The Oneida Society (Oneida Community) was a utopian commune founded by John H. Noyes in 1848 near Oneida, New York. The community followed the beliefs of Noyes including which he called Perfectionism. This incorporated Communalism (in the sense of communal property and possessions), Complex Marriage, Male Continence, Mutual Criticism and Ascending Fellowship. The community's original forty-five members grew to seventy-two by February 1850, 205 by February 1851, and 306 by 1878. There were smaller communities in Wallingford, Newark, Putney, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Manlius, New York for a short time. ...more on Wikipedia about "Oneida Society"
Pleasant Hill, Kentucky,, USA, is the site of a Shaker religious community that flourished from 1805 to 1910. Following a preservationist effort that began in 1961, the site, now a National Historic Landmark, has become a popular tourist destination. Shaker Village of Pleasant Hill, or Shakertown, as it is known by residents of the area, is located 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Lexington, in Kentucky's Bluegrass region. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pleasant Hill, Kentucky"
The Saline Royale (Royal Saltworks) at Arc-et-Senans, in the forest of Chaux near Besançon, France is notable as an early Enlightenment architectural project to rationalize industrial buildings and processes according to a philosophical order. ...more on Wikipedia about "Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans"
Shaker Heights is a city located in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. As of the 2000 Census, the city had a total population of 29,405. It is an inner-ring streetcar suburb of Cleveland, Ohio that abuts Cleveland, as well as the communities of Beachwood, Cleveland Heights, Highland Hills, University Heights, and Warrensville Heights. ...more on Wikipedia about "Shaker Heights, Ohio"
Soul City, North Carolina is a planned new town first proposed in 1969 by Floyd McKissick, a civil rights leader and director of the Congress of Racial Equality. Funded by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, (HUD) as one of thirteen model city projects, it was located on 5000 acres (20 km²) in Warren County near Manson. The city was to contain three villages housing 18,000 people by 1989. It was planned to be self-contained, so that residents could work, receive health care, get schooling, and worship in town. Soul City was the first new town organized by African-American businesses. ...more on Wikipedia about "Soul City, North Carolina"
The Farm is a spiritual intentional community in Summertown, Tennessee, based on principles of nonviolence and respect for the Earth. It was founded in 1971 by Stephen Gaskin and 320 San Francisco hippies; The Farm is well known amongst hippies and other members of similar subcultures as well as by many vegetarians. The Farm had approximately 250 residents as of 2004. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Farm (Tennessee)"
Twin Oaks is an intentional community in rural Virginia, located about halfway between Charlottesville and Richmond, Virginia, that has sustained itself since 1967. It was one of the first secular egalitarian communities in the US in the 20th century. It is a founding member of the Federation of Egalitarian Communities . Twin Oaks uses a communal shared-labor system involving community work, organic gardens, hammock-making, and a tofu factory. Members work in community-owned businesses, with the community providing for all basic needs (housing, food, healthcare, etc.). All income from the businesses is shared, as are vehicles and houses. As of early 2005, just over 100 people live at Twin Oaks - 15 of them children under 18, the rest adult members. The longest-staying members have been there over 30 years, but more than half of the community members have been there 5 years or less. ...more on Wikipedia about "Twin Oaks"
In Mormonism, the United Order was one of several church organizations established to manage and administer the Law of Consecration (a voluntary form of Christian communism and religious communism) within the Church of Christ. The United Order was an egalitarian community designed to achieve income equality, eliminate poverty, increase group self-sufficiency, and create an ideal utopian society Mormons referred to as Zion. Its practice within Mormonism is now very rare, generally limited to small sects of Mormon fundamentalists. ...more on Wikipedia about "United Order"
Welwyn Garden City is a town (not a city) in Hertfordshire, England. Welwyn Garden City is also known as WGC or, somewhat incorrectly, "Welwyn". This can cause confusion as the village of Welwyn actually lies a few miles to the northwest of WGC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Welwyn Garden City"
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