Connectionism is an approach in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology and philosophy of mind. Connectionism models mental or behavioral phenomena as the emergent processes of interconnected networks of simple units. There are many different forms of connectionism, but the most common forms utilize neural network models. ...more on Wikipedia about "Connectionism"
(Conservation (psychology)) An ability in logical thinking according to the psychologist Jean Piaget who developed four stages in cognitive development. By the third stage, the Concrete operational stage, the child of age 7-11 has mastered this ability, to logically determine that a certain quantity will remain the same despite adjustment of the container, shape, or apparent size. ...more on Wikipedia about "Conservation (psychology)"
The contingency theory is a leadership theory developed by Fred Fiedler. He believes that leadership effectiveness depends on both the leader's personality and the situation. Certain leaders are effective in one situation but not in others, and it's therefore a situational theory in the meaning that there is no one best way of leading. ...more on Wikipedia about "Contingency theory"
A control freak is a person who has an obsessive need to control other people or situations. Sometimes a control freak is a bully who wants power. Often such a person will accuse others of having this character trait when and or if they feel that their power is in decline or brought into question. Resorting to the use of backhanded compliments is also an often used strategy or possibly even personality trait among control freaks. ...more on Wikipedia about "Control freak"
Conversion syndrome describes a condition in which physical symptoms arise for which there is no clear explanation. The term stems from the 19th century European conception of hysteria, which itself can be traced back to Egyptian papyri from the 16th century BC. Psychiatrists now separate out conversion disorder, in which the complaints are neurologic, from similar conditions in which the complaints can be about such things as pain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Conversion syndrome"
A coping skill is a behavioral tool which may be used by individuals to offset or overcome adversity, disadvantage, or disability without correcting or eliminating the underlying condition. Coping skills are also sometimes called work-arounds. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coping skill"
Coprophilia, also known as fecophilia and coprolagnia, is the paraphilia involving sexual attraction to feces. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coprophilia"
Countercontrol is a term used by Dr. B. F. Skinner in 1953 as a functional class in the analysis of social behavior. Control is fundamental in both conceptual, experimental and applied behavior analysis, as it is fundamental in all experimental science. To study functional relations in behavior and environment, one must manipulate (control) environmental variables to study their effect in behavior. Countercontrol can be defined as human, operant behavior that is a result of (response) social aversive control. The individual that is exposed to aversive control may try to escape or avoid control. ...more on Wikipedia about "Countercontrol"
Countersignaling is the opposite behaviour of Signaling, as it applies to the behavioural sciences ...more on Wikipedia about "Countersignaling"
Countertransference is a term in psychotherapy, denoting a condition where the therapist, as a result of the therapy sessions, begins to transfer the therapist's own repressed feelings to the patient. It is also defined as the entire body of feelings that the therapist has toward the patient. ...more on Wikipedia about "Countertransference"
Cryptomnesia, or "concealed recollection," is a very common phenomenon. It is often the means of recalling to mind certain experiences that one otherwise would not remember. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cryptomnesia"
Cultural psychology is a field of psychology which contains the idea that culture and mind are inseparable, thus there are no universal laws for how the mind works and that psychological theories grounded in one culture are likely to be limited in applicability when applied to a different culture. As Richard Shweder, one of the major proponents of the field, writes, "Cultural psychology is the study of the way cultural traditions and social practices regulate, express, and transform the human psyche, resulting less in psychic unity for humankind than in ethnic divergences in mind, self, and emotion" (1991, p. 72). ...more on Wikipedia about "Cultural psychology"
Related to " cultural imperialism" as one of its probable causes, cultural superiority is the assumption that one's culture is 'better' than someone (or anyone) else's. This attitude, combined with the ability to enforce one's taste and desires upon others, can lead to various forms of " imperialism". ...more on Wikipedia about "Cultural superiority"
Deferred gratification or emotional intellegence is the ability of a person to wait for things they want. This trait is critical for life success. Those who lack this trait are said to suffer from poor impulse control. ...more on Wikipedia about "Deferred gratification" Good to know shortopedia. Psychology
