Aniline Blue WS, also called aniline blue, China blue, or Soluble blue, is a mixture of methyl blue and water blue. It may also be either one of them. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aniline Blue WS"
Auramine O, also called Basic yellow 2, Pyocatanium aureum, aizen auramine, Pyoktanin Yellow, Canary Yellow, Pyoktanin, or C.I. 41000, is a diarylmethane dye used as a fluorescent stain. It has the appearance of yellow needle crystals. It can be used to stain acid-fast bacteria (eg. Mycobacterium, where it binds to the mycolic acid in its cell wall) in a way similar to Ziehl-Neelsen stain. It is very soluble in water and soluble in ethanol. It can be used as a fluorescent version of Schiff reagent. ...more on Wikipedia about "Auramine O"
Bismarck brown Y, or Bismarck brown, Manchester brown, Phenylene brown, Basic Brown 1, or C.I. 21000, is a diazo dye. It is used in histology for staining tissues. It stains acid mucins to yellow color. It can be used with live cells. It is also used to stain cartilage in bone specimens. It is also used as one of Kasten's Shiff-type reagents in the periodic acid-Schiff stain to stain cellulose, and in Feulgen stain to stain DNA. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bismarck brown Y"
Carbol fuchsin, carbol-fuchsin, or carbolfuchsin, is a mixture of phenol and basic fuchsin, used in bacterial staining procedures. It is commonly used in the staining of mycobacteria as it has an affinity for the mycolic acids found in their cell walls. It is a component of Ziehl-Neelsen stain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Carbol fuchsin"
Carmine, also called Cochineal, Natural Red 4, or C.I. 75470, is a pigment of a bright red color obtained from the carminic acid produced by the cochineal insect, and is used as a general term for a particularly deep red color. Carmine is used in the manufacture of artificial flowers, watercolors, rouge, cosmetics, food additives and crimson ink, and in the painting of miniatures. ...more on Wikipedia about "Carmine"
Cochineal is an expensive crimson or carmine dye derived from the cochineal insect (Dactylopius coccus), a scale insect in the suborder Homoptera, native to tropical and subtropical South America and Mexico. This article covers both the dye and the insect; the latter also is sometimes called simply "cochineal". ...more on Wikipedia about "Cochineal"
Coomassie (also known as Brilliant Blue, Brilliant Blue G, Acid Blue 90, C.I. 42655, or Brilliant Blue G 250) is a blue dye commonly used in sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The gel is soaked in dye for thirty minutes and then destained for thirty minutes or more. This treatment allows the visualization of bands indicating the protein content of the gel. The visualization on the gel usually contains a set of molecular weight marker so that protein MW can be determined in an unknown solution. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coomassie"
Cyto-Stain, or CytoStain, is commercially available mix of staining dyes for polychromatic staining in histology. It provides results comparable to Papanicolaou staining, but in less number of operations and in shorter time. It is used in ultrafast Papanicolaou staining. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cyto-Stain"
DAPI or 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole is a fluorescent stain that binds strongly to DNA. It is used extensively in fluorescence microscopy. Since DAPI will pass through an intact cell membrane, it may be used to stain live and fixed cells. ...more on Wikipedia about "DAPI"
Eosin is an orange-pink dye derived from coal tar. It can be used to stain cytoplasm, collagen and muscle fibers for examination under the microscope. ...more on Wikipedia about "Eosin"
Ethidium bromide (EtBr) is an intercalating agent commonly used as a nucleic acid stain in molecular biology laboratories for techniques such as agarose gel electrophoresis. When exposed to ultraviolet light, it will fluoresce with a red-orange color, intensifying almost 20-fold after binding to DNA. This is likely not due to rigid stabilization of the phenyl moiety, because the phenyl ring has been shown to project outside the intercalated bases. The increased hydrophobicity of the environment is believed to be responsible. Because it binds to DNA, ethidium bromide is a very strong mutagen, and may possibly be a carcinogen or teratogen. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ethidium bromide"
The dye Ethyl Green (Brilliant Green, C.I. 42590; C27H35N3ClBr), due to its powerful bacteriostatic properties, is commonly used along with iodine tincture as a topical antiseptic in Eastern Europe / the former USSR (common name: Zelyonka / Зелёнка), though not in the west due to its irritant properties and toxicity if ingested. It is soluble in water. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ethyl Green"
