The Aloha Aina Party of Hawaii is a legally recognized political party of the state of Hawaii in the United States. A modern reincarnation of the Home Rule Party of Hawaii that was then led by Congressman Robert William Wilcox, the Aloha Aina Party of Hawaii was resurrected as a result of discontent of native Hawaiians with the call of Governor Benjamin J. Cayetano with the support of the Hawaii State Legislature to replace the Office of Hawaiian Affairs trustees as a result of a 2000 United States Supreme Court decision in Rice v. Cayetano. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aloha Aina Party of Hawaii"
The Best Party of Hawaii was a legally recognized political party in the state of Hawaii in the United States. It was founded by Mayor of Honolulu Frank Fasi in order to run for Governor of Hawaii in 1994 against Democrat Benjamin J. Cayetano and Republican Pat Saiki. The party's first nominated candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii was veteran news reporter from KHON, Barbara Marshall. In 2000, the Best Party of Hawaii merged with several other third parties to promote the agenda of native Hawaiian interests. ...more on Wikipedia about "Best Party of Hawaii"
The Big Five is the name given to a group of former sugarcane corporations that was considered an oligarchy in the Territory of Hawai‘i and had leaned heavily towards the Hawai‘i Republican Party. The Big Five was comprised of Castle & Cooke, Alexander & Baldwin, C. Brewer & Co., Amfac and Theo H. Davies & Co.. The extent of the power that the Big Five had was best summarized by a statement of the Attorney General of Hawai‘i in 1903, "There is a government in this Territory which is centralized to an extent unknown in the United States, and probably almost as centralized as it was in France under Louis XIV." ...more on Wikipedia about "Big Five (Hawaii)"
The Democratic Party of Hawaii is an arm of the Democratic Party of the United States in Washington, DC. Based in Honolulu, Hawai'i, the party is a central organization established for the promotion of the party platform as it is drafted in convention every other year. It is also charged with registering voters and delivering voter turnout through four major county organizations for Hawai'i, Kaua'i, Mau'i and the City & County of Honolulu. The Hawai'i Democratic Party ruled Hawai'i for over forty years, maintaining a stronghold of power with little elected opposition in the governorship and the Hawai'i State Legislature from 1962 to 2002. ...more on Wikipedia about "Democratic Party of Hawaii"
Grace Hubbard Fortescue, née Grace Hubbard Bell (born, November 3, 1883 in Washington D.C.) was the mother of Thalia Fortescue Massie. A graying woman of fair complexion, standing at 5-feet 6-inches tall and weighing 134 pounds, Grace Fortescue was charged with murder in the first degree after the death of Joseph Kahahawai, one of the defendants in the alleged rape of her daughter. Also charged with Fortescue were two sailors, Edward J. Lord and Deacon Jones, as well as Fortescue's son-in-law, Thomas Massie who participated in the abduction and murder of Kahahawai. As of January 8, 1932, a criminal record indicates that while in Honolulu, Grace Fortescue lived on Kolowalu Street in Manoa Valley, as short distance from her daughter's home on Kahawai Street. Attorney Clarence Darrow defended Fortescue, Jones, Massie and Lord and obtained a commutation of their sentence of ten-years imprisonment for manslaughter to one-hour in the executive chambers of Territorial Governor Lawrence M. Judd. ...more on Wikipedia about "Grace Hubbard Fortescue"
The Grassroot Institute of Hawaii is a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation engaging in political advocacy, based in Honolulu. It was founded in 2000 by ...more on Wikipedia about "Grassroot Institute"
The Green Party of Hawai'i, also known as the Hawaii Green Party, is the official organization of the United States Green Party in the state of Hawaii. On November 5, 2002, Bob Jacobson, a member of the Green Party of Hawai'i, was elected to a six-year term representing the sixth council district on the Hawaii County Council, despite controversy over his suggested use of tax money to fund environmental programs. Jacobson was the first Green Party member elected to a countywide office. ...more on Wikipedia about "Green Party of Hawaii" This text is made for shortopedia
The Hawai'i Republican Party is the state affiliate of the Republican Party of the United States. Based in Honolulu, Hawai'i, the party is a central organization established for the promotion of the party platform as it is drafted in convention every other year. It is also charged with registering voters and delivering voter turnout through four major county organizations for Hawai'i, Kaua'i, Mau'i and the City & County of Honolulu. The Hawai'i Republican Party ruled Hawai'i during the territorial period but lost that power during the infancy of Hawai'i statehood. In 2002, it regained control of the governorship from the Democratic Party of Hawai'i for the first time in forty years. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hawaii Republican Party"
In 1921, the federal government of the United States set aside as Hawaiian Homelands approximately 200,000 acres (809 km²) in the Territory of Hawaiʻi as a land trust for homesteading by Native Hawaiians. The law mandating this, passed by the U.S. Congress on July 9 1921, was called the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act (HHCA) and, with amendments, is still in effect today. The act is often also attributed to the year 1920, the year it was written. The avowed purpose of the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act was to rehabilitate Native Hawaiians, particularly in returning them to the land in order to enable the maintenance traditional ties to the land. The Hawaiian politicians who testified in favor of the act specifically referred to the devastation of the Hawaiian population and the loss of the land, and the need for Hawaiians to be able to grow and eat kalo (taro). ...more on Wikipedia about "Hawaiian Homelands"
