The auramine-rhodamine stain is a histological technique used to see acid-fast bacilli, notably Mycobacteria. Acid-fast organisms display a reddish-yellow fluorescence. ...more on Wikipedia about "Auramine-rhodamine stain"
A counterstain is a stain with color contrasting to the principial stain, making the stained structure more easily visible. ...more on Wikipedia about "Counterstain"
Feulgen stain is a staining technique discovered by Robert Feulgen and used in histology to identify chromosomal material or DNA in cell specimens. It depends on acid hydrolysis of DNA, therefores fixating agents using strong acids should be avoided. ...more on Wikipedia about "Feulgen stain"
Field's stain is a histological method for staining of blood smears. It is used for staining thin blood films in order to discover malarial parasites. Field's stain is a version of a Romanowsky stain, used for rapid processing of the specimens. ...more on Wikipedia about "Field's stain"
Giemsa is a complex of stains specific for the phosphate groups of DNA. Used in Giemsa banding (or G-banding) to stain chromosomes and often used to create a karyotype.It is used to identify chromosomal aberrations like translocations and interchanges etc. ...more on Wikipedia about "Giemsa"
Giemsa stain is used for the histopathological diagnosis of Malaria and other parasites. It is named after Gustav Giemsa, an early malariologist. ...more on Wikipedia about "Giemsa stain"
The Gimenez staining technique uses biological stains to detect and identify bacterial infections in tissue samples. Although largely superseded by techniques like Giemsa staining, the Gimenez technique may be valuable for detecting certain slow-growing or fastidious bacteria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gimenez stain" Fast www.shortopedia.com Staining
Golgi's method is a nervous tissue staining technique discovered by Italian physician and scientist Camillo Golgi (1843-1926) in 1873. It was initially named the black reaction (la reazione nera) by Golgi, but it became later better known as the Golgi stain or method. ...more on Wikipedia about "Golgi's method"
Gram staining (or the Gram's method) is an empirical method of differentiating bacterial species into two large groups ( Gram-positive and Gram-negative) based on the chemical and physical properties of their cell walls. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gram staining"
Gram-negative bacteria are those not stained dark blue or violet by Gram staining, in contrast to Gram-positive bacteria. On most Gram-stain preparations, Gram-negative organisms will be counterstained and appear red or pink. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gram-negative"
Gram-positive bacteria are those that are stained dark blue or violet by gram staining, in contrast to Gram-negative bacteria, which cannot retain the stain, instead taking up the counterstain and appearing red or pink. The stain is caused by a high amount of peptidoglycan in the cell wall, which typically, but not always lacks the secondary membrane and lipopolysaccharide layer found in Gram-negative bacteria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gram-positive"
H&E stain, or haematoxylin and eosin stain, is a popular staining method in histology. It is the most widely used stain in medical diagnosis; for example when a pathologist looks at a biopsy of a suspected cancer, the histological section is likely to be stained with H&E and termed H&E section, H+E section, or HE section. ...more on Wikipedia about "H&E stain"
Immunohistochemistry is the process of detection of antigens in tissue using antibodies. The antibodies can be polyclonal or monoclonal in origin, the monoclonal ones being more specific in nature. Immunohistochemistry is widely used for diagnosis of cancers. Specific markers are known for various cancers. ...more on Wikipedia about "Immunohistochemistry"
Jenner's Stain ( methylene blue eosinate) is used in microscopy for staining blood smears. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jenner's stain"
Leishman's stain, also Leishman stain, is used in microscopy for staining blood smears. It provides excellent stain quality. It is generally used to differentiate and identify leucocytes, malaria parasites, and trypanosomas. It is based on a mixture of methylene blue and eosin. ...more on Wikipedia about "Leishman stain"
Masson's trichrome is a three-color staining protocol used in histology. The recipes evolved from the original Masson's formulation to different specific applications, but all are suited for distinguishing cells from surrounding connective tissue. ...more on Wikipedia about "Masson's trichrome"
Papanicolaou stain (also Papanicolaou's stain and Pap stain) is a multichromatic staining histological technique developed by George Papanikolaou, the father of cytopathology. ...more on Wikipedia about "Papanicolaou stain"
Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) is a staining method used in histology and pathology. This method is primarily used to identify glycogen in tissues. The reaction of periodic acid selectively oxidizes the glucose residues, creates aldehydes that react with the Schiff reagent and creates a purple-magenta color. A suitable basic stain is often used as a counterstain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Periodic acid-Schiff"
Phosphotungstic acid (PTA), tungstophosphoric acid, or tungsten hydrogen oxide phosphate (HPW), is a ... with chemical formula 12 . O . x H O. Its CAS number is . ...more on Wikipedia about "Phosphotungstic acid"
Phosphotungstic acid haematoxylin (PTAH) is a mix of haematoxylin with phosphotungstic acid, used in histology for staining. It stains some tissue in contrasting colors in a way similar to haematoxylin and eosin stain, as phosphotungstic acid binds to tissue proteins. It is used to show gliosis in the central nervous system, tumours of skeletal muscles, and fibrin deposits in lesions. Muscle is stained blue-black to dark brown, connective tissue is pale orange-pink to brownish red, fibrin and neuroglia stain deep blue, coarse elastic fibers show as purple, and bone and cartilage obtain yellowish to brownish red color. PTAH is ideal for demonstrating striated muscle fibers and mitochondria, often without a counterstain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Phosphotungstic acid haematoxylin"
Romanowsky staining was a prototypical staining technique that was the forerunner of several distinct but similar methods, including Giemsa, Jenner, Wright, and Leishman stains, which are used to differentiate cells in pathologic specimens. ...more on Wikipedia about "Romanowsky stain" It must be shortopedia.
Silver staining is the use of silver to stain histologic sections. This kind of staining is important especially to show proteins (for example type III collagen) and DNA. It is used to show both substances inside and outside cells. Silver staining is also used in temperature gradient gel electrophoresis. ...more on Wikipedia about "Silver stain"
Staining is a biochemical technique of adding a class-specific ( DNA, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates) dye to a substrate to qualify or quantify the presence of a specific compound. It is similar to fluorescent tagging. ...more on Wikipedia about "Staining (biology)"
Sudan staining is the use of Sudan dyes to stain sudanophilic substances, usually lipids. Sudan lysochromes ( Sudan II, Sudan III, Sudan IV, Oil Red O, and Sudan Black B) are used. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sudan stain"
Wright's stain is a technique in histology that is used to make the differences between cells visible under light microscopy. It is used in the examination of peripheral blood smears and bone marrow aspirates. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wright's stain"
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