Emergency position-indicating Radio beacons ( EPIRB), Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELT) and Personal Locator Beacons, are tracking transmitters that operate as part of the Cospas-Sarsat Satellite System ** . When activated, the beacons send out a distress signal that allows the beacon to be located by the satellite system and search and rescue aircraft to locate the people, boats and aircraft needing rescue. They are a component of the Global Maritime Distress Safety System. See the U.S. center's website . ...more on Wikipedia about "Emergency position-indicating rescue beacon"
A flare gun is a gun that shoots flares. They are a common item in rescue kits. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flare gun"
The hydraulic spreader, also called Hurst tool, is a tool used in vehicle extrication. It includes two arms which may be made of a variety of materials, and generally has tempered steel tips with teeth to more fully engage the rolled edges of the automotive doors it is commonly used on. The tool is used by placing the points of the arms into a seam in a vehicle or structure, and activating a valve switch, thus inducing hydraulic fluid to operate a piston that actuates the arms by means of a rod and linkages. These tools are powered by a hydraulic pump, which may be located on the tool, or more commonly as a separate portable or truck mounted unit. The arms spread out with a force of several tons ( kilonewtons), thereby opening the target object to a certain distance (in excess of 40 inches [1 meter] in some cases). A common variation of this tool is commonly referred to as a combi-tool. These have scissor-like arms and may also be used in reverse, as a hydraulic cutter, to provide a comparable crushing force. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hydraulic spreader"
The Jaws of Life, or Hurst Tool, is a line of tools originally developed by Hurst Performance and now under the registered trademark of Hale Products, Inc. The hydraulic spreader, originally invented in 1972 as an extrication tool for the race car industry is now essential equipment in rescue, firefighting, EMS, and public safety operations. Hale Products says, "Because the tool reduced the time to extricate a victim from a car crash, literally snatching them from the 'jaws of death', the tool earned the name Jaws of Life." ...more on Wikipedia about "Jaws of Life"
A lifeboat is a boat carried on board a ship and designed to allow passengers to escape, or a boat kept on land or in a harbour to rescue people in trouble at sea. Lifeboats are also kept at offshore platforms. As such, it is an elaborate version of a life raft. Lifeboats were historically rigid structures built with highly buoyant materials. More recently however, life rafts are inflatable, equipped with auto-inflation carbon dioxide canisters or mechanical pumps, and split into partitions, so that they are much less subject to the adverse effects of exposure to sea water and sunlight. A quick release and pressure release mechanism is fitted so that the canister or pump automatically inflates the lifeboat, and the lifeboat breaks free of the sinking vessel. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lifeboat"
==The RECCO system is an electronic method of finding a person or persons buried in snow as a result of an avalanche.== ...more on Wikipedia about "RECCO"
Shipboard Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS) installations include one or more search and rescue radar transponder (SART) devices which are used to locate a survival craft or distressed vessel by creating a series of dots on a rescuing ship's radar display. A SART will only respond to an X-band (3 cm wavelength) radar. It will not be seen on S-band (10 cm) or other radar. ...more on Wikipedia about "Search and rescue radar transponder"
Trauma shears, often known by the nickname 'tuff cuts', are scissors used by paramedics and other emergency medical personnel. They usually consist of a plastic handle with a metal blade, which is traditionally bent through about 10 degrees, giving them an usual appearance to normal scissors. ...more on Wikipedia about "Trauma shears"
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