The AIM-7 Sparrow is a medium-range semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile operated by the United States Air Force, US Navy, and USMC as well as various allied air forces. Sparrow and its derivatives were the West's principal beyond visual range (BVR) air-to-air missile from the late 1950s until the 1990s. It remains in service, although it is being phased out in favor of the more advanced AIM-120 AMRAAM. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIM-7 Sparrow"
Akash ( Sanskrit for Sky, sometimes spelt Aakash) is under development as part of India's Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) which was launched in 1983 to achieve self-sufficiency in the area of missiles. Akash is a mobile area defense medium-range medium and high altitude surface-to-air missile with a range of 27 to 30 kilometers. The missile has a height ceiling of 18,000 meters and is capable of detecting and destroying aircraft flying at tree top height. The missile has a solid rocket booster stage, followed by a Ramjet engine, and weighs about 700 kg, with a 60 kg warhead. The word means "sky" and literally means "one who illuminates the world". Akash is being developed as part of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program by the Defence and Research Development Organisation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Akash missile"
Anza are a series of Pakistani IR-guided shoulder-fired surface to air missiles. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anza (missile)"
The Arrow Interceptor (טיל חץ, Hebrew: "Hetz") is a theater missile defense (TMD) system; it is the first missile that was specifically designed and built to intercept and destroy ballistic missiles on a national level. It is the only anti-ballistic missile system able to intercept its targets so high in the stratosphere. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arrow missile"
A British surface-to-air missile, Bloodhound was developed during the 1950's as the UK's main air defence weapon and was in large-scale service with the RAF and four other countries' forces from 1958. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bloodhound SAM"
Blowpipe is a man-portable surface-to-air missile which was in use with the British Army and Royal Marines from 1968. It was superseded by an interim design, Javelin, and the Starstreak missile. ...more on Wikipedia about "Blowpipe missile"
Chaparral is a US Army surface-to-air missile system based on the AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile system. The launcher is based on the M113 family of vehicles. It entered service with the U.S. Army in 1969 and was phased out between 1990 and 1998. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chaparral (missile)"
The Thomson CSF Matra Crotale EDIR (Ecartométrie Différentielle InfraRouge, InfraRed Differential Ecartometry) is an all-weather short-range anti-air missile, which can be used to intercept low-flight anti-ship missiles and aircraft. It exist in two versions, a mobile land-based version and a ship-launched one. ...more on Wikipedia about "Crotale missile"
Thunderbird was a British mobile missile produced by the English Electric and saw use as surface to air missile with the British Army. ...more on Wikipedia about "English Electric Thunderbird"
The Enzian (named for a type of mountain flower, the Gentian Violet) was a WWII surface-to-air anti-aircraft missile that has the distinction of being the first to use an infrared guidance system. Troubles plagued its development, most of them organizational in the late days of the war, and it was eventually cancelled before becoming operational. ...more on Wikipedia about "Enzian missile"
The Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) is a development of the Sea Sparrow missile used to protect ships from attacking missiles and aircraft. ESSM is designed to counter supersonic manouvering anti-ship missiles. Compared to the Sea Sparrow, ESSM has a larger, more powerful engine for increased range and agility, as well as upgraded aerodynamics using strakes. In additon, ESSM takes advantage of the latest missile guidance technology, with different versions for Aegis/ Spy-1, Sewaco/ APAR, and traditional target illumination all-the-way. ...more on Wikipedia about "ESSM"
The FIM-43 Redeye was a man-portable surface-to-air missile system. It used infrared homing to track its target. Production was terminated in September 1969 after about 85,000 rounds had been built - in anticipation of the Redeye II, that would later become the FIM-92 Stinger. The Redeye was withdrawn gradually between 1982 and 1995 as the Stinger was deployed. ...more on Wikipedia about "FIM-43 Redeye"
The FIM-92 Stinger is a man portable infra-red homing surface-to-air missile developed in the United States and used by all the US armed services, with whom it entered service in 1981. The basic Stinger missile has to date been responsible for 270 confirmed kills of aircraft. ...more on Wikipedia about "FIM-92 Stinger"
