Project 971 Щука-Б (Shchuka-B, 'Shchuka' meaning pike, NATO reporting name "Akula"), is a nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) first deployed by the Soviet Navy in 1986. The class is sometimes erroneously called the "Bars" class, after one of its members. Note that Akula (" shark") is the Soviet designation of the ballistic missile submarine class designated by NATO as the Typhoon class submarine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Akula class submarine"
The Soviet Union/ Russian Navy Project 705 (Lira) were a submarine class of hunter/killer nuclear powered vessels (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya). The class is also known by the NATO reporting name of Alfa. At the time of the first launch they were believed to be the fastest and deepest diving military submarines in existence. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alfa class submarine"
The Russian Navy's Project 1650 Амур (named for the Amur river) submarines are export variants of the Project 677 Lada class, a highly improved version of the Kilo class. with much better quieting, new combat systems, and air-independent propulsion. ...more on Wikipedia about "Amur class submarine"
The Project 690 Kefal class (known in the West by its NATO reporting name Bravo class) was a design of military submarines that were built in the Soviet Union. The boats were designed for use in ASW exercises, but could also be employed in a combat role. Four vessels were built, which were commissioned into the Soviet navy between 1967 and 1970. All boats have been stricken in the 1990s. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bravo class submarine"
Delta class submarines are Russian-built strategic nuclear missile submarines designed to attack cities, military and industrial installations, and naval bases. ...more on Wikipedia about "Delta class submarine"
The Delta-I Class Submarine was a large Soviet Ballistic missile Submarine designed to attack targets in the United States of America without needing to pass the SOSUS sensors to fire its missiles. The construction of this new class of submarine was authorised in 1965, and the first Delta-I, K-279, was commissioned into the Soviet Northern Fleet on the 22nd of December, 1972. A total of 18 submarines of this class were built, and all served Soviet Navy, under the designation Murena. ...more on Wikipedia about "Delta I class submarine"
The Delta-II Class Submarine was a large Ballistic Missile Submarine designed to remedy shortcomings in the Delta-I Class Submarine. The design was essentially the same, however the submarine was lengthened in the 4th and 5th compartments by 16 meters to allow the installation of 4 more missile tubes. The new type of Delta also received additional quietening measures including having the steam turbines mounted on shock absorbers, having all pipes and hydraulics separated from the hull through rubber insulation, and a special hydroacoustic coating being applied to the hull. ...more on Wikipedia about "Delta II class submarine"
The 667BDR Kal'mar (Squid) Delta-III class Submarine was a large Ballistic Missile Submarine. Like the earlier Delta class submarines the Delta III is a double hulled design with a thin low magnetic steel outer hull wrapped around a thicker inner pressure hull. Development began in 1972 at the Rubin central design bureau for marine engineering. The submarine was the first that could launch any number of missiles in a single salvo, also the first submarine capable of carrying ballistic missiles with multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles . The submarine carried 16 of the R-29R missiles each carrying 3 to 7 MIRVs, with a range of 6,500 to 8,000 km, depending on the number of re-entry vehicles. ...more on Wikipedia about "Delta III class submarine"
The Foxtrot class was the NATO reporting name of a class of diesel-electric patrol submarines that were built in the Soviet Union. The Soviet designation of this class was Project 641. ...more on Wikipedia about "Foxtrot class submarine"
The Soviet Navy's Project 629, also known by the NATO reporting name of Golf class, were diesel electric ballistic missile submarines. They were designed after six Zulu class submarines were succesfully modified to carry and launch Scud missiles. All Golf boats had left Soviet service by 1990. China built a single modified example in 1966 which is apparently still in service. ...more on Wikipedia about "Golf class submarine"
Development of the Project 658 Hotel class nuclear powered ballistic missile submarine, designed to carry the D-2 launch system and R-13 missiles, was approved on August 26, 1956. Work on the design began in September 1956, and the technical project was completed in the first quarter of 1957. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hotel class submarine"
The Project 940 Lenok class (known in the West by its NATO reporting name India class) was a military submarine design of the Soviet Union. The India class of boats were designed for high surface speeds, and had tracks on their hulls so they could operate on the ocean floor. The submarines of this class were designed to function as a base for two Poseidon DSRV's (Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicles), which could rescue the crew of sunken submarines. ...more on Wikipedia about "India class submarine"
