Yiddish poet. He was born in Smorgon, Lithuania and spent his childhood in Siberia. He later lived in Vilna and was in the Vilna Ghetto. He fought against the Nazis as a partisan. Moved to Moscow, then Łódź, and finally Israel. He now resides in Tel Aviv. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abraham Sutzkever"
Abu Mansur Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Daqiqi ( 935/ 942- 976/ 9801), sometimes refered to as Daqiqi (also Dakiki, Daghighi, Persian: دقیقی), was an early Persian poet from Tus, Bukhara, Samarkand or Balkh (sources vary). ...more on Wikipedia about "Abu Mansur Daqiqi"
Abu Salma (orig. Abd al-Karim al-Karmi) ( 1906- 1980) was a Palestinian poet. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abu Salma"
Abu Tammam (Habib ibn Aus) (ca. 805–ca. 845) was an Arab poet of the tribe of Tai (though some say he was the son of a Christian apothecary named Thaddeus, and that his genealogy was forged). He was born in Jasim ( Josem), Egypt, a place to the north-east of the Sea of Tiberias or near Manbij ( Hierapolis). He seems to have spent his youth in Homs, though, according to one story, he was employed during his boyhood in selling water in a mosque in Cairo. His first appearance as a poet was in Egypt, but as he failed to make a living there he went to Damascus, and then to Mosul. From there he made a visit to the governor of Armenia, who awarded him richly. After 833 he lived mostly in Baghdad, at the court of the caliph Mo'tasim. From Baghdad he visited Khorasan, where he enjoyed the favour of Abdallah ibn Tahir. About 845 he was in Ma'arrat un-Nu'man, where he met the poet al- Buhturi (ca. 820– 897). He died in Mosul. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abu Tammam"
Adela Florence Nicholson, was an Englishwoman who wrote under the pseudonym Laurence (or Lawrence) Hope. She was born on 9 April 1865 at Stoke Bishop, Gloucestershire, the second of three daughters to Colonel Arthur Cory and Fanny Elizabeth Griffin. Her father was employed in the British army at Lahore, and thus she was raised by her relatives back in England. She left for India in 1881 to join her father. Her father was editor of the Lahore arm of The Civil and Military Gazette, and it was he who in all probability gave Rudyard Kipling (a contemporary of his daughter) his first employment as a journalist. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adela Florence Nicholson"
Shihabuddin Sharaful-udaba Sabir known as Adib Sabir was a 12th century royal poet of Persia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adib Sabir"
Agustin Pio Barrios-Mangoré ( May 5- 1888- August 7, 1944) was a well known musician, poet, and theologian from Paraguay. ...more on Wikipedia about "Agustin Barrios-Mangoré"
Ahmad Meshari Al-Adwani (born 1923 in Kuwait — died 1990) was a writer and teacher who wrote Kuwait's National Anthem lyrics. In 1938, he graduated from the "al-Mubarakiyah" Secondary School, Kuwait. In 1939 he travelled to Cairo, Egypt and admitted into the College of Arabic Language Studies at the "Al-Azhar" University. In 1949 he Graduated from the "Al-Azhar" University, with the title of "Sheikh". In 1950 Al-Adwani established the monthly magazine Al-Be'thah in Cairo, with his lifelong friend and companion, Dr. Abdulaziz Hussein. Due to lack of funding, however, the magazine was stopped after only three issues. In 1952 he helped establish the "Al-Ra'ed" magazine, published by the Kuwait Teachers Club. He went on to form many other magazines throughout his life. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ahmad Meshari Al-Adwani"
Mala Ahmade Bate or Bateyi, (Mela Ehmedê Batê or Melayê Batê in Kurdish), ( 1417 – 1491), was a Kurdish poet and cleric. His real name was Hussein. He belonged to the Artushi tribe. He was born in Bate, a village in Hakkari Province, in present-day south-eastern Turkey. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ahmade Bate" Tell your friends about http://www.shortopedia.com
Akhtal (Ghiyath ibn Ghawth al-Taghlibi al-Akhtal) (c. 640- 710) was one of the most famous Arab poets of the Umayyad period. He belonged to the tribe of Taghlib in Mesopotamia, and was, like his fellow-tribesmen, a Christian, enjoying the freedom of his religion, while not taking its duties very seriously. ...more on Wikipedia about "Akhtal"
Al Motanabi is one of the biggest and most famous Arab poets. He lived in the 10th century. He was born in Lkofah, Iraq, and lived in Aleppo and Cairo. He was famous for his poems that are strong and meaningful. ...more on Wikipedia about "Al Motanabi"
Alan Seeger ( June 22, 1888 – July 4, 1916) was an American poet. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alan Seeger"
Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito Santo (born 1926, São Tomé e Príncipe), known as Alda do Espírito Santo, is a poet working in the Portuguese language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito Santo"
Aleksa Šantić ( Cyrillic: Алекса Шантић) (born May 27 1868, died February 2 1924) was a Bosnian Serb poet. He was born, brought up, lived most his life, and died in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. He attended merchant schools in Trieste, Italy and Ljubljana, Slovenia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aleksa Šantić"
Ales Debeljak ( 1961-present), is a Slovenian poet, editor, and professor of cultural studies at the University of Ljubljana. Debeljak holds a PhD in Social Thought from Syracuse University, New York. Besides cultural criticism and poetry, Debeljak also was a significant columnist in his country's largest newspaper. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ales Debeljak"
Ali Ahmad Said Asbar (alî ahmadi s-sacîdi l-'asbar or Ali Ahmad Sa'id) (born 1930), also known by the pseudonym Adonis or Adunis, is a Syrian-born poet and essayist who has made his career largely in Lebanon and France. He has written more than twenty books in his native Arabic. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ali Ahmad Said"
Alisher Navoi (also known as Navoiy, Ali Sher Navai, Ali Şir Nevai (Turkish), Nawoi; 1441- 1501) was a Central Asian poet of Uyghur heritage who lived in Herat during the 15th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alisher Navoi"
Shihabuddin Am'aq (d. 1148) was a 12th century poet of Persia. Originating from Bukhara, he was an imposing poet that carried the title amir al-shu'ara ("Amir of poets"). An excellent panegyrist and composer of elegies, he was praised by Anvari. ...more on Wikipedia about "Am'aq"
Anand Bakshi was an Indian poet and lyricist writer born in Rawalpindi on July 21, in 1930 in pre-partitoned India, which now is in Pakistan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anand Bakshi"
Andrée Chedid is a poet and novelist, born in 1920 in Cairo from Lebanese parents. When she was ten, she was sent to a boarding house, where she learned English and French. At fourteen, she left for Europe. She then returned to Cairo to go to an American university. Her dream was to become a dancer. She got married to a physician when she was twenty-two, with whom she has two children: Louis and Michèle. Her work questions human condition and what links the individual to the world. Her writing seeks to evoke the Orient, but she focuses more in denouncing the civil war that destroys Lebanon. She lives in France since 1946. Because of this diverse background, her work is truly multicultural. French is her native language and her choice for her writings. However, her first book was written in English: On the Trails of my Fancy. She has commented about her work that it is an eternal quest for humanity. ...more on Wikipedia about "Andree Chedid"
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