The Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO; Portuguese: Resistência Nacional Moçambicana) is a conservative political party in Mozambique led by Afonso Dhlakama. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mozambican National Resistance"
The National Council for the Defense of Democracy–Forces for the Defense of Democracy (Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie–Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie, NCDD–FDD) was the most significant rebel group active in the Burundi Civil War and became a major political party in Burundi. The NCDD was the political wing of the organization, while the FDD was the military wing. It was founded in 1994, a year after the assassination of Hutu President Melchior Ndadaye. The political wing was dominated by Hutu intellectuals from the southern region of Bururi,while the fighting wing was composed of troops drawn from throughout the country, which led to a split in the group in 2001. ...more on Wikipedia about "National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy"
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a group of 13 political parties that formed in 1989 to oppose the new regime of Omar Hassan al-Bashir after he seized power in a military coup on June 6, 1989. The NDA signed a deal with the Sudanese government on June 18, 2005, following a peace agreement to the Second Sudanese Civil War on January 9, 2005. Some issues have yet to be resolved by opposing factions, including the conflict and humanitarian issues in the war-torn region of Darfur. ...more on Wikipedia about "National Democratic Alliance (Sudan)"
The National Liberation Front ( French: Front de Libération Nationale - FROLINA or FLN) is a ethnically Hutu rebel group that sometimes functions as a political party in Burundi. The FLN has been considered a minor group in the Burundian Civil War compared to the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy, but as of 2005 is the only active insurgent force in the country. In June 2004, the FLN claimed responsibility for the killing of 160 refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo in a camp near the border with the DRC. In May 2005, the group agreed to end hostilities but, following elections raising FDD head Pierre Nkurunziza to presidential office, the FLN declared in September 2005 that the new administration was illegitimate and they would not engage in negotiations with it. ...more on Wikipedia about "National Liberation Front (Burundi)"
The União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola (UNITA) is an Angolan political faction. Until 2002, the group was largely a military force and had been fighting a civil war since 1975. From its foundation until his death, the group was dominated by its leader and founder, Jonas Savimbi. ...more on Wikipedia about "National Union for Total Independence of Angola"
The Nationalist and Integrationist Front (FNI) is a militia group comprised of ethnic Lendu active in the Ituri region of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The FNI is also known by its original French name, the Front National Intégrationniste. It is one of six rebel groups in the region. It has been active in the Ituri conflict against ethnic Hema and is blamed for the ambush and murder of nine MONUC peacekeepers near the town of Kafe in February 2005. FNI political leader Floribert Ndjabu was arrested by Congolese authorities, while military head Etienne Lona turned himself in. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nationalist and Integrationist Front"
The Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) is a separatist rebel group fighting to make the region of Ogaden in eastern Ethiopia an independent state. Because Ogaden is populated by ethnic Somalis, the ONLA claims that Ethiopia is an occupying government. The ONLF is composed mainly of members of the Darod Asambe clan located near Gode. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ogaden National Liberation Front"
This article is made on http://www.shortopedia.com Rebellions_in_Africa
The Ogaden War was a conventional conflict between Somalia and Ethiopia in 1977 and 1978 over the Ogaden region of Ethiopia. Fighting erupted as Somalia sought to exploit a temporary shift in the regional balance of power in their favor to occupy the Ogaden region, claimed to be part of Greater Somalia. In a notable illustration of the nature of Cold War alliances, the Soviet Union switched from supplying aid to Somalia to supporting Ethiopia, which had previously been backed by the United States, prompting the U.S. to start supporting Somalia. The war ended when Somali forces retreated back across the border and a truce was declared. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ogaden War"
The Rassemblement Démocratique pour le Rwanda (RDR) was an insurgent group operating in the eastern region of Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) against the government of Rwanda from 1995 to 1996. It was composed almost entirely of members of the former Rwandan army (ex-FAR) and Interahamwe responsible for the 1994 Rwandan Genocide who had been forced to flee after the Tutsi-dominated Rwandese Patriotic Army (RPA) invaded. The RDR's increasingly organized attacks into Rwanda led the RPA to invade eastern Zaire in October 1996 to end the threat, destroying the RDR and signaling the beginning of the First Congo War. The RDR was replaced by the Armée de Libération du Rwanda (ALiR). ...more on Wikipedia about "Rassemblement Démocratique pour le Rwanda"
Salva Kiir Mayardit is the president of autonomous Southern Sudan and the successor to the post of Vice President of Sudan, following the death of John Garang in a crash on 30 July 2005. A founding member of the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), he was chosen by the SPLA leadership to continue the peace process that formally ended the Second Sudanese Civil War in January 2005. Like Garang, he is of the Dinka tribe, which is the most numerous in the south, but is from a different clan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Salva Kiir Mayardit"
The Second Sudanese Civil War started in 1983, although it is most accurately a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War of 1955 to 1972. It took place, for the most part, in southern Sudan and was one of the longest lasting and deadliest wars of the latter 20th century. Roughly 1.9 million civilians were killed in southern Sudan, and more than 4 million have been forced to flee their homes at one time or another since the war began. The civilian death toll is one of the highest of any war since 1945 ** . The conflict ended upon the signing of a peace agreement in January 2005. ...more on Wikipedia about "Second Sudanese Civil War"
The Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (abbreviated as either SLM or SLA) Haraka Tahrir Sudan is a now defunct, loose association of Sudanese rebel groups who fought against the Janjaweed Arab rebels. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sudan Liberation Movement"
This page conserns SPLA/M, while The Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/SLA) Haraka Tahrir Sudan is a loose association of Sudanese rebel groups fighting against the arab-militia Janjaweed. It must not be confused with the other Sudan group, SPLA/M: ...more on Wikipedia about "Sudan People's Liberation Army"
The Tuareg Rebellion was an uprising of the 1990s by various Tuareg groups in Niger and Mali with the aim of achieving autonomy or forming their own nation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tuareg Rebellion"
Umkhonto we Sizwe (or MK), translated Spear of the Nation, was the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC). Founded December 16, 1961, by the ANC and South African Communist Party (SACP) as the answer to the political, social and economical oppression against blacks by the South African Apartheid regime. ...more on Wikipedia about "Umkhonto we Sizwe"
The West Side Boys were an armed group in Sierra Leone, sometimes described as a splinter faction of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council. It captured and held members of a mostly West African peacekeeping force in 2000, and was subsequently destroyed by units of the British Special Air Service during September 2000 in Operation Barras. ...more on Wikipedia about "West Side Boys"
The Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF), which operated in the Ogaden, supported the "Greater Somalia" concept. The Somali Abo Liberation Front (SALF) maintained links to the WSLF. Its sphere of operations was in the provinces of Bale, Sidamo, and Arsi, where it advocated union with Somalia or the creation of an independent state. Somalia equipped both groups with Soviet arms; both also received aid and training from various Arab and socialist states, including Cuba. ...more on Wikipedia about "Western Somali Liberation Front"
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