The Desulfovibrionales are an order of Proteobacteria, with four families. The majority are sulfate-reducing, with the exception of Lawsonia and Bilophila. ...more on Wikipedia about "Desulfovibrionales"
The Desulfurellaceae are a small family of Proteobacteria, given their own order. ...more on Wikipedia about "Desulfurellaceae"
(Desulfuromonadales) The Desulfomonadales are an order of Proteobacteria, with three families. ...more on Wikipedia about "Desulfuromonadales"
(Ectothiorhodospiraceae) The Chromatiaceae are a family of purple sulfur bacteria, distinguished by producing sulfur globules outside of their cells. They are generally marine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ectothiorhodospiraceae"
The Enterobacteriaceae are a large family of bacteria, including many of the more familiar pathogens, such as Salmonella and Escherichia coli. Genetic studies place them among the Proteobacteria, and they are given their own order (Enterobacteriales), though this is sometimes taken to include some related environmental samples. ...more on Wikipedia about "Enterobacteriaceae"
Francisella is a genus of pathogenic bacteria. The type species, F. tularensis, causes the disease tularemia or rabbit fever. F. philomiragia isassociated with septicemia. They are facultative intracelluar bacteria , spread primarily through insect vectors and inhalation of aerosolized cells. The latter route of inoculation requires only 30-50 organisms to cause pulmonary infection, which if untreated is lethal in 15-30% of cases. Due to its ease of spread by aerosol and its high virulence, F. tularensis is classified as a class A agent by the U.S. government. This article will primarily focus on F. tularensis. ...more on Wikipedia about "Francisella"
Geobacter is a genus of proteobacteria. Geobacter are an anaerobic respiration bacterial species which have capabilities that may make them useful in bioremediation. The geobacter was found to be the first organism with the ability to oxidize organic compounds and metals, including iron, radioactive metals and petroleum compounds into environmentally benign carbon dioxide while using iron oxide or other available metals as electron acceptor. The Geobacter is under continuing research for a variety of applications, discussed below. ...more on Wikipedia about "Geobacter"
Haemophilus is a genus of parasitic rod-shaped bacteria. They can occur in the any warm-blooded and some cold-blooded animals. H. influenzae is a notable example. ...more on Wikipedia about "Haemophilus"
Haemophilus influenzae, formerly called Pfeiffer's bacillus, is a non-motile Gram-negative coccobacillus first described in 1892 by Dr. Robert Pfeiffer during the influenza pandemic. It is generally aerobic, but can grow as a facultative anaerobe. Haemophilus influenzae was mistakenly considered to be the cause of the common flu until 1933, when the viral etiology of the flu became apparent. Still, Haemophilus influenzae is responsible for a wide range of clinical diseases. Because of its small genome, Haemophilus influenzae became the first free-living organism with its entire genome sequenced. Its genome consists of 1,830,140 base pairs of DNA and contains 1740 genes. The sequencing project, completed and published in Science in 1995, was conducted at The Institute for Genomic Research under the direction of Dr. Robert Fleischmann. ...more on Wikipedia about "Haemophilus influenzae"
Biogroup: aegyptius ...more on Wikipedia about "Haemophilus influenzae biogroup aegyptius"
The Halomonadaceae are a family of Proteobacteria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Halomonadaceae"
Halothiobacillus is a genus of Proteobacteria. The members of this genus used to belong to Thiobacillus, before they were reclassified in the year 2000. They are now classified with the purple sulfur bacteria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Halothiobacillus"
Helicobacter is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria that have a characteristic spiral shape and have been found in the lining of the stomach and in the liver of mammals and some birds. The best known species of this genus is Helicobacter pylori which infects humans and is responsible for most cases of peptic ulcer and chronic gastritis; it also serves as the type species of the genus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Helicobacter"
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that infects the mucus lining of the human stomach. Many peptic ulcers and some types of gastritis are caused by H. pylori infection, although most humans who are infected will never develop symptoms. This bacterium lives in the human stomach exclusively and is the only known organism that can thrive in that highly acidic environment. It is helix-shaped (hence the name helicobacter) and can literally screw itself into the stomach lining to colonize . ...more on Wikipedia about "Helicobacter pylori" Whatever You're Into, Get Into www.shortopedia.com.
