:For the Christian Saint Aegidius, of the 7th- 8th century, see Saint Giles, and for the 13th century archbishop and theologist, see Giles of Rome. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aegidius"
The Ala Gallorum Indiana (Indus's Wing of Gauls) was an auxiliary Gaulish cavalry unit in the Roman army, named after its first commander, Julius Indus, a nobleman of the Treveri who helped put down a Gaulish rebellion in 21. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ala Gallorum Indiana"
Antibes is a resort town of southeastern France, on the Mediterranean Sea in the Côte d'Azur, located between Cannes and Nice. It is 12-½ miles by rail southwest of Nice, and is situated on the east side of the Garoupe peninsula. ...more on Wikipedia about "Antibes"
Armorica or Aremorica is the name given in ancient times to the part of Gaul that includes the Brittany peninsula and the territory between the Seine and Loire rivers, extending inland to an indeterminate point and down the Atlantic coast. It is based on the Gaulish phrase "are mori" "on/at [the] sea", made into the Gaulish place name Aremorica 'Place by the Sea'. In Breton (which with Welsh and Cornish are the living representatives of Gaulish), 'on [the] sea' is 'war vor' (Welsh 'ar for'), though the older form 'arvor' is used to refer to the coastal regions of Brittany, in contrast to 'argoad' (ar 'on/at', coad 'forest' [Welsh 'ar goed' ('coed' forest)] for the inland regions. This modern use suggests that the Romans first contacted coastal people in Britanny and assumed that the regional name Aremorica referred to the whole area, seaside and inland. ...more on Wikipedia about "Armorica"
Augusta Raurica is a large Roman archaeological site in Switzerland. Located about 20 km east of Basel near the village of Kaiseraugst, it is the oldest known Roman colony on the Rhine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Augusta Raurica"
The Aurelian Way is a Roman road built in 275 AD, during the Roman Empire. It is named after Aurelian, who was emperor from 270 to 275. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aurelian Way"
The Battle of Alesia or Siege of Alesia was a conflict fought in September 52 BC around the Gallic oppidum of Alesia, a major town centre and hill fort of the Mandubii tribe, situated probably at Chaux-des-Crotenay ( Jura). Earlier research located Alesia atop Mont Auxois, above modern Alise-Sainte-Reine in France, but this location does not fit Caesar's description of the battle. Alise-Sainte-Reine is still the official location of Alesia. This battle was fought by the army of the Roman Republic commanded by Julius Caesar, aided by cavalry commanders Mark Antony, Titus Labienus and Gaius Trebonius, against a confederation of Gallic tribes united under the leadership of Vercingetorix of the Averni. Alesia was the last major engagement between Gauls and Romans and marked the turning point of the Gallic Wars in favour of Rome. The siege of Alesia is considered one of Caesar's greatest military achievements and is still one of the classic examples of siege warfare and circumvallation. The event is described by several contemporary authors, including Caesar himself in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico. After the Roman victory, Gaul (roughly modern France) was subdued and became a Roman province. The refusal of the Roman senate to allow Caesar the honour of a triumph for his victory in the Gallic Wars eventually led, in part, to the Roman civil war of 50- 45 BC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Alesia"
The Battle of Aquae Sextiae ( Aix-en-Provence) took place in 102 BC. After a string of Roman defeats (see Battle of Arausio), the Romans under Gaius Marius finally defeated the Cimbri and Teutones. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Aquae Sextiae"
The Battle of Arausio took place on October 6, 105 BC, at a site between the town of Arausio (modern day Orange, Vaucluse) and the Rhône River. Ranged against the migratory tribes of the Cimbri under Boiorix and the Teutoni were two Roman armies, commanded by the proconsul Quintus Servilius Caepio and consul Gnaeus Mallius Maximus. However, bitter differences between the commanders prevented the Roman armies from cooperating, with devastating results. Roman losses are quoted at up to 80,000 troops, and many more servants and camp followers (total loss estimated at about 112,000 men). The terrible defeat gave Gaius Marius the opportunity to come to the fore and radically reform the organisation and recruitment of Roman legions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Arausio"
The Battle of Chalons, also called the Battle of the Catalaunian Fields or the Battle of the Catalun, took place in 451 between the allied forces and foederati led by the Roman general Flavius Aëtius and the Visigothic king Theodoric on one side, and the Huns led by their king Attila and their allies. This battle was the last major military operation of the Western Roman Empire. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Chalons"
The Battle of Gergovia took place in 52 BC at Gergovia (modern Gergovie), France The battle was fought between a Roman Republic army, led by proconsul Julius Caesar, and Gallic forces led by Vercingetorix. The Gauls won the battle. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Gergovia"
