Alexander Cummings invented the flush toilet under English patent number 814 in 1775. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alexander Cummings"
A bidet is a low-mounted plumbing fixture or type of sink intended for washing the external genitalia and the anus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bidet"
The Blair toilet was developed by Dr. Peter Morgan ** of Harare, Zimbabwe, in the 1970's and as a result of large-scale projects to improve rural sanitation during the 80's after Independence in Zimbabwe, at the Blair Research Institute there was mass deployment of the toilet design in the rural areas of the country. Its clever design makes use of air currents, a septic tank like pit, over which is built an upper structure with an open light-trap entrance and ventilation pipe from the bottom pit with a fine wire grate to keep out flies but more importantly to trap those entering the toilet hole from flying out towards the light. The result is odorless and hygienic, as flies can not escape from the fecal matter to spread disease, and the gases produced by the decomposing waste are redirected outside. ...more on Wikipedia about "Blair Toilet"
A cesspit is a pit, or covered cistern, which can be used for refuse or sewage. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cesspit"
A chamber pot is a bowl shaped container that was kept in the bedroom, under a bed and used as a toilet at night. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chamber pot"
A changeroom (also known as a locker room or Changing Room) is a place where people go to change their clothes. Usually this is for privacy so that they can be away from other people, or away from people of the other gender. ...more on Wikipedia about "Changeroom"
A chemical toilet is a toilet using chemicals to disinfect the waste instead of simply storing it in a hole, or piping it away to a sewage treatment plant. These toilets are most commonly found on airplanes and trains, identified with a blue colored dye in the bowl water. An even simpler chemical toilet conists of seat on a container or bucket of water, with a solution of chemicals used to disinfect and deoderize. Commonly found on inter-city buses and in homes were indoor plumbing is not available. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chemical toilet"
Clivus is Latin for inclination and has given name to a composting toilet system with an inclined bottom. Clivus Multrum is thus an inclining composting room, which was first built as a prototype already 1939 in Tyresö, Sweden by art teacher Rikard Lindström. A handful of prototypes were constructed and are still in operation. The process has been dubbed Enclosed, Long Term Composting and is characterized by being odor-free, extremely low maintenance and able to yield a clean, pathogen-free liquid fertilizer that can be used in agriculture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Clivus"
Composting toilets use biological processes to deal with the disposal and processing of human excrement into organic compost material. ...more on Wikipedia about "Composting toilet"
Crap, depending on one's perspective, is either a slang or vulgar term, referring to feces in parts of the world where English is the main language, where it is used in speaking of things which are of poor quality, or are , in the case of a statement, inaccurate or of little factual substance, like lies, hype, and quackery. Also can be partnered with "bull" to enhance the power of the word. It is also commonly used to express wonder or surprise where other words are too strong, as in "Holy crap!" instead of "Holy shit!" ...more on Wikipedia about "Crap"
A flush toilet or water closet (WC) is a toilet that disposes of the waste products by using water to sweep them away down a drainpipe. The water is also used as a hygienic barrier between the drainpipe and the user. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flush toilet"
The head is a ship's water closet or toilet. ...more on Wikipedia about "Head (watercraft)"
A honey bucket is the bucket that is used in place of a flush toilet in communities that lack wastewater treatment. ...more on Wikipedia about "Honey bucket"
An incinerating toilet is a toilet that burns the excrements instead of flushing them with water. ...more on Wikipedia about "Incinerating toilet"
Western-style toilets and urinals started to appear in Japan at the beginning of the 20th century, but only after World War II did their use become more widespread, due to the influence of the American occupation. In 1977, the sale of Western-style toilets exceeded the sale of traditional squat toilets in Japan. Based on toilets with a built-in bidet from Switzerland and the U.S., the world's largest sanitary equipment company, TOTO, introduced the Washlet in 1980. Japanese companies currently produce some of the most advanced, high-tech toilets in the world. ...more on Wikipedia about "Japanese toilet"
A latrine is a method of disposal of human waste used in rural areas and much of the developing world. Many variations exist, but at its simplest, the principle is that waste is controlled and decomposed into harmless by-products. ...more on Wikipedia about "Latrine"
An outhouse, privy or kybo is an old type of toilet in a small structure separate from the main building which does not have a flush or sewer attached. ...more on Wikipedia about "Outhouse"
In rail transport, many passenger trains (usually medium and long-distance) have toilet facilities onboard. These are often located at the ends of carriages. Toilets suitable for wheelchair users are larger, and hence trains with such facilities may not have toilets in each carriage. ...more on Wikipedia about "Passenger train human waste disposal"
A pay toilet is a toilet for which you need to pay in order to use it. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pay toilet"
A pit toilet is a method of collection of human waste, used for composting, controlled decomposition, or waste disposal used most often in areas with no sewer system. Pit toilets are used in rural and wilderness areas as well as in much of the so-called ' developing world'. Many variations exist, but at its simplest, the principle is that waste is controlled and decomposed into harmless by-products. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pit toilet"
The Port-a-john, also called a Port-o-let, Sani-Privy, Port-a-san, Porta-Potty, Porta- Kybo, Portaloo, or any of a variety of other trade names, is a modern portable self-contained outhouse manufactured of molded plastic in a variety of colors. ...more on Wikipedia about "Port-a-john"
Port-a-john tipping (also known as port-a-potty tipping) is a practical joke in which participants sneak up on an occupied port-a-john and tip it over for amusement. The person within is then covered in urine and feces, as well as any toilet paper, tampons, vomit, or other materials spilled from the containment area below. Tipping over an unoccupied porta-potty, although not considered as fun or daring, still makes a big mess, while eliminating the risk of retribution from the person inside. ...more on Wikipedia about "Port-a-john tipping"
Portaloo is a trademark of the Portakabin company, and is used for its brands of portable toilets. Like the term Portakabin itself, the word Portaloo is legally a trademark of Portakabin, Ltd., but the term has been genericised to refer to any makers portable toilets, at least within the UK and Ireland. ...more on Wikipedia about "Portaloo"
Sanisette is a registered trademark for a self-contained, self-cleaning, unisex, public street toilet pioneered by the French company JC Decaux . These toilets (and other similar toilets) are a common sight in some major cities of the world, most notably Paris, France, where they are ubiquitous. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sanisette"
A septic tank is part of a small scale sewage treatment system often referred to as a septic system, which consists of the tank itself and a septic drain field. Wastewater enters the tank where solids can settle and scum floats. Anaerobic digestion occurs on the settled solids, reducing the volume of solids. The term "septic" comes from the anaerobic bacterial activity. Excess liquid drains from the relatively clear portion of the tank to the leach field (also referred to as a drain field, or seepage field, depending upon locality) where the remaining impurities naturally decompose and the water is eliminated through percolation into the soil, and eventually taken up through the root system of plants or added to the groundwater. A piping network, often constructed in a stone filled trench, distributes the wastewater throughout the field with multiple drainage holes in the network. The size of the leach field is proportional to the volume of wastewater and inversely proportional to the porosity of the drainage field. The entire septic system can operate by gravity alone, or where topographic considerations require, with inclusion of a lift pump. ...more on Wikipedia about "Septic tank"
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