The term déjà vu (French: "already seen", also called paramnesia) describes the experience of feeling that one has witnessed or experienced a new situation previously. The term was created by a French psychic researcher, Emile Boirac ( 1851– 1917) in his book L'Avenir des sciences psychiques (The Future of Psychic Sciences), which expanded upon an essay he wrote while an undergraduate French concentrator at the University of Chicago. The experience of déjà vu is usually accompanied by a compelling sense of familiarity, and also a sense of "eerieness" or "strangeness" or "weirdness". The "previous" experience is most frequently attributed to a dream, although in some cases there is a firm sense that the experience "genuinely happened" in the past. ...more on Wikipedia about "Déjà vu"
Denial is a psychological defense mechanism in which a person faced with a fact that is uncomfortable or painful to accept rejects it instead, insisting that it is not true despite what may be overwhelming evidence. The subject may deny the reality of the unpleasant fact altogether (simple denial), admit the fact but deny its seriousness (minimisation) or admit both the fact and seriousness but deny responsibility ( transference). The concept of denial is particularly important to the study of addiction. ...more on Wikipedia about "Denial"
Developmental psychology is the scientific study of progressive psychological changes that occur in human beings as they age. Originally concerned with infants and children, and later other periods of great change such as adolescence and aging, it now encompases the entire life span. This field examines change across a broad range of topics including: motor skills and other psycho-physiological processes, problem solving abilities, conceptual understanding, acquisition of language, moral understanding, and identity formation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Developmental psychology"
Dichotic Listening is a procedure commonly used for investigating selective attention in the auditory domain. Two messages are presented to both the left and right ears (one message to each ear), normally using a set of headphones. Normally, participants are asked to pay attention to either one, or both (divided attention condition) of the messages and may later be asked about the content of both. In a selective attention task, the participant may be asked to repeat out-loud the content of the attended message; a process known as shadowing. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dichotic listening"
Distraction is the process of diverting the attention of an individual (or group) from one subject to something else. There can be a number of causes for distraction, including random surfing on the Internet, reading and clicking advertisements, switching Television channels, and random reading. Distraction is a major reason for Procrastination. ...more on Wikipedia about "Distraction"
Doraphilia is the paraphilia involving sexual attraction to fur. ...more on Wikipedia about "Doraphilia"
Double Bind is a communicative situation where a person receives different or contradictory messages. The term was coined by the anthropologist Gregory Bateson, and was an attempt to suggest a possible mechanism or underpinning for schizophrenia from an anti-biologist perspective (in other words to proffer an explanation without requiring the assumption of organic brain dysfunction). The phenomenon itself was functionally observed in its negative sense, and utilised in a therapeutic context, by Milton Erickson. The Double bind is based on paradox turned to contradiction. ...more on Wikipedia about "Double bind"
The term duck test refers to a method of analogical comparison whereby one can infer the nature of an unknown based upon its outwardly visible traits. More simply, the duck test can be explained this way: If a bird looks like a duck, swims like a duck and quacks like a duck, then you can infer that it is indeed a duck, even if it is not wearing a label that explicitly states its identity. ...more on Wikipedia about "Duck test"
Dysthemia (distinct from but commonly mistaken for dysthymia) is a psychological juxtaposition of balancing character traits which induce a withdrawal illness marked by maladaptive dissociate behavior. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dysthemia"
Ecological psychology (EP) is a term claimed by a number of schools of psychology. However, the two main ones are one on the writings of J. J. Gibson, and another on the work of Roger G. Barker, Herb Wright and associates at the University of Kansas in Lawrence. It should be noted that whereas Gibsonian psychology is always termed Ecological Psychology, the work of Barker (and his followers) is also known as Environmental Psychology. There is a considerable amount of overlap between the two schools, although the Gibsonian approach tends to be more philosophical. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ecological psychology"
Ecstasy, from the Greek εκστασις, to be outside oneself, is a category of trance or trancelike states in which an individual transcends ordinary consciousness and as a result has a heightened capacity for exceptional thought or experience. These may include profound emotional feeling, intense concentration on a specific task, extraordinary physical abilities, and especially awareness of non-ordinary mental spaces, which may be perceived as spiritual (the latter type of ecstasy often takes the form of religious ecstasy). This heightened capacity is typically accompanied by diminished awareness of some other matters. For instance, if one is concentrating on a physical task, then one might cease to be aware of any intellectual thoughts. On the other hand, making a spirit journey in an ecstatic trance involves the cessation of voluntary bodily movement. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ecstasy (emotion)" http://www.shortopedia.com , this is it!
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