The Hawaiian Independence Movement is a fringe political movement with the ultimate goal of returning sovereignty to the overthrown Kingdom of Hawaii (now the U.S. state of Hawaii). The roots of this movement can be found in the history of Hawaii. Many years after the islands were unified by King Kamehameha I a constitutional monarchy was established by Kamehameha III, creating a Hawaiian parliament. During the reign of Kamehameha II, missionaries arrived from the United States and Europe with the express purpose of spreading Christianity, and were welcomed by the ruling chiefs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hawaiian Independence Movement"
The term Hawaiian Renaissance refers to a Hawaiian movement to develop a distinct cultural identity that draws upon Hawaiian cultural traditions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hawaiian Renaissance"
The Hawaiian sovereignty movement is comprised of a loose coalition of groups that seek self-determination and self-governance for Native Hawaiians (or more broadly Hawaiian nationals regardless of ethnicity), and redress from the United States for its alleged role in the 1893 intervention and overthrow of Queen Lili'uokalani, and what is seen as a prolonged military occupation beginning in 1898. While these groups share this common concern, their views on how these ends should be achieved vary greatly. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hawaiian sovereignty movement"
As soon as the United States annexed the Hawaiian Islands and established the Territory of Hawaii, native Hawaiians became worried that both the Democratic Party of Hawai‘i and Hawai‘i Republican Party were incapable of truly understanding and fully accepting of the Hawaiian sovereignty movement. In 1900, native Hawaiians and their supporters created the Home Rule Party under the maxims "Hawai‘i for Hawaiians" and "Hawaiians for Hawaiians." Several members of the House of Kalākaua and House of Kawananakoa became involved in the party. In the first election, the Home Rule Party succeeded in becoming the majority party in the Territorial House of Representatives and Territorial Senate. They even sent Robert William Wilcox to represent the territory in the United States Congress. ...more on Wikipedia about "Home Rule Party of Hawaii"
The legal status of Hawai‘i is the subject of a long-running dispute between the United States and Hawaiian nationalists. The dispute dates back to events in the 19th century whereby Hawaiians first lost political control of their government ( 1887, 1893) and later saw the United States proclaim their country annexed and no longer existent as an independent nation-state ( 1898). Hawai‘i is presently administered de facto as a part of the United States. This article deals only with arguments about Hawai‘i's de jure status under international law. ...more on Wikipedia about "Legal status of Hawaii" If you like you could tell us your opinion about www.shortopedia.com
The Massie Affair was a famous murder trial that took place in Honolulu, Hawaii in 1932. Grace Hubbard Fortescue, along with several accomplices, were charged with manslaughter in the death of Joseph Kahahawai. She was the mother of Thalia Fortescue Massie, who had brought charges that Kahahawai was one of a group of men that had raped her. ...more on Wikipedia about "Massie Trial"
Rice v. Cayetano, No. 98-818, was a case filed in 1996 by Big Island rancher Harold "Freddy" Rice against the state of Hawai‘i and argued before the United States Supreme Court. In 2000 the court ruled that the state of Hawai‘i could not restrict eligibility to vote in elections for the Board of Trustees of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to persons of Native Hawaiian descent. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rice v. Cayetano"
Thalia Fortescue Massie (born February 14, 1911 in Washington, D.C.) was the daughter of Grace Hubbard Fortescue and the wife of a Navy lieutenant and the genesis of what is now known as the Massie-Kahahawai Case. She claimed that in September, 1931, a group of Hawaiian men had raped her at Ala Moana Beach in Honolulu. Subsequently, five young men, two of Hawaiian ancestry, two of Japanese ancestry, and one of Chinese ancestry were arrested and charged with rape. With evidence presented demonstrating that none of the accused could have committed the crime, the jury deadlocked and all five were released on bail. Grace Fortescue was deeply disturbed by the release and one of the defendants, a native Hawaiian named Joseph Kahahawai, was later found dead in the back seat of her car. Defended by attorney Clarence Darrow, of the Scopes Monkey Trial, Fortescue was eventually tried and convicted of manslaughter. Originally sentenced to 10 years, her sentence was commuted to one hour in the executive chambers of Governor Lawrence Judd of the Territory of Hawaii, a Republican. The commutation of Fortescue's sentence was perceived by native Hawaiians and other citizens as a gross miscarriage of justice in the Territory. Thalia's claim and the subsequent events were seminal in strengthening the labor-union movement in Hawaii and the resolve of concerned citizens that formed the Hawaii Democratic Party. ...more on Wikipedia about "Thalia Fortescue Massie"
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