The Moscow linguistic circle was a group of important thinkers in semiotics, literary theory, and linguistics active in Moscow from 1915 to ca. 1924. Its members included Roman Jakobson, Grigory Vinokur, and Petr Bogatyrev. The group was a counterpart to the St. Petersburg linguistic group OPOJAZ; between them, these two groups (together with the later Prague linguistic circle) were responsible for the development of formalist literary semiotics and linguistics. ...more on Wikipedia about "Moscow linguistic circle"
OPOJAZ, a Russian acronym for Obscestvo izucenija POeticeskogo JAZyka, or Society for the Study of Poetic Language, was a prominent group of linguists and literary critics in St. Petersburg founded in 1916 and dissolved by the early 1930s. The group included Viktor Shklovsky, Boris Eikhenbaum, Osip Brik, and Yury Tynianov. Along with the Moscow linguistic circle it was responsible for the development of Russian formalism and literary semiotics. It was dissolved under political pressure as "formalism" came to be a political term of opprobrium in the Soviet state. ...more on Wikipedia about "OPOJAZ"
Pavel Medvedev ( 1892- 1938) was a Russian literary scholar. He was a teacher, social activist, and friend of Mikhail Bakhtin, as well as of Boris Pasternak and Fyodor Sologub. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pavel Medvedev"
Roman Osipovich Jakobson ( October 11, 1896 - July 18, 1982) was a Russian thinker who became one of the most influential linguists of the 20th century by pioneering the development of structural analysis of language, poetry, and art. ...more on Wikipedia about "Roman Jakobson"
Russian formalism was an influential school of literary criticism in Russia from the 1910s to the 1930s. It includes the work of a number of highly influential Russian and Soviet scholars ( Viktor Shklovsky, Yuri Tynianov, Boris Eichenbaum, Roman Jakobson, Grigory Vinokur) who revolutionised literary criticism between 1914 and the 1930s by establishing the specificity and autonomy of poetic language and literature. Russian formalism exerted a major influence on thinkers such as Mikhail Bakhtin and Yuri Lotman, and on structuralism as a whole. The movement's members are widely considered the founders of modern literary criticism. Under Stalin it became a pejorative term for elitist art. ...more on Wikipedia about "Russian formalism"
Viktor Borisovich Shklovsky (or Shklovskii; ; Saint Petersburg, ; Leningrad, 6 December, 1984) was a Russian and Soviet critic, writer, and pamphleteer. ...more on Wikipedia about "Viktor Shklovsky"
Yury Tynyanov Тынянов Юрий Николаевич ( October 18, 1894 - December 20, 1943) was a famous Russian writer, literary critic, translator, scholar and scriptwriter born in Rezhitsa, present day Latvia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Yury Tynyanov"
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