Javelin is a British man-portable surface-to-air missile, used by the British Army and Canadian Army. It can be fired from the shoulder, or from a dedicated launcher known as Javelin LML - Lightweight Multiple Launcher. Capable of being vehicle mounted, the LML carries three rounds. One of these triple launchers is shown in the attached image. ...more on Wikipedia about "Javelin surface-to-air missile" Inform your friends about shortopedia shortopedia
The KP-SAM Shin-Gung' or Shin-Kung ( Korean: God's bow or Divine bow) is a South Korean shoulder launched surface-to-air missile . ...more on Wikipedia about "KP-SAM "Shin Gung""
The LY-60/FD-60/PL-10 is a family of PRC missiles developed by the Shanghai Academy of Science and Technology, largely based on the Italian Alenia Aspide missile - itself a version of the American AIM-7 Sparrow missile. There are four versions of the basic design, three of which are surface-to-air and one air-to-air. ...more on Wikipedia about "LY-60 / FD-60 / PL10"
MANPADS ("Human-Portable Air-Defence System") are shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles. They typically use infra-red guidance and can be a threat to low-flying aircraft and helicopters. ...more on Wikipedia about "MANPADS"
Aster is a surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European firm MBDA. The missile comes in two variants, the medium range Aster 15 and the longer range Aster 30. The Aster missile, together with the SYLVER launcher, is the main component of PAAMS ( Principle Anti-Air Missile System), a French/ Italian/ British joint program for a naval anti-aircraft weapon. ...more on Wikipedia about "MBDA Aster"
Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS) is a military project intended to replace aging NATO Patriot missiles. The USA, Germany and Italy are contributing toward the project. France, though initially in the project, withdrew some time ago. ...more on Wikipedia about "Medium Extended Air Defense System"
The MIM-104 PATRIOT is a medium-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system manufactured by the Raytheon Company of the United States. It replaced the Nike-Hercules Missile for high and medium altitude air defense in the US Army arsenal, and supplements the HAWK system as the US Army's low-altitude tactical mobile air defense system. The weapon became well-known during its use in the Persian Gulf War. Like many expensive American weapons systems, the PATRIOT missile system has seen a variety of controversy concerning its performance in combat. The Patriot SAM and radar system was developed by the US Army Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, which had previously developed the Spartan and Safeguard ABM systems. Thus, the Patriot was developed upon the experience with these systems. An earlier code-name for the Patriot was the "SAM-D". ...more on Wikipedia about "MIM-104 Patriot"
The Raytheon MIM-23 HAWK is an American medium range surface-to-air missile. HAWK is an acronym or possibly a backronym for Homing All the Way Killer. The HAWK was initially designed to destroy aircraft and was later adapted to destroy other missiles in flight. The missile entered service in 1960, and a program of extensive upgrades has kept it from becoming obsolete. It was superseded by the MIM-104 Patriot in US Army service by 1994. It was finally phased out of US service in 2002, the last users, the US Marine Corps replacing it with the man-portable FIM-92 Stinger. The missile was also produced outside the US in Western Europe and Japan. ...more on Wikipedia about "MIM-23 Hawk"
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Mistral is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics). Based on the French SATCP (Sol-Air À Très Courte Portée), the portable missile later to become the Mistral began development in 1974. It was initially deployed in 1988. __NOTOC__ ...more on Wikipedia about "Mistral missile"
NASAMS - "Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System" - is a distributed and netted medium range Air and Missile Defense system. ...more on Wikipedia about "NASAMS"
NIKE J was the name for the Japanese version of the Nike-Hercules Missile surface to air missile. It was produced by Mitsubishi. First test firings of the missile occured in November 1970. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nike J"
The Nike-Hercules Missile, designation MIM-14 (initially SAM-N-25), was a solid fuel propelled surface-to-air missile, used by US and NATO armed forces for high and medium altitude air defense. It could also be employed in a surface-to-surface role. The Nike-Hercules system, a follow-up to the Nike-Ajax missile, was developed during the Cold War to destroy enemy bombers and enemy bomber formations, as well as serve as an anti-ballistic missile system. Western Electric, Bell Laboratories, and Douglas Aircraft Company were the chief contractors for the missiles. In addition to the US Army, systems were sold to West Germany, The Netherlands, Belgium and Greece, with deployments in West Germany beginning in 1963. Nike-Hercules missile systems were also sold to Japan, which subsequently upgraded the internal guidance systems by replacing the original vacuum tube systems with transistorized ones. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nike-Hercules Missile"
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