Action semantics is a framework for the formal specification of semantics of programming languages invented by David Watt and Peter D. Mosses. It is a mixture of denotational and operational semantics. ...more on Wikipedia about "Action semantics"
In linguistics, a grammatical agent is the participant of a situation that carries out the action in this situation. Also, agent is the name of the thematic role with the above definition. ...more on Wikipedia about "Agent (grammar)"
A word, phrase, sentence, or other communication is called ambiguous if it can be interpreted in more than one way. Ambiguity is distinct from vagueness, which arises when the boundaries of meaning are indistinct. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ambiguity"
Analogy is either the cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from a particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction and abduction, where at least one of the premises or the conclusion is general. The word analogy can also refer to the relation between the source and the target themselves, which is often, though not necessarily, a similarity, as in the biological notion of analogy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Analogy"
An Ananym is a name which has the letters reversed. This is often done for anonymity, or to create a new name with some information encrypted in it, as with a parent naming a child. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ananym"
In linguistics, anaphora is an instance of an expression referring to another. In general, an anaphoric expression is represented by a pro-form or some kind of deictic. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anaphora (linguistics)"
Antonyms, from the Greek anti ("against") and onoma ("name") are word pairs that are opposite in meaning, such as hot and cold, fat and thin, and up and down. Words may have different antonyms, depending on the meaning. Both long and tall are antonyms of short. Antonyms are of three types: ...more on Wikipedia about "Antonym" Connect with shortopedia. Semantics
Aptronym, a word allegedly coined by United States newspaper columnist Franklin P. Adams, refers to a name that is aptly suited to its owner. Fictional examples of aptronyms include Mr. Talkative and Mr. Worldly Wiseman in John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aptronym"
According to the semantic analysis of Geoffrey Leech, the associative meaning of an expression has to do with individual mental understandings of the speaker. They, in turn, can be broken up into six sub-types: connotative, collocative, social, affective, reflected and thematic (Mwihaki 2004). ...more on Wikipedia about "Associative meaning"
An auto-antonym or contronym, sometimes spelled contranym (occasionally called antagonym, Janus word or self-antonym), is a word with a homonym which is also an antonym. It is a word (of multiple meanings) that is defined as the reverse of one of its other meanings. For example, the word "fast" can mean "moving quickly" as in "running fast", or it can mean "not moving" as in "stuck fast". This phenomenon is also called "enantionymy" or "antilogy". ...more on Wikipedia about "Auto-antonym"
The Bib-1 attribute set contains six attributes: use, relation, position, structure, truncation, completeness. The Use attribute specifies the field to be searched, etc. The syntax allows for very complex queries. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bib-1"
A capitonym is a word that changes its meaning (and sometimes pronunciation) when it is capitalized, and usually applies to capitalization due to proper nouns or eponyms. It is a compound word of the word capital with the suffix -onym. Capitonyms are a form of heteronym. ...more on Wikipedia about "Capitonym"
In linguistic semantics, a case role is any of the spatially-distinguished parts of a process. ...more on Wikipedia about "Case role"
In linguistics, cataphora occurs when an expression corefers with a latter expression in the discourse. Often cataphora is used for rhetorical effect, e.g. "He is the biggest slob I know. He is really stupid. He is so cruel. He's my boyfriend Steve". Sometimes it is used in subordinate clauses within a sentence, e.g. "If you want some, here's some parmesan cheese." Often it is used to provide the description of someone before their name, e.g. "A little girl, Jessica, was playing on the swings." Contrast anaphora, where an expression corefers with a prior expression. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cataphora"
For Wikipedia's categorization projects, see Wikipedia:Categorization. ...more on Wikipedia about "Categorization"
Cognitive semantics is part of the cognitive linguistics movement. Cogitive semantics is typically used as a tool for lexical studies such as those put forth by Leonard Talmy, George Lakoff, Dirk Geeraerts and Bruce Wayne Hawkins. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cognitive semantics"
"Colorless green ideas sleep furiously" is a sentence composed by Noam Chomsky in 1957 as an example of a sentence whose grammar is correct but whose meaning is nonsensical. It was used to show inadequacy of the then-popular probabilistic models of grammar, and the need for more structured models. ...more on Wikipedia about "Colorless green ideas sleep furiously."
A concept is an abstract, universal idea, notion, or entity that serves to designate a category or class of entities, events, or relations. Concepts are abstract in that they omit the differences of the things in their extension, treating them as if they were identical. They are universal in that they apply equally to every thing in their extension. Concepts are also the basic elements of propositions, much the same way a word is the basic semantic element of a sentence. ...more on Wikipedia about "Concept"
In logic and in some branches of semantics, connotation is more or less synonymous with intention. Connotation is often contrasted with denotation, which is more or less synonymous with extension. ...more on Wikipedia about "Connotation"
A definition is usually (but does not have to be) a statement of the essential properties of a certain thing, or a statement of equivalence between one expression and another, usually more complex expression that gives the meaning of the first. These two senses are not mutually exclusive, nor are they equivalent. ...more on Wikipedia about "Definition"
This article discusses the definition of music. Music is an art, entertainment, or other human activity which involves organized and audible sound, though definitions may vary. ...more on Wikipedia about "Definition of music"
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A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. Often the name of a people's language is the same as the demonym. Some places, particularly smaller cities and towns, may not have an established demonym for their residents; toponymists have a particular challenge in researching these. ...more on Wikipedia about "Demonym"
Descriptivist theory of Names is a view of the nature of the meaning and reference of proper names generally attributed to Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell. The theory consists essentially in the idea that the meanings (semantic contents) of names are identical to the descriptions associated with them by speakers, while their referents are determined to be the objects that satisfy these descriptions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Descriptivist theory of names"
Discourse is a term used in semantics as in discourse analysis, but it also refers to a social conception of discourse, often linked with the work of French philosopher Michel Foucault (1926-1984) and the The Theory of Communicative Action of Jürgen Habermas, even though each thinker had personal and incompatible conceptions of discourse (Habermas trying to find the transcendent rules upon which speakers could agree on a groundworks consensus, while Foucault was developing a battle-type of discourse opposed to the classic marxist definition of ideology as part of the superstructure). ...more on Wikipedia about "Discourse"
Discourse Representation Theory (DRT) is an extension of First-order predicate calculus that was created by Hans Kamp in 1981 in order to examine the contextually dependent meaning of a discourse. In traditional natural language semantics, only individual sentences are examined, but context of a dialogue plays a role in meaning as well. For example, pronouns such as he and her rely upon previously introduced individual constants in order to have a meaning. DRT uses variables for every individual constant in order to account for this problem. A discourse is represented in a Discourse Representation Structure (DRS), which a box with variables at the top and the sentences in the formal language below in the order of the original discourse. Sub-DRS can be used for different types of sentences. DRT is now the main framework used for the formal treatment of natural language in semantics. ...more on Wikipedia about "Discourse Representation Theory"
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