Fast Green FCF, also called Food green 3, FD&C Green No. 3, Green 1724, Solid Green FCF, and C.I. 42053, is a sea green triarylmethane food dye. Its E number is E143. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fast Green FCF"
Fluorescein is a fluorophore commonly used in microscopy, in a type of dye laser as the gain medium, and in forensics and serology to detect latent blood stains. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fluorescein"
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Fuchsine, fuchsin, rosanilin, or rosaniline hydrochloride is a magenta dye with chemical formula 19 17 3· . It becomes magenta when dissolved in water; as a solid, it forms dark green crystals. Its inventor, the 19th century French company Renard, named the dye after the German translation of the company's name, fuchs ( fox). ...more on Wikipedia about "Fuchsine"
Haematoxylin, hematoxylin, Natural Black 1, or C.I. 75290 is extracted from the wood of the logwood tree. When oxidised it forms haematein, a compound with rich blue-purple colour, and is used, together with a suitable mordant (most commonly Fe(III) or Al(III) salts), to stain cell nuclei prior to examination under a microscope. Structures that stain with haematoxylin are called basophilic. ...more on Wikipedia about "Haematoxylin"
The Hoechst stains are part of a family of fluorescent stains for labelling DNA in fluorescence microscopy. Two of these closely related bis-benzimides are commonly used: Hoechst 33258 and Hoechst 33342. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hoechst stain"
Iodine (from the Gr. Iodes, meaning "violet"), is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol I and atomic number 53. It is required as a trace element for most living organisms. Chemically, iodine is the least reactive of the halogens, and the most electropositive metallic halogen. Iodine is primarily used in medicine, photography and in dyes. ...more on Wikipedia about "Iodine"
Light Green SF yellowish, or Light Green, Acid Green, Lissamine green SF, Acid Green 5, Food Green 2, FD&C Green no. 2, Green No. 205, Acid Brilliant Green 5, Pencil Green SF, or C.I. 42095, is a green triarylmethane dye. It is used in histology for staining collagen; for that purpose it is a standard dye in North America. In Masson's trichrome it is used as a counterstain to acid fuchsin. It is a critical component of Papanicolaou stains together with eosin Y and bismarck brown Y. It usually comes as a disodium salt. Its maximum absorption is at 630 (422) nm. ...more on Wikipedia about "Light Green SF yellowish"
Lugol's iodine, also known as Lugol's solution, is a solution of iodine named after the French physician J.G.A. Lugol. Lugol's iodine solution is often used as an antiseptic and disinfectant, it is also used to determine how much starch is in a substance (turns a dark-blue/black). ...more on Wikipedia about "Lugol's iodine"
Malachite green (also aniline green, basic green 4, diamond green B, or victoria green B, IUPAC name:4-[(4-dimethylaminophenyl)-phenyl-methyl]-N,N-dimethyl-aniline) is a toxic chemical primarily designed to be a dye and is subsequently used to treat parasites, fungal infections, and bacterial infections in fish and fish eggs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Malachite green"
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Methyl blue, also known as Cotton blue, Helvetia blue, Acid blue 93, or C.I. 42780, is a chemical compound used as a stain in histology. Methyl blue stains collagen blue in tissue sections. It is soluble in water and slightly soluble in ethanol. ...more on Wikipedia about "Methyl blue"
Methyl violet is the name given to a group of similar chemicals used as pH indicators and dyes. Methyl violets are mixtures of tetramethyl, pentamethyl and hexamethyl pararosanilins. By blending the different versions, the dyemaker can create different shades of violet in the final dye. The more methylated the compound (the more methyl groups attached), the deeper blue the final color will be. ...more on Wikipedia about "Methyl violet"
Methylene blue (also known as methylthionine chloride or 3,7-bis(dimethylamino)phenothiazin-5-ium chloride) is a chemical compound with many uses. ...more on Wikipedia about "Methylene blue"
Neutral Red (or toluylene red, Basic Red 5, or C.I. 50040) is an eurhodin dye used for staining in histology. It stains cell nuclei red. It is used as a general stain in histology, as a counterstain in combination with other dyes, and for many staining methods. Together with Janus Green B it is used to stain embryonal tissues and supravital staining of blood. Can be used for staining Golgi apparatus in cells and Nissi granules in neurons. ...more on Wikipedia about "Neutral red"
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