The Battle of the Sabis, also known as the Battle of the Sambre (though it may well not have been fought at the location of the modern Sambre River), was fought in 57 BC between the forces of the Roman Republic and an association of Belgic tribes in Gaul. Julius Caesar, commanding the Roman forces, was surprised and nearly defeated. However, a combination of determined defense, skilled generalship, and the timely arrival of reinforcements allowed the Romans to turn a near-defeat into a crushing victory. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of the Sabis"
The Battle of Vercellae, also called The Battle of the Raudine Plain, was fought in 101 BC between a Roman Republic army led by Consul Gaius Marius against a large invasion force of the Germanic Cimbri, near the settlement of Vercellae (modern Vercelli) in Cisalpine Gaul. The Cimbri were virtually wiped out, with over 140,000 killed and 60,000 captured, including large numbers of women and children. Much credit for this victory has been given to the actions of Proconsul Quintus Lutatius Catulus' legate, Lucius Cornelius Sulla who led the Roman and allied Italian Cavalry. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Vercellae"
The Berne zinc tablet (also Gobannus tablet) was found in the 1980s in Berne. It is inscribed with an apparently Gaulish inscription, consisting of the four words, each on its own line, the letter formed by little dots impressed onto the metal: ...more on Wikipedia about "Berne zinc tablet" There's a bit of www.shortopedia.com in all of us. Roman_Gaul
Cisalpine Gaul ( Latin: Gallia Cisalpina, meaning " Gaul this side of the Alps") was a province of the Roman Republic, in Emilia and Lombardy of modern-day northern Italy. Sometimes referred to as Provincia Ariminum. Gallia Transpadana denoted that part of Cisalpine Gaul between the Po and the Alps. The province was governed from Mutina (modern-day Modena), where in 73 BCE forces under Spartacus defeated the legion of Gaius Cassius Longinus, the provincial governor. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cisalpine Gaul"
Clastidium (mod. Casteggio), a village of the Anamares, in Gallia Cispadana, on the Via Postumia, 5 miles east of Iria (mod. Voghera) and 31 miles west of Placentia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Clastidium"
The Gaulish Coligny Calendar was found in Coligny, Ain, France ( ) near Lyons in 1897, along with the head of a bronze statue of a youthful male figure. It is a lunisolar calendar. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coligny calendar"
Commentarii de Bello Gallico (literally "Commentaries on the Gallic Wars" in Latin) is an account written by Julius Caesar about his nine years of war in Gaul. English translations of the book often retain the Latin title; sometimes, various translations of the book's Latin title are used, including About the Gallic War, Of the Gallic War, On the Gallic War, The Conquest of Gaul, and The Gallic War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Commentarii de Bello Gallico"
Gallia Aquitania was a province of the Roman Empire, located in present-day southwest France and bordered by the provinces of Gallia Lugdunensis, Gallia Narbonensis, and Hispania Tarraconensis. The southwestern portions of the province now comprise the region of Aquitaine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallia Aquitania"
Gallia Belgica was a Roman province located in what is now the southern part of the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northeastern France, and western Germany. The indigenous population of Gallia Belgica consisted of a mixture of Celtic and Germanic tribes, often described as the Belgae. The Helvetii settlement area became part of Gallia Belgica. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallia Belgica"
Gallia Lugdunensis was a province of the Roman Empire in what is now the modern country of France, part of the Celtic nation of Gaul. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallia Lugdunensis"
Gallia Narbonensis was a Roman province located in what is now Languedoc and Provence, in southern France. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallia Narbonensis"
The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. The Gallic or Gallo-Roman Empire consisted of the break-away Roman provinces of Gaul, Britain, and Hispania, even peaceful Baetica in the south. The crisis was ignited when Emperor Valerian was captured by the Sassanid Persians, leaving his son Gallienus in very shaky control. As governors in Pannonia staged unsuccessful local revolts, this took the emperor to the Danube, leaving Postumus, who was governor of Upper and Lower Germany, in charge at the Rhine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallic Empire"
The Gallic Wars were a series of wars fought between the Romans and the people of Gaul during the mid- first century BC, culminating in the Battle of Alesia in 52 BC which resulted in the expansion of the Roman Republic across Gaul. They were famously described in Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallic Wars"
The term Gallo-Roman describes the Romanized culture of Gaul under the rule of the Roman Empire, particularly the areas of Gallia Narbonensis that developed into Occitania, and to a lesser degree, Aquitania. The formerly Romanized north of Gaul, once it had been occupied by the Franks, developed into Merovingian culture instead. Roman life, centered on the public events and cultural responsibilities of urban life in the res publica and the sometimes luxurious life of the self-sufficient rural villa system, took longer to collapse in the Gallo-Roman regions, where the Visigoths largely inherited the status quo in the early 5th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallo-Roman culture"
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