Alexander Fyodorovich Mozhaiski (Александр Федорович Можайский; in Rochensalm, current Kotka, Finland — in Saint Petersburg) , was a Russian naval officer, aviation pioneer, researcher and designer of heavier-than-air-craft. Mozhaiski was developing concepts for heavier-than-air flight 20 years before the Wright brothers' first flight. In 1884, Mozhaiski's monoplane design made what is now considered to be a power assisted take off or 'hop' of 60-100 feet (20-30 meters). His feat is generally distinguished from that of the Wright brothers on the basis that his design appears to have relied upon a ramp rather than wings to generate lift. This conclusion is supported by the fact that Mozhaiski's wing design lacked the curvature necessary to generate lift. While it is possible that Mozhaiski's wings slowed down the monoplane's descent, they were unlikely to have ever provided upward movement unless used at angles of attack that would have been unsustainable given the engines available to Mozhaiski. Although Soviet propagandists later overemphasised Mozhaiski's role in aviation by claiming his hop as the first powered flight, Mozhaiski's achievements in aviation, particularly with regard to flight control and propulsion, were considerable given the limits of the technology available to him and have only recently received the attention they deserve. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alexander Mozhaiski"
Alexander Nikolayevich Lodygin (1847 – 1923) (Александр Николаевич Лодыгин in Russian) was a Russian electrical engineer and inventor, one of inventors of the Incandescent light bulb. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alexander Nikolayevich Lodygin"
Alexander Stepanovich Popov ( Russian: Александр Степанович Попов) ( March 4/16 1859 - January 13/December 31 1905/6) was a Russian physicist who was the first to publicly demonstrate transmission of radio waves but didn't apply for a patent for this great invention. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alexander Stepanovich Popov"
Cherepanov, Yefim Alekseyevich ( 1774– 1842) and Miron Yefimovich ( 1803– 1849), Russian inventors and industrial engineers, father and son. They were serfs of the Demidovs – a famous family of factory owners. In 1810s, Yefim built a progressive machine-building plant, equipped with a full range of innovative metal-cutting lathes (such as screw-cutters, gear-cutting serrating machines and others). From 1822 until his death, Yefim had been chief mechanic of all the factories in the town of Nizhny Tagil. His son Miron was his apprentice and in 1819 was appointed his deputy and eventually replaced his father after his death. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cherepanov"
Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov ( Russian: Дмитрий Иванович Виноградов) ( 1720? - September 5 ( O.S. August 25), 1758) was a Russian inventor of porcelain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov"
E. K. Gauzen was a Russian naval technician. Working in the Russian naval base at Kronshtadt near Saint Petersburg, in 1829 he invented a "diving machine". This was a type of diving costume that consisted of air-supplied metallic helmet and leather suit. Gauzen's invention was used by the Russian Navy for underwater work until 1880. ...more on Wikipedia about "E. K. Gauzen"
Evgeniy Chertanovskiy was a Soviet (Russian) inventor who, in 1931, invented his first full-pressure suit, called CH-1. In the following years he created similar pressure suits, called skafanders, from CH-2 to CH-7 models. ...more on Wikipedia about "Evgeniy Chertanovskiy" It's time to think about http://www.shortopedia.com. Russian_inventors
Gleb Yevgeniyevich Kotelnikov (Котельников, Глеб Евгеньевич in Russian)(1.18(30). 1872 — 11.22. 1944), Russian- Soviet inventor of the knapsack parachute. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gleb Kotelnikov"
Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (Игорь Иванович Сикорский; 25 May, 1889 – 26 October, 1972) was a Russian-American pioneer of aviation who designed the first four-engine aeroplanes and the first successful helicopter of the most common configuration (single main rotor with tail rotor). ...more on Wikipedia about "Igor Sikorsky"
Ivan Petrovich Kulibin ( April 21 1735 - August 11 1818) was a Russian mechanic and inventor. He was born in Nizhny Novgorod in the family of a trader. Since his childhood, Kulibin displayed an interest in constructing mechanical tools. Soon, clock mechanisms became a special interest of his. During 1764-1767 he built an egg shaped clock, containing a complex automatic mechanism. In 1769 Kulibin gifted this clock to Catherine II, who assigned Kulibin to be in charge of the mechanical workshop in the Academy of Sciences of Saint Petersburg. There Kulibin built a “planetary” pocket-clock, which showed not only the current time, but also the month, day of the week, the season and the current Moon phase. Kulibin also designed projects for tower clocks, miniature “clock-in-a-ring” types and others. He also worked on new ways to facet glass for use in microscopes, telescopes and other optical instruments. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ivan Kulibin"