Known in the West by their NATO reporting name as the Juliett class, the Project 651 diesel-electric submarines were designed in the 1950s to provide the Soviet Navy with a nuclear strike capability against the east coast of the United States. They carried four nuclear cruise missiles, which could be launched while the submarine was surfaced and moving less than four knots (7 km/h). Once surfaced, the first missile could be launched in about five minutes; subsequent missiles would follow within about ten seconds each. Initially, the missiles were the inertially-guided P-5 ( NATO reporting name SS-N-3 Shaddock). When submarine-launched ballistic missiles rendered the P-5s obsolescent, they were replaced with the P-6 (also NATO reporting name SS-N-3 Shaddock, though it is a very different missile) and the P-500 4K-80 "Bazalt" ( SS-N-12 Sandbox) anti-ship cruise missiles designed to attack American aircraft carriers. A special 10m² target guidance radar was built into the forward edge of the sail structure, which opened by rotating. The boats were eventually fitted with the Kasatka satellite downlink for targeting information. ...more on Wikipedia about "Juliett class submarine"
Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. The original version of these vessels is known in Russia as Project 877 Paltus. There is also a more advanced version, which is known in the west as Improved Kilo and in Russia as Project 636. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kilo class submarine"
The Russian Navy's Project 677 Лада (Lada, harmony) is a submarine class designed by the Russian Rubin Design Bureau. The class is sometimes refered to as the Saint Petersburg (or Sankt Petersburg) class, after their lead ship. A program to develop a "fourth generation" diesel-electric submarine, it produced a highly improved version of the Project 877 Kilo class with much better quieting, new combat systems, and air-independent propulsion. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lada class submarine"
Project 1840 is the name of a Soviet diesel-electric submarine design of which only one vessel was built. The design is known in the west by its NATO reporting name Lima. The submarine, which was assigned hull number BS-555, was completed in 1979, and used by the Black Sea fleet. It was decommissioned and laid up in 1994. The exact purpose of this boat has remained unclear to western observers. It is suspected that it had an auxiliary role and was used for trying out new technologies, research, or special mission support. The vessel was assumed to be unarmed. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lima class submarine"
* Ballistic Missile Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Raketnaya Ballistecheskaya - PLARB) ...more on Wikipedia about "List of NATO reporting names for ballistic missile submarines"
* Hunter/Killer Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya - PLA) ...more on Wikipedia about "List of NATO reporting names for hunter-killer and experimental submarines"
(List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes) * К (K) — крейсерская (kreyserskaya, "cruiser") ...more on Wikipedia about "List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes"
The November class is the general NATO classification for the first type of nuclear-powered submarine that was put into service by the Soviet Union starting around April 1958. In the Soviet Union, they were produced under Project 627. These vessels were only armed with torpedoes, although the basic design was modified to create the Hotel class, which carried nuclear ballistic missiles. Fourteen vessels of this type were built, the first being the K-3 or Leninsky Komsomol (which would become the first Soviet sub to reach the North Pole in 1962, four years after the USS Nautilus). In April 1970, one of these submarines sank off the coast of Spain (probably the Leninets). ...more on Wikipedia about "November class submarine"
The Soviet Union’s Project 949 (Granit) and Project 949A (Antey) submarines are known in the West by their NATO reporting names: the Oscar-I and Oscar-II classes respectively. ...more on Wikipedia about "Oscar class submarine"
The Soviet Union's Project 661 (Anchar) nuclear-powered attack submarine design is known in the west by its NATO reporting name Papa class. Only one vessel of this class was built: K-162, which was later renamed K-222. ...more on Wikipedia about "Papa class submarine"
The ( NATO reporting name) Romeo class is a class of military patrol submarines that were built in the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, and North Korea. The class was known in the Soviet Union as Project 633 and in China as Type 033 or Type ES3. The Chinese (NATO reporting name Ming class) Type 035 is very similar to the Romeo design. The Romeo class is generally regarded obsolete as a combat vessel by modern standards. The Romeo class is derived from the German Type XXI U-boat U-boats. ...more on Wikipedia about "Romeo class submarine"
The Project 677 Saint-Petersburg (also known as Amur 1650 and Lada) is a fourth generation conventional submarine class designed by the Russian Rubin Design Bureau and constructed at the Admiralty Shipyards in Saint-Petersburg. The first vessel of the class is expected to enter service in the Russian Navy during 2005/ 2006 ...more on Wikipedia about "Saint-Petersburg class submarine"
The Tango class was the NATO reporting name of a type of military diesel-electric submarine that was built in the 1970s and early 1980s in the Soviet Union. The submarines were primarily intended for long range anti-shipping and anti-submarine missions, especially for operations in so called choke points (the English channel for example). The class was known in the Soviet Union as Project 641B Som. Twenty submarines of this class were built for the Soviet Navy. All of the submarines have been put into reserve, and only three or four are thought to be able to operate. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tango class submarine"
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