The Hydrogenophilaceae are a small family of Proteobacteria, with two genera. Hydrogenophilus are thermophilic, growing around 50°C, and obtain their energy from oxidizing hydrogen. The genus Thiobacillus, redefined to include only those species included among the beta proteobacteria, is also included here. Other members of Thiobacillus were transfred to Acidithiobacillus, Halothiobacillus and Thermithiobacillus, now placed in other families. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hydrogenophilaceae"
Legionella is a Gram negative bacterium, including many species that cause legionellosis or Legionaires' disease, most notably L. pneumophilia. At least 48 species and 70 serogroups have been identified. On the side-chains of the cell wall are carried the bases for the somatic antigen specifity of these organisms. The chemical composition of these side chains both with respect to components as well as arrangement of the different sugars determines the nature of the somatic or O antigen determinants, which are such important means of serologically classifying many Gram-negative bacteria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Legionella"
Legionella Longbeachae is one species of the family Legionellaceae. It is found predominantly in soil and potting compost. Human Infection from Legionella longbeachae is particularly common in Western Australia, yet cases have been documented in other countries including the USA. ...more on Wikipedia about "Legionella longbeachae"
The Legionellales are an order of proteobacteria. They comprise two families, typified by Legionella and Coxiella, both of which include notable pathogens. ...more on Wikipedia about "Legionellales"
Methanotrophs are bacteria that are able to grow using methane as their only source of carbon and energy. They require both single-carbon compounds and oxygen to survive, combining the two to form formaldehyde, which is then incorporated into organic compounds. They also characteristically have a system of internal membranes. Methanotrophs occur mostly in soils, and are especially common near environments where methane is produced. They are of special interest to researchers studying global warming. ...more on Wikipedia about "Methanotroph"
The Methylococcaceae are a family of bacteria that obtain their carbon and energy from methane, called methanotrophs. They comprise the type I methanotrophs, in contrast to the Methylocystaceae or type II methanotrophs. They belong among the gamma subdivision of the Proteobacteria, and are typically given their own order. ...more on Wikipedia about "Methylococcaceae"
The Methylophilaceae are a family of Proteobacteria, given their own order. ...more on Wikipedia about "Methylophilaceae"
The myxobacteria are a group of bacteria that predominantly live in the soil. The myxobacteria have very large genomes, relative to other bacteria, e.g. 9-10 million nucleotides. Polyangium cellulosum has the largest known (as of 2003) bacterial genome, at 12.2 million nucleotides. Myxobacteria are included among the proteobacteria, a large group of Gram-negative forms. ...more on Wikipedia about "Myxobacteria"
Neisseria is a genus of bacteria, included among the proteobacteria, a large group of gram-negative forms. Neisseria are gram-negative, diplococci, that resemble coffee beans when viewed microscopicaly. It includes the species ...more on Wikipedia about "Neisseria"
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a species of Gram-negative (see also Gram Stain) bacteria responsible for the disease gonorrhoea. Neisseria species of bacteria are highly fastidious gram negative cocci, that is, they require special nutrients to survive. These cocci appear microscopically in pairs, which are also known as diplococci. Gonnorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease. Symptoms include a purulent (or pus-like) discharge from the genitals which may be foul smelling, and a burning sensation during urination. Neisseria is usually isolated on a Modified Thayer-Martin culture plate. This plate has antibiotics and nutrients which not only facilitate the growth of Neisseria species, but inhibit the growth of Gram-positive organisms and most bacilli. Further testing to differentiate the species usually includes an oxidase test which will be positive for Neiserria gonorrhoeae, and testing with the carbohydrates lactose, sucrose, and glucose. N. gonnorhoeae will only oxidize (that is, utilize) the glucose. ...more on Wikipedia about "Neisseria gonorrhoeae"
Neisseria meningitidis, also simply known as meningococcus is a gram-negative bacterium best known for its role in meningitis. It only infects humans, there is no animal reservoir. It is the only form of bacterial meningitis to cause epidemics. ...more on Wikipedia about "Neisseria meningitidis" The article you are reading is from http://www.shortopedia.com
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