Ivan Ivanovich Polzunov ( 1728 - May 27, 1766 n.s.) was a Russian inventor. He is credited with creation of the first steam engine in Russia and the first two-cylinder motor in the world. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ivan Polzunov"
Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (Konstanty Ciołkowski), (Константин Эдуардович Циолковский; September 5, 1857 new style – September 19, 1935) was a Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of cosmonautics who spent most of his life in a log-house at the outskirts of the Russian town of Kaluga. ...more on Wikipedia about "Konstantin Tsiolkovsky"
Furvin Kryakutnoy ( or probably Furtzel ) was an early 18th century Russian inventor, who might invent hot air balloon fifty years before Montgolfier brothers. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kryakutnoy"
Léon Theremin (born Lev Sergeyevich Termen, Лев Сергеевич Термен in Russian) ( August 15 1896– November 3 1993) was a Russian inventor, most famous for his invention of the theremin, one of the first electronic musical instruments. ...more on Wikipedia about "Léon Theremin"
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Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov (Михаи́л Тимофе́евич Кала́шников, born November 10, 1919) is a famous Russian gun designer. Born in a poor peasant family he started his engineering career working at a train depot, where Kalashnikov was able to learn much about mechanics. In 1938 he was drafted into the Red Army and served as a tank commander during the first months of the Great Patriotic War. In October 1941 Kalashnikov was heavily wounded in combat and sent home from the frontlines. He started to create his first gun designs in a hospital and soon joined a depot's workshop of the Moscow Aviation Institute. While working there Kalashnikov produced a number of innovations for tanks, including a mechanism that would count the number of shots fired. Within several years, he was promoted to the position of chief engineer and given far more resources to work with. In 1947, he designed the AK-47 (an acronym for "Avtomat Kalashnikov model 1947"). In 1949 the AK-47 assault rifle became operational in the Red Army; after this the design would become Kalashnikov's most famous invention. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mikhail Kalashnikov"
Mikhail Ilyich Koshkin ( Russian: Михаил Ильич Кошкин, 1898 – September 26, 1940, Kharkov) was a Soviet tank designer, chief designer of the famous T-34 tank. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mikhail Koshkin"
Nikolai Alexsevitch Rynin ( December 23, 1887– 1942) was a Russian civil engineer, teacher, aerospace researcher, author, historian, and promoter of space travel. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nikolai Rynin"
Nikolai Yegorovich Zhukovsky ( ) ( – March 17, 1921) was a Russian scientist, founding father of modern aero- and hydrodynamics. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nikolai Yegorovich Zhukovsky"
Ogneslav Kostovich Stepanovich (Russian: КОСТОВИЧ Огнеслав (Игнатий) Степанович) ( 1851- 1916) was an eccentric Serbian inventor and designer living in Russia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ogneslav Kostović Stepanović"
Baron Pavel Lvovitch Schilling (c. 1780- 1836), a Russian diplomat in Germany, constructed a revolutionary new telegraph, consisting of a single needle system in which a code was used to indicate the characters. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pavel Schilling"
Pavel Nikolayevich Yablochkov (Павел Николаевич Яблочков in Russian) (( – ) was a Russian electrical engineer, the inventor of the Yablochkov candle (a type of electric carbon arc lamp) and businessman. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pavel Yablochkov"
Pyotr Kozmitch Frolov (Фролов, Пётр Козьмич in Russian) ( January 16(27), 1775 – December 10(22), 1839), was a Russian mining engineer and inventor who, in 1809, built the first horse- railway in Russia. He elaborated on various canal projects and other artificial water constructions. Frolov also contributed to the development of scientific research and to the culture of the Altai region. His activities as a head of the Kolyvano-Voskresensk factories promoted a great advance of Russian technology in the beginning of the 20th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pyotr Kozmitch Frolov"
Vitaly Mikhaylovich Abalakov ( ) ( January 13, 1906 – 1992) was a Russian mountaineer and inventor. ...more on Wikipedia about "Vitaly Mikhaylovich Abalakov"
Vladimir Kosma Zworykin ( ( July 30, 1889 - July 29, 1982) was a pioneer of television technology. Zworykin invented the iconoscope, a television transmitting tube, and the kinescope, a cathode ray tube that projects pictures it receives onto a screen. He also invented an infrared image tube and helped develop an electron microscope. ...more on Wikipedia about "Vladimir Zworykin"
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