The Analyse des Logiques Subjectives (Analysis of Subjective Logics) is an analytical method concerned with the words (lexical items) of a spoken or written text. Drawing on psychoanalysis, it allows one, without resorting to the non-verbal (intonations, gestures, mimics, etc.), to get an idea of the personality of the author as well as of those one expects to persuade or to entice. ...more on Wikipedia about "Analysis of Subjective Logics"
The Argument from Poverty of the Stimulus (or APS) is the common name for a popular argument in favour of linguistic nativism. The argument was originally articulated by the linguist Noam Chomsky. The name of the "APS" was coined by Chomsky in his work Rules and Representations (Chomsky, 1980). The APS emerged out of several of Chomsky's writings on the issue of language acquisition. The argument has been extremely persuasive within linguistics and has formed the philosophical backbone for the theory of Universal Grammar. It is taught to students in most linguistics and psycholinguistics courses. Despite a large body of criticism it remains very popular amongst linguists. ...more on Wikipedia about "Argument from poverty of the stimulus"
In cognitive psychology, fast mapping is a mental process whereby a new concept can be learned (or a new hypothesis formed) based only on a single exposure to a given unit of information. Fast mapping is particularly important during language acquisition in young children, and serves (at least in part) to explain the prodigious rate at which children gain vocabulary. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fast mapping"
Garden path sentences are used in psycholinguistics to illustrate that human beings process language one word at a time. The name comes from the saying "to be led down the garden path" meaning "to be misled". ...more on Wikipedia about "Garden path sentence"
Intentionality, originally a concept from scholastic philosophy, was reintroduced in contemporary philosophy by the philosopher and psychologist Franz Brentano in his work Psychologie vom Empirischen Standpunkte. While often simplistically summarised as "aboutness" or the relationship between mental acts and the external world, Brentano defined it as the main characteristic of "psychical phenomena" (psychische Phänomene), by which they could be distinguished from "physical phenomena" (physische Phänomene). Every psychical, or mental, phenomenon, every psychological act, has a content, is directed at an object (the intentional object). Every belief, desire etc. has an object that it is about: the believed, the wanted. Brentano used the expression "intentional inexistence" to indicate the status of the objects of thought in the mind. The property of being intentional, of having an intentional object, was the key feature to distinguish psychical phenomena and physical phenomena, because physical phenomena lack intentionality altogether. ...more on Wikipedia about "Intentionality"
A variety of different authors, theories and fields purport influences between language and thought. ...more on Wikipedia about "Language and thought"
Description: Introduction to psychology for general public and students. ...more on Wikipedia about "List of publications in psychology"
The principle of linguistic relativity is Benjamin Whorf's theory of the way in which an individual's thoughts are influenced by the language(s) they have available to express them. ...more on Wikipedia about "Principle of linguistic relativity"
A propositional attitude is a relational mental state connecting a person to a proposition. They are often assumed to be the simplest components of thought and can express meanings or content that can be true or false. In being a type of attitude they imply a person can have different mental postures towards a proposition, for example, believing, desiring or hoping and therefore imply intentionality. ...more on Wikipedia about "Propositional attitude"
Psycholinguistics or psychology of language ...more on Wikipedia about "Psycholinguistics"
(Sapir-Whorf and programming languages) One way of stating the Church-Turing thesis is that any language that can simulate a Turing machine can be used to implement any effective algorithm — in this sense, it is irrelevant what language is used to implement a particular algorithm, as that exact algorithm can also be implemented in every other language. However, when designing an algorithm to solve a particular problem, programmers are sometimes heavily influenced by the language constructs available. Though a large part of this is undoubtedly the way of least resistance (implement whatever is easiest to implement), there is also an element of "appropriateness" or "naturalness" that seems to compel the programmer to a design that "befits" the language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sapir-Whorf and programming languages"
In linguistics, the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis (SWH) states that there is a systematic relationship between the grammatical categories of the language a person speaks and how that person both understands the world and behaves in it. This controversial hypothesis is named after the linguist and anthropologist Edward Sapir and his colleague and student Benjamin Whorf. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sapir-Whorf hypothesis"
A text grammar is a structural description of a linguistic performance. The whole of the performance, regardless of its length is called a discourse, and when this discourse is recorded in written language, it becomes a linguistic object, or text. Both linguists and psychologists are interested in the descriptions produced by text grammars. For instance, T.A. Van Dijk, a linguist, believes that a text grammar might answer questions about the coherence of texts which are not explained by sentence grammars. He says that a text grammar could formulate the conditions for coherence between sentences in a simpler and more consistent way than sentence grammars, and at the same time describe the larger structures which unify the text (Van Dijk, 1972). ...more on Wikipedia about "Text grammar"
The Meaning of Meaning subtitled A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism (1923) was co-authored by C. K. Ogden and I. A. Richards, Magdalene College, University of Cambridge. It is accompanied by the two supplementary essays by Bronislaw Malinowski and F. G. Crookshank. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Meaning of